Since the older times, women have been treated as second rate citizens of all across the globe. This situation is almost same evrywhere irrespective of the developed countries or the developing countries. Women have been relegated to secondary position despite the fact that they constitute about half the world’s population today. This situation has caused immense loss to their self-respect and dignity.
But now the perspective of the society has changed and a general thinking to work for the empowerment of women is being developed so that they colud also contribute in the enhancement and welfare to the society. The freedom of women is not without challenges. Breaking the age old barriers and storming into a predominantly male bastion are something they have to fight for. Even as they are becoming aware about their rights and demands, the voilence and crime againt women is increasing. History is the witness that the women had enjoyed a privileged position in the ancient India.
It is a matter of pride that there existed a culture. Women also struggled for India’s independence. They too have a great contribution in getting India independent like Rani Lakshmi Bai who sacrifised her life as to get India free from Britisher’s and slavery. When the constitution was formed,there the constitution makers introduced various measures in the constitution to held women’s rightful place in the society. They were given freedom to partivipate in the social,political, economic and cultural life of the nation.
However,in spite of the constitutional and legal guarantees aiming to eradicate the inequality and discrimination in any form, the plight of women still remained far from improved. Even today evils like child marriage, beating, female infanticide and gender discrimination are widely, prevalent in the society. The realisation is taking place in the various structures of the society and the women themselves try to raise their voice against the discrimination and the violence by the male dominated society.