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Why College Students in Metro Manila Take Up Part-Time Jobs Essay

A part-time job is a form of labour where in one works fewer hours per week than that of someone who works at a full time job. Those who have part-time jobs work for less than thirty to thirty-five hours a week. May it be capable, post-graduate adults or under-aged students, the amount of people with part time jobs have increased over the past 20 years in most developed countries.

“There are many reasons for working part time, including the desire to do so, having one’s hours cut back by an employer and being unable to find a full-time job.” []

Many students work part time jobs to supply themselves with additional funds. Working part-time is ideal for students, since it allows them to balance their academic needs with their school needs. This is one of the things some students in High School look forward to when they graduate and step up to college, to have freedom and a preview of the world that is waiting for them once they graduate. They want a peek of the “real world” as some say, which is the world of adults, the working world.

Though some are forced to go through with this as their economic status demands it, there are still many advantages when it comes to taking up part-time jobs. Collegiate students are given a bigger work load than any other department but many still go through with it despite their amount of tasks. It is because for many hardworking students, like ones who had graduated with many honours, it looks good on a resume.

The employers usually see this as a good thing for they know that their candidate for employment can handle a large amount of work properly. With a good looking resume, it would not be that hard to get a job. Moreover, parents would like to give their children a sense of responsibility in which they tell their children to apply for part time jobs so as to let them experience what it feels like to have their own money to budget.

Statement of the Problem

This study aims to analyze the reasons why college students take up part time jobs and how they manage their time. In a more detailed manner, it is to answer the following questions: 1. What are the reasons college students take up part time jobs?

a. Is it an absolute necessity?
2. How much do they earn per week?
3. On what do they spend their money on?
4. Do they give part of their payment to their parents?
a. How many percent?
5. Are they able to manage their time?
a. How many hours a day do they work?
b. Do they have other activities/responsibilities?
6. What motivates them to keep working?
a. Who gave them the idea of applying for their jobs they have?
7. How long have they been working?

Scope and Limitations

The topic is about collegiate students with part time jobs. The study will be conducted to know how students of different schools in the collegiate department juggle their studies with part time jobs. The study will tell about how they cope with the sudden change in their habits and their time management. The study will also tackle the reasons why they took up their current jobs, if the job is a necessity or if it is of their own desire.

The study is time pressured. The time to work on the study is seven months. The respondents will be various students of a few different colleges around the Cavite and Metro Manila area, School Year 2012-2013, who have a job that requires them to work for less than 39 hours a week.

Significance of the Study

The study is important to many current and upcoming fourth year students who are planning to take up a part time job in their collegiate years. It would help them to further understand the advantages and disadvantages of what they are hoping to get themselves into. This research will help them be sure of what they want. This would also help them find a way to manage their time once they are there.

The study would also help the students already in college. It would help those with part time jobs feel easier knowing other people go through the same things they do. The study will also help them manage their time better. It would also help those collegiate students who do not have jobs. It would give them a better view. The study will give them a good, first person point of view insight.

Furthermore, this study would also help teachers and parents to understand the stress and pressure the collegiate students with part time jobs go through. This study will open doors for them to be able to create a stronger family bond.

Research Design

8. What are the reasons college students take up part time jobs?
9. How much do they earn per week?
10. On what do they spend their money on?
11. Do they give part of their payment to their parents?
12. Are they able to manage their time?
13. What motivates them to keep working?
14. How long have they been working?

Input

Process

1. To analyze and assess the effects of part time jobs to collegiate students 2. Gathering data by means of handing questionnaires to the respondents. 3.

Output

1. Learning how collegiate students with part time jobs cope up with their studies 2. Warning those who plan to take up part time jobs if they are not ready for it 3. Encouraging readers of the study to take the challenge of having a part time job once they are ready

Fig. 1 – Analysis of the Reasons Why College Students Take Up Part Time Jobs and How They Manage Their Time

Definition of terms
1. College- is an educational institution or a constituent part of one.
2. Part time job- is a form of employment that carries fewer hours per week than a full-time job.
3. Job- a regular activity performed in exchange for payment.
4. Student- is a learner, or someone who attends an educational institution.
5. Economy- consists of the economic systems of a country or other area; the labour, capital, and land resources; and the manufacturing, production, trade, distribution, and consumption of goods and services of that area.
6. Time management- is the act or process of planning and exercising conscious control over the amount of time spent on specific activities, especially to increase effectiveness, efficiency or productivity.
7. Budget- is a financial plan and a list of all planned expenses and revenues. It is a plan for saving, borrowing and spending.
8. High school- is a term for education system used in parts of the English-speaking world to describe institutions which provide all or part of secondary education, but not always the highest years of basic education, which can be called a “secondary school” or “secondary college” or other terms, depending on the nation or region.

9. Teenager- is a young person whose age is between thirteen and nineteen.
10. Labour- productive activity, especially for the sake of economic gain.

11. Responsibility- the state or fact of being responsible.
12. Adult- a person who is fully grown or developed or of age.
13. Pressure- the exertion of force upon a surface by an object.
14. Graduate- a person who has received a degree or diploma on completing a course of study, as in a university, college or school.
15.Employer- is a person or institution that hires employees or workers.
16. Employee- contributes labour and expertise to an endeavour of an employer and is usually hired to perform specific duties which are packaged into a job.
17. Motivation- is the psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal and elicits, controls, and sustains certain goal directed behaviours.
18. Respondent- is a person who is called upon to issue a response to a communication made by another.
19. Stress- A mentally or emotionally disruptive or upsetting condition occurring in response to adverse external influences and capable of affecting physical health, usually characterized by increased heart rate, a rise in blood pressure, muscular tension, irritability, and depression.

20. School- is an institution designed for the teaching of students (or “pupils”) under the direction of teachers.


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