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Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect in the Contemporary Society Essay

Child abuse has indeed been one of the major contemporary issues that are facing the world at large. Child abuse has been described as one of the worst forms of maltreatment that a parent or guardian can give to a child. A child, under a country’s set of laws, is entitled to three basic needs, that is, food, shelter and clothing. When a parent, guardian or caregiver does not provide these necessities, he or she is thereby said to have committed child neglect.

This however, is subject to whether this behavior is intention or unintentional, keeping in mind that some parents might be willing but not able. Nevertheless, it is the society that is often used to determine whether a particular case is a case of child abuse depending on how the parent treats the child. Besides the basic necessities of a child, he or she also has emotional, psychological and medical needs. In the case that these needs are neglected by a child’s parent this will also qualify to be classified as a case of child neglect. This paper thereby critically examines these causes and consequences. Besides, the paper also explores the causes and effects of child abuse.

Child abuse can occur on an intrapersonal level. Here, the focus is shifted on either parent. Taking, the mother for instance, there are various ways through which she can be said to have committed child neglect. In the case that the child was as a result of teenage pregnancy or simply early pregnancy, the mother might not be able to provide the child with emotional and psychological needs that are needed vitally by the child. Such a mother is also likely to be in very poor social and economic situations owing to the fact that there is a very high possibility that she is in the unemployed bracket CITATION Car10 l 1033 (Jenny, 2010). Besides, some mothers may also have poor planning skills and as such deprive her child of certain needs while young parents may also be ignorant of a child’s needs as they might not be in a position to know exactly what their child needs.

Several Scholars, among them Kirton B. and Starr Raymond have also put forward the fact that family reasons are also a major cause of child abuse. For instance, Kirton, in his book, Understanding Child abuse in the Contemporary society says that in the case where a parent was raised in abuse by his or her parents and tends to pass it on to how they raise their kids. If, for example, a child’s parent promoted truancy and substance abuse by a child at a tender age, the parent might as well use the same when raising his or her child. It is therefore important to raise your kids in a neglect-free manner lest you risk your child passing the same habit to your grandchild and thereafter an entire generation. Parents who were brought up in families where there was a lot of domestic violence tend to pass it on to their children as they bring them up.CITATION Ray01 l 1033 (Starr, 2001)Drug and substance abuse by the parent may also lead to child neglect. The use of hard drugs and substances has very severe consequences to a parent and one of these is neglecting one’s child or children .Drugs have psychological effects to the user that could make them put their responsibilities as parents at risk. This supposition may affect the growth of that child to a very great extent.CITATION Bri04 l 1033 (Taylor, 2004).

Parents who were brought up in families where there was a lot of domestic violence tend to pass it on to their children as they bring them up.CITATION Ray01 l 1033 (Starr, 2001)Drug and substance abuse by the parent may also lead to child neglect. The use of hard drugs and substances has very severe consequences to a parent and one of these is neglecting one’s child or children .Drugs have psychological effects to the user that could make them put their responsibilities as parents at risk. This supposition may affect the growth of that child to a very great extent.CITATION Bri04 l 1033 (Taylor, 2004).

The state of the relationship of one’s parents could also lead to a case of child abuse. Children that are brought up in abusive or violent relationships tend to suffer hugely emotionally and psychologically. In fact, it was established that the exposure of children to domestic abuse and violence has a very direct link to emotional harm created on them CITATION Ray01 l 1033 (Starr, 2001). In this case, the parents fail to protect their children against emotional damage. It should also be noted that physical domestic abuse could also be on the child especially in cases where the parent is abusing drugs.CITATION Bea11 l 1033 (Kirton, 2011)

Depressed mothers are more likely to abuse the needs of their children as compared to mothers, or parents generally, who are not depressed. Depression could make a parent hostile and insensitive. For instance, in a case where depression occurs as a result of financial inability, a parent may take it out on the child, viewing him or her as the source of their problems. The parent may tend to be indifferent towards the child especially when it comes to supervision and feeding. A parent with poor social skills and mostly in terms of the ability to communicate could also tend to neglect the child.CITATION Chr02 l 1033 (Hobbs, 2002)There are various consequences of child abuse and this can be seen through health, physical and welfare effects of child abuse. A child may suffer physical injuries due to lack of supervision by the parent or guardian. There is also a very massive effect on the brain development of the child. Due to neglect, a child may turn out as a slow learner CITATION Jam07 l 1033 (M, 2007). This is often witnessed in their cognitive abilities where a child

