1. Non-associative learning – refers to “a relatively permanent change in the strength of response to a single stimulus due to repeated exposure to that stimulus. Changes due to such factors as sensory adaptation, fatigue, or injury do not qualify as non-associative learning. ” Non-associative learning can be divided into habituation and sensitization. ++ Habituation ++ -is a decrease in behavioral responsiveness that occurs when a stimulus is repeated frequently without a subsequent reward or punishment.
It’s a very simple type of learning which has roots in ultimate causation (evolutionary cause): it increases fitness by allowing animals to distinguish between “real” stimuli, and those that do not produce results. In other words, some stimuli are ignored either because they do not have benefits, or the animal would waste energy pursuing the stimulus, without results. Example : First day of School. ++ Sensitisation ++ -is where something happens over and over again and you become more sensitive to it. Example : Kapag ang classmate mo kinalabit ka, sa una ayos lang.
Pero kapag patuloy nya parin itong ginagawa maiirita or magiging sensitive ka na. So gagawin mo ang lahat para mapatigil mo lang sya. 2. Associative learning – is learning that involves relations between events. Example : When the sky is dark, you know it’s probably going to rain. If a stoplight is red, you stop, if it’s green, you go. 3. Imprinting – Imprinting is the term used in psychology and ethology to describe any kind of phase-sensitive learning (learning occurring at a particular age or a particular life stage) that is rapid and apparently independent of the consequences of behavior.
Example : Newly hatched birds and newborn mammals recognize and follow the first moving object they see. 4. Classical Conditioning -is a technique used in behavioral training. A naturally occurring stimulus is paired with a response. Then, a previously neutral stimulus is paired with the naturally occurring stimulus. Eventually, the previously neutral stimulus comes to evoke the response without the presence of the naturally occurring stimulus. The two elements are then known as the conditioned stimulus and the conditioned response.
Example : Pairing a popular music together with the products in advertisements to generate positive feelings and liking towards the products Christmas music played in store may trigger the sweet memories and the habits of giving and sharing in a consumer’s mind and thus will persuade he or she to enter the store 5. Observational Learning -also known as social learning or modeling, is a form of learning in which people acquire new behavior by watching someone else perform that behavior. The person performing the behavior is known as the model, and the learner is known as the observer.
Example : Kung may pinapanuod kang sumasayaw, dahil lagi mo silang pinapanuod natuto ka na rin sumayaw, natuto ka rin ng ibat ibang steps at ibat ibang styles dahil sa panunuod mo sakanila. 6. Enculturation * The process of learning a way of life Example : Parents have a strong influence in enculturating their children. 7. Episodic Learning * is a change in behavior that occurs as a result of an event Example : If you have bitten by a dog, everytime you see a dog you are afraid because of that experience. 8. Multimedia Learning.
* is where a person uses both auditory and visual stimuli to learn information Example : Learning will takes place through the use of powerpoint presentation / educational videos. 9. Electronic-Learning * is a general term used to refer to Internet-based networked computer-enhanced learning. A specific and always more diffused e-learning is mobile learning (m-learning), which uses different mobile telecommunication equipment, such as cellular phones. Example : Researching through internet. Learning through Internet 10. Rote Learning – means to learn something by repeating it until it is memorized.
Example : When cooking the same type of food, you always repeat the steps until such time that the steps has successfully mastered. 11. Informal Learning * Informal learning occurs through the experience of day-to-day Example : One would learn to look ahead while walking because of the danger inherent in not paying attention to where one is going. 12. Formal learning – is learning that takes place within a teacher-student relationship, such as in a school system. Example : By attending a regular classroom discussion or formal education. 13. Informal Learning.
* is organized learning outside the formal learning system. Example : Individuals that have the same passions or hobbies. 14. Tangential Learning * is the process by which people will self-educate if a topic is exposed to them in a context that they already enjoy. Example : When you watched Sports like Basketball which is inclined to your talent this will easily enhanced or motivate yourself to improve more on that particular hobby. 15. Dialogic Learning * is a type of learning based on dialogue. Example : An individual will learn by listening and understanding a particular dialogue.
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