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What Were the Effects of the Slave Trade on Africa and America Essay

In this essay I am going to be telling you about the slave trade on Africa and America. Before the slave trade started Africa was a one of the richest countries and it was a very friendly country with very friendly people who helped you in a lot of things. The African slave’s trade started in 1619 when the Africans started trading with the Europeans with things such as Horses, gold, cloth, copper and other things like that. When the Europeans took over Africa in 1885 the country became really poor as there were no workers and there was no as much food because the farmers were being traded as slaves.

Ships were being carried into Africa then putting slaves into tight pack or loose pack where they would sit there for 3-6 months with hardly any food and they would be sitting with other people they didn’t know, they would have to sit still for that amount of time and they couldn’t move. They would also have to sleep and go to the toilet there not many slaves would live. When the Europeans first began to settle in the Americans they used indentured labours to work farms and mines.

But they were few indented servants due to the wars in Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries. Also they only worked for seven years before these problems and their contracts. Slaves were captured from their homes in Africa, shipped to America under extremely poor conditions, and then sold to the highest bidder, put to work, and forced to live with the new conditions of America. There was no mercy for the slaves and their families as they were captured from their homes and forced onto slave ships.

Most of the Africans who were captured lived in small villages in West Africa. A typical village takeover would occur early in the morning. An enemy tribe would raid the village, and then burn the huts to the ground. Most of the people who were taken by surprise were killed or captured; few escaped. The captured Africans were now on their way to the slave ships. Bound together two by two with heavy wooden yokes fastened around their necks, a long line of black men and women plodded down a well-worn path through the dense forest.

Most of the men were burdened with huge elephants’ tusks. Others, and many of the women too, bore baskets or bales of food. Little boys and girls trudged along beside. Parents, eyes wide in fear and wonder. After they were marched often hundreds of miles, it was time for them to be shipped off to sea, so that they could be sold as cheap labor to help harvest the new world. But before they were shipped off, they had to pass through a slave-trading station.


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