1. E) My idea of philosophy is that Philosophy is a World-View. By this I mean philosophy is the attempt to understand all matters of the universe, encompassing anything the human mind is capable or incapable of thinking up. It is a personal perspective that can differ even among the smartest of humans. In a world-view, there are always contradictory proposals because it is not dictated by scientific verification. Take the case of Lucretius and Hegel.
Lucretius imposes that everything, including mind and soul, is atomic, or made up of atoms. Hegel presents a completely contradictory view, claiming, “Spirit is the only reality. What looks like matter is really a sub-unit of Spirit.” These men have opposing viewpoints on the world, but both are attempting to understand it, and that is key. Philosophy is a world-view because it is the attempt to identify and explain the universe in entirety, not limiting its knowledge to previously made proposals, or scientific facts, but allowing for personal interpretation of anything and everything.
6. B) I believe the worst way to approach philosophy is by seeing it as the Analysis of Language. Roark states that the central thesis of this definition is that “only truths of logic and empirically verifiable statements are meaningful.” Philosophy is not to be dictated by facts. By this definition, religion and morality are merely feelings that may be shared, when to many, religion can be more real than anything else in the world. Philosophy must come from the mind of the thinker; it cannot be predetermined by the verification of others.
Many philosophers practicing under this definition examine more closely the nature of language and words, along with verification, instead of thinking of the many aspects of the world that language and scientific proof can’t dictate . Language is important to philosophy, as it is to every day life, but it is more simply a tool used share ideas.
Morality cannot be stated as a fact or be scientifically verified, but it should not be philosophically examined as merely a feeling. As Roark says, this definition is one-sided, as language combined with verification limits and displaces many of the immensely important ideas of philosophy.