Computerisation in Libraries
The library is one of the oldest types of institutions in our society. It is in the midst of rapid change in recent times. The changes mirror those going on in other institutions and also in the society as a whole. Most modern libraries move beyond their traditional role as custodians of books and integrate new methods of storage and transmission of information. Modern libraries must link the users with the information they seek. Today’s users expect more from libraries than ever before. A school library is as a place in which books and teaching resources are kept. Typically, a library must be able to handle some housekeeping information such as acquisition, cataloging, circulation, serials management, statistical reports and references. Latest advancements in the field of information technology have constrained libraries to embrace automation as the facilities provided by automated libraries provided by automated libraries go far beyond the activities of traditional libraries.
A library management system software package is designed especially to handle such housekeeping tasks. Today, library users expect a modern library service, whether at home using library services online and or within the library. Online, web-based services are now expected. This new technology is also known, as library automation, which is the general term for information, and communications technologies that are used to replace manual systems in the library. Library Management System gives the all detailed information about students, staff and books.
It will track on the how many books available in library and books issued to the students. It shows popular books among the students. It will provide book lost in library. Library Management Software usually comes in these basic modules: cataloging, OPAC and circulation. On can usually access the system through any workstation with a supported web browser and the Internet. Function performed by Library Management Software The Cataloging module The Cataloging module is used for the creation, storage, retrieval and management of bibliographic records and/or indexes. It defines the record format used in the database and provides for authority control author and subject headings.
Usually there are two different interfaces for search and retrieval of the electronic catalog: * For catalogers that allows them to maintain the library database (the main cataloging module), * For users that allows them to search and display the results – the Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC) The Online Public Access Catalogue The Online Public Access Catalogue gives access to the catalog for users which is limited to search and display is called an Online Public Access Catalog or OPAC. An OPAC is integral with the cataloging module. The specific search and display features of an OPAC vary from system to system.
OPACs can also be linked to the circulation module so that users can find out from its OPAC record the status of an item whether it is on loan, on-shelf or reserved. It can also be used for loan information about it, as well as making a self-reservation and/or self-check-in/check-out (and maybe other features such as ILL, and links to electronic resources on the Web or local databases. The Circulation Module The Circulation module provides complete management of all library loans, issues, returns, reservations, fines and location transfers. Circulation statistics are recorded for a wide range of functions such as issues, renewals, borrower visits, reservations and transfers. Advantages of library management software
* Relieve librarians from clerical tasks so that they are available to help library users, * Improve the quality, speed and effectiveness of services, * Improve access to resources, * Facilitate wider access to information for their clients, * Facilitate wider dissemination of their information products and services, * Automatic and real-time update of database * Powerful search engine * Ease and convenient to use * Shorter waiting time for the borrower Library Management Software in our School Libraries The Maltese School Libraries have introduced a computerization project in 2005. Six schools have participated in this pilot project. Today almost all secondary school libraries are using OLIVER library management Software. The aim of the School Library Service is that all state schools will be using the management software by the end of 2013.
“Oliver LMS is a web-based, visual, interactive and versatile school library management system that takes the best features of Web technology and presents it to students, library staff and teachers in an intuitive way, allowing them to research and access on-line resources 24/7” Teacher-librarians have full access to the circulation and OPAC Modules and they can view full bibliographic details from the cataloguing module. They also have access of personal data of teachers and students, which are members of their school library.
Students and teachers on the other hand can access OLIVER library management software from any computer connected to Internet. They can access to the OPAC module, which provides a variety of functions. The use of ICT in our libraries has facilitated the use of our libraries. Students and teachers can easily access the library even from their homes. Our world is in continues change. Librarians need to handle change effectively to survive and thrive in today’s environment. The future for libraries can be an exciting and challenging one for those libraries that are both able and open to change.