The Bill of Rights and the Patriot Act are by far two of the countries most notable articles in regarding governmental power over United States citizens. The Bill of Rights was amendments 1-10 that were ratified in 1791 in the First United States Congress. These amendments would limit the powers of the federal government, by protecting the rights of all residents and visitors of the United States, or their territories (achive. gov). The Patriot Act of 2001 was enacted to help protect the United States by allowing law enforcement and intelligence agencies to share information and tools, they use on criminals, against terrorists (whitehouse. gov).
It is designed to disable terrorist cells that form both a domestic and abroad threat. However, this particular act has come under great debate and while scratching the surface may look to infringe on Article IV of the Bill of Rights. Article IV of the Bill of Rights sates, “The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be search, and the persons or things to be sized (cornell. law. ed).
” With this being said, the Patriot Act allows the federal government the power to access medical and tax records, flag book buys or rentals, and to conduct secret searches without informing the owner for weeks or months (American Civil Liberties Union 2008). However, the Patriot Act is much deeper than that of a rouge government doing whatever they please. It enables the proper collaboration, and obtains the necessary information, helping to break down the thick walls of the legal and bureaucratic walls separating dangerous criminals from intelligence officers (whitehouse.
gov). Imagine it becoming more effortless to track down a drug dealer’s contact records opposed to a terrorist’s contacts before the Patriot Act. By obtaining credit card records the United States government tracked and found receipts from the records linking it to an al-Qaida fundraiser (whitehouse. gov). It would be safe to conclude that both articles have one common caparison – both articles were written in efforts to protect the lives of United State citizens.
The fundamental principles of the Article IV are correct. On the other hand, it is important that the government stops at no length to protect its people from domestic and foreign attack. And because of the Patriot Act, law enforcement agents halted terrorist cells in our backyard: Ohio, New York, Virginia and Oregon. Also, helped in the prosecution of terrorist operatives and their support systems in California, Illinois, New Jersey, Texas, and North Carolina (whitehouse.
gov). References Constitution. 21 March 2008. Cornell University. http://www. law. cornell. edu/constitution/constitution. billofrights. html US Patriot Act 2003. American Civil Liberties Union (ACL).. 21 March 2008. http://www. aclu. org/safefree/resources/17343res2003111 United States Government Archives. The Charters of Freedom: Bill of Rights. US Patriot Act. 22 March 2008. The United States White House. ttp://www. whitehouse. gov/infocus/patriotact