The working title of the study is initially drafted as: Investigatory Project about Improper Waste Management. In particular, the research will focus on how understanding the nature and dynamics of waste management could effectively lead to effective waste management. The paper discusses in detail the research proposal of the topic. Waste management is the polite term for garbage management, a system of handling the amount of garbage generated by human. In this research proposal, the background and problem of the study are presented; the objectives of the study are formulated. Here, vital concepts, questions and assumptions are stated. Finally, the methodology to be used is discussed.
2.0 Background of the Study
Waste management refers to the collection, transportation, processing, recycling and disposal of waste materials. These waste materials are solid, liquid, gaseous and even radioactive substances. Managing these human-generated wastes requires reducing their effect on health and the environment as well as recovering resources from it. There are existing waste management methods that include disposal methods, recycling methods and avoidance and reduction methods.
Despite the fact that waste handling and transport varies from region-to-region, country-to-country, there are waste management concepts that are universally accepted and implemented. These are the waste hierarchy or the 3Rs (reduce, reuse and recycle), the extended producer responsibility (EPR) and the polluter pays principle. Consolidating the matter directed on the implementation of a solid waste management program in every region in every country. Waste management programs, in particular, are designed to better manage solid wastes for the purpose of protecting
Improper waste management is a serious problem in the Philippines, causing much of the flood that is taking away the lives of many, for instance. Such a massive waste management problem in the Philippines reflects two things: first is the question on the effectiveness of waste management programs implemented by the government and second is the social responsibility of the Filipinos themselves. The study intends to investigate improper waste management as committed by the Filipino people.
3.0 Statement of the Problem
Whether there are environmental education program that aids in advocating effective waste management is not known hence this study. At the grassroots level, where there is direct contact with the Filipino people, whether people understood the aims of waste management programs is also not known. It is not known how the Philippine government makes the people aware and if they act on their learnings about waste management.
The key problem that will be addressed in this study is to understand the extent of improper waste management in the Philippines. The following research questions will be given answer to in the course of the study.
1) What are the waste management programs that are inexistence and implemented in India? Are these programs enough or is there a need to improve these programs?
2) Are the people aware of these waste management programs? When they are aware, are they applying the teachings of these programs?
3) Why people are committing waste management improperly? Are there strategies that could address improper waste management at the grassroots level?
4.0 Research Methodology
The research strategy that the study will utilize is the descriptive method. A descriptive research intends to present facts concerning the nature and status of a situation, as it exists at the time of the study and to describe present conditions, events or systems based on the impressions or reactions of the respondents of the research (Creswell, 1994). It is also concerned with relationships and practices that exist, beliefs and processes that are ongoing, effects that are being felt, or trends that are developing (Best, 1970). This research is also cross-sectional because of limited time. This research is a study of a particular phenomenon (or phenomena) at a particular time. (Saunders et al, 2003) Accordingly, cross-sectional studies often employ the survey strategy.
In this study, primary and secondary research will be both incorporated. The reason for this is to be able to provide adequate discussion for the readers that will help them understand more about the issue and the different variables that involve with it. The primary data for the study will be represented by the survey results that will be acquired from the respondents. On the other hand, the literature reviews to be presented in the second chapter of the study will represent the secondary data of the study. The secondary sources of data will come from published articles from medical books and journals and theses and related studies.
The survey method, also known as the questionnaire method, will be used in gathering the data for this study. Surveys are the most common form of research method for collection of primary data. The descriptive survey of the population is valuable in understanding the audience, and in the definition of the existence and magnitude of the problems, and the survey data are also helpful in determining cause and effect relationships between variables. Five hundred Filipinos will be surveyed regarding the waste management processes that they involved themselves into.