Depression could make a parent hostile and insensitive. For instance, in a case where depression occurs as a result of financial inability, a parent may take it out on the child, viewing him or her as the source of their problems. The parent may tend to be indifferent towards the child especially when it comes to supervision and feeding. A parent with poor social skills and mostly in terms of the ability to communicate could also tend to neglect the child.CITATION Chr02 l 1033 (Hobbs, 2002)There are various consequences of child abuse and this can be seen through health, physical and welfare effects of child abuse. A child may suffer physical injuries due to lack of supervision by the parent or guardian. There is also a very massive effect on the brain development of the child. Due to neglect, a child may turn out as a slow learner CITATION Jam07 l 1033 (M, 2007). This is often witnessed in their cognitive abilities where a child

Depressed mothers are more likely to abuse the needs of their children as compared to mothers, or parents generally, who are not depressed. Depression could make a parent hostile and insensitive. For instance, in a case where depression occurs as a result of financial inability, a parent may take it out on the child, viewing him or her as the source of their problems. The parent may tend to be indifferent towards the child especially when it comes to supervision and feeding. A parent with poor social skills and mostly in terms of the ability to communicate could also tend to neglect the child.CITATION Chr02 l 1033 (Hobbs, 2002)There are various consequences of child abuse and this can be seen through health, physical and welfare effects of child abuse. A child may suffer physical injuries due to lack of supervision by the parent or guardian. There is also a very massive effect on the brain development of the child. Due to neglect, a child may turn out as a slow learner CITATION Jam07 l 1033 (M, 2007). This is often witnessed in their cognitive abilities where a child

There are various consequences of child abuse and this can be seen through health, physical and welfare effects of child abuse. A child may suffer physical injuries due to lack of supervision by the parent or guardian. There is also a very massive effect on the brain development of the child. Due to neglect, a child may turn out as a slow learner CITATION Jam07 l 1033 (M, 2007). This is often witnessed in their cognitive abilities where a child may for instance take longer to learn how to speak or walk. This problem in brain development can also affect the way in which a child reacts to stressful situations. On health, child abuse could make a child suffer from health problems, most of which may arise from poor sanitation. In other cases, a child may register very poor academic results especially where a parent is not keen on the child’s educational progress.

Based on the attachment theory of child neglect, emotional and social effects are also likely to occur as a result of child abuse. The child may be excluded socially from social circles such as friendships. This may in turn make the child to involve himself or herself with bad company as long as it gives him some sense of social security. As seen earlier, a child brought up in a family where the parents abuse drugs is also likely to engage in such nefarious activities. Children in this situation cannot count on their parents for emotional support CITATION Ric06 l 1033 (Gelles, 2006). Moreover, child abuse could make a child grow up with bad mannerisms.

Due to this, it is very difficult to control such behaviors in school. Truancy is also a habit that may arise as a result of child neglect. This poor school attendance trend is interpreted in the child’s unpromising academic performance. Victims of child abuse often feel very insecure about themselves. Abuse of a child in some serious cases can also lead to suicide attempts by the child. This is in cases where the child feels unwanted and the feeling that he or she is not loved by the parent is the core case of antisocial behavior such as running away from home. Moreover, a child may also suffer from depression, stress as well as post-traumatic disorders CITATION Bea11 l 1033 (Kirton, 2011).

Moreover, child abuse could make a child grow up with bad mannerisms. Due to this, it is very difficult to control such behaviors in school. Truancy is also a habit that may arise as a result of child neglect. This poor school attendance trend is interpreted in the child’s unpromising academic performance. Victims of child abuse often feel very insecure about themselves. Abuse of a child in some serious cases can also lead to suicide attempts by the child. This is in cases where the child feels unwanted and the feeling that he or she is not loved by the parent is the core case of antisocial behavior such as running away from home. Moreover, a child may also suffer from depression, stress as well as post-traumatic disorders CITATION Bea11 l 1033 (Kirton, 2011).

References on child abuse essays

Gelles, R. J. (2006). Child Abuse and Neglect;Biosocial Dimensions. New Jersey: Transaction Publishers.

Hobbs, C. J. (2002). Child Abuse and Neglect;Cross Cultural Perspective. University Of California Press.

Jenny, C. (2010). Child Abuse and Neglect. Amazon Publishers.

Kirton, B. (2011). Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect in the Contemporary Society.

M, J. G. (2007). Child Neglect;A Guide for Intervention. London: Diane Publishers.

Smith, M. G. (2011). The Children of Neglect. London: Psychology Press.

Starr, R. (2001). The Effects of Child Abuse and Neglect. New York: Guilford Press.

Taylor, B. D. (2004). Child Neglect;Practical Issues and Health Sciences. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

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