James Moor was able to explain “logically malleable” in his influential article entitled: What Is Computer Ethics? He elaborated that computer technology is regarded as genuinely revolutionary because it is logically malleable. Computers are logically malleable because they can be shaped and molded to accomplish any task that can be described by means of inputs, outputs, and connecting logical operations. The potential applications of computer technology are regarded to be limitless because of the fact that logic is also applicable everywhere.
Due to this, the computer is recognized as the nearest thing that people have to a universal tool. Being the case, the limits of the computer are also dependent upon the limits people’s creativity (Bynum and Rogerson, 2004). 2. What do Luciano Floridi and J. W. Sanders mean by the expression `Information Ethics`? Luciano Floridi and J. W. Sanders were able to discuss the concept of information ethics by arguing their stand in terms of the domain of ethical considerations. Floridi asserted that the domain of ethical considerations should be expanded in order to include entities in addition to the biologic life forms in the ecosphere.
He deems that moral concern should also be given to a specific kind of inanimate object specifically, to information itself or “data entities”, as Floridi calls it that is situated in the “infosphere” (Cavalier, 2005). Floridi and J. W. Sanders propose that in exploring the infosphere, people will see interesting analogies with the ecosphere, which also have moral significance. Floridi and Sanders were able to reflect on the ontological status of information like data entities.
Furthermore, they also gave a distinction between “autonomous electronic agents” and “heteronomous electronic agents” that could substantially help in determining which electronic agents should be given moral consideration. These arguments paved the way in the emergence of information ethics (Cavalier, 2005).
Bynum, T. W. , and Rogerson, S. (2004). Computer Ethics and Professional Responsibility. Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishing Inc. Cavalier, R. J. (2005). The Impact of the Internet on Our Moral Lives. New York: State University of New York.
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