According to Wikipedia the free encyclopedia in the article Garlic on WWW, Allium sativum the common Garlic belongs to the family Alliaceae and genus Allium, grown as a perennial and used for both culinary and medicinal purposes. The underground storage structures called head comprising of cloves are consumed. Strong pungent odor and taste of garlic is attributed to the presence of sulfur compounds such as Diallyl disulfide and Allicin respectively. According to vitamins-minerals-supplements. org in the article Garlic Supplement – Health Benefits of Garlic on the WWW, analysis of 100 gm’s garlic yields Moisture 62.
0%, Protein 6. 3%, Fibre 0. 8%, Carbohydrate 30%, Phosphorus 310 mg, Fat 0. 1%, Calcium 30 mg, Vitamin C 15 mg, Iron 1. 5 mg, traces of iodine, sulphur, chlorine and selenium and also small amounts of vitamin B-Complex. As stated in Wikipedia the free encyclopedia in the article Garlic on WWW, the health benefits of garlic include prevention and fighting of common cold, diminishment of platelet aggregation, lowering of lipids, triglycerides, Low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), treatment of hyperlipidaemia, inhibition of atherosclerosis and diallyl disulfide is believed to have anti-carcinogenic properties.
(Transition: Let us discuss about this wonder drug garlic with evidence from various journals) Body 1. Research and studies indicate health benefits such as prevention and fighting of common cold. According to a study by Peter Josling as stated in the BBC News on WWW in the article Garlic ‘prevents common cold’, daily intake of Garlic as a food supplement reduced the risk of getting infected by common cold.
The study also found that those taking Garlic recovered very fast from cold even if infected. Professor Ron Ecles of Cardiff University stated that plants fight viral infections with inbuilt chemical defenses since they lack immune system like human beings and thus he stated “In this study we are simply using the plant’s natural defense to fight our own virus. ” 2. According to the research studies conducted by Jain et al in the article Can garlic reduce levels of serum lipids?
A controlled clinical study in American Journal of Medicine it was concluded that treatment with standardized garlic 900 mg/d produced a significant reduction in serum-TC (Total Cholesterol) and Low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) (1993). 3. Steiner and Lin stated in the article Changes in platelet function and susceptibility of lipoproteins to oxidation associated with administration of aged garlic extract published in the Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology (1998) that the organosulfur compounds in garlic are potent inhibitors of platelet aggregation in-vitro.
A ten month study was conducted to demonstrate its efficacy by usage of aged garlic extract (AGE) in-vivo and a “significant reduction of epinephrine- and to a lesser degree, collagen-induced platelet aggregation” was observed. Thus it was concluded that beneficial effects of garlic on lipids and blood pressure also extend to platelet function “providing a wider potential protection to the cardiovascular system” (1998). 4.
According to Mader in the article Treatment of hyperlipidaemia with garlic-powder tablets. Evidence from the German Association of General Practitioners’ multicentric placebo-controlled double-blind study treatment of hyperlipidaemia was investigated by the usage of standardized garlic tablets (800 mg garlic powder containing 1. 3% alliin). The study concluded that usage of standardized garlic tablets would lower the total cholesterol values and triglyceride by 12% and 17% on an average respectively (1990). 5.
According to Efendy et al in their article The effect of the aged garlic extract, ‘Kyolic’, on the development of experimental atherosclerosis studies were conducted on experimental animals by administering aged garlic extract ‘Kyolic’ (AGE) in different quantities and concluded that aged garlic extract (AGE) treatment reduced “fatty streak development, cholesterol accumulation on the vessel wall and development of fibro fatty plaques in neointimas of the cholesterol fed rabbits and providing protection against development of atherosclerosis.
” 6. Studies by Breithaupt-Grogler et al in the article Protective effect of chronic garlic intake on elastic properties of aorta in the elderly (1997) showed that regular intake of garlic powder “attenuated age related increase in aortic stiffness. ” The elastic properties were measured with the help of Pulse Wave Velocity (PWV) and pressure-standardized elastic vascular resistance (EVR).
Thus intake of garlic leads to a protective effect on the elastic properties of the aorta due to aging in humans (delay in stiffening of aorta due to aging). 7. Xin-Jiang Wu et al stated that has an antimutagenic and anticarcinogenic effect in-vitro and in-vivo by regulating phases I and II enzyme activities. Recent studies also suggest that this could be due to induction of cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in cancer cells. Conclusion
Concluding this useful and interesting topic I would like to state that though garlic has been used as a culinary from times immemorial, its medicinal properties were known only in the last couple of decades. Scanning through the above points we can conclude that garlic could as well be called elixir and a natural way of fighting viral infections as rightly pointed out by Professor Ron Ecles of Cardiff University. Bibliography Wikipedia the free encyclopedia. Garlic.
Page retrieved on October 14, 2006 from: < http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Garlic> Vitamins-minerals-supplements. org in the article Garlic Supplement – Health Benefits of Garlic. Page retrieved on October 14, 2006 from: <http://www. vitamins-minerals-supplements. org/vegetables/garlic. htm> Peter Josling. The BBC News. Garlic ‘prevents common cold. ’ Page retrieved on October 14, 2006 from: <http://news. bbc. co. uk/2/hi/health/1575505. stm>