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Tutorial Linguistic Essay

I. Linguistics analysis
Linguistic Pitfalls aims at settling some problems of sentence meaning by identifying what problems there is. – Meaning-Incompleteness(闕義): lack of reference point (parameter), and the sentence meaning becomes incomplete. – Ambiguity(歧義): more than one meaning in an expression, and the context cannot show which meaning it refers to. – Vagueness(含混): some relative terms does not have a clear-cut boundary, and the expression becomes trivial.

– Reification(實化): an abstract name is used as concrete name, and it may arouses confusion. – Colored Expression(著色): a situation is described by emotive terms without reason or explanations – Idiosyncratic Sense(癖義): use an abnormal meaning without explanation or announcement

Whether it commits linguistic pitfalls, we have to identify if it offenses the PRINCIPLE and harms out thinking.

II. Exercises
Identify which pitfalls they commit with justifications.
1. 某議員被批評事事親中,某議員直認不諱,並且說:「中國人親中是理所當然的。」 2. 我看韓劇會哭,因為我心腸好。但你不一樣,你是太濫情、太易受影響。 3. 在檢舉官質問下,克林頓承認撫摸他人胸部及私處以刺激他人性欲,是性關係一部分。但當質問他對口交的看法昤,他一再強調,在其定義中,口交不算性關係一部分。他與萊溫斯基沒有性關係。 4. 主席不滿記者的提問說,「你們太嫩了。問題太簡單,有時更是天真。」 5. 柏楊在他的書《醜陋的中國人》中指出,「中國人是醜陋的」,你認同嗎? 6. 電訊公司廣告:「新計劃每分鐘便宜4毛錢。」 7. 某超市廣告認為,貨品減價是為你們消費者日日賺錢。 8. 香港青年(80後)是可怕的動亂分子。

9. 烹飪教師教授學生如何煮排骨時,指出:「要加入適量的鹽和糖。」 10. 曼聯發言人指出,如果香港邀請曼聯到香港作賽,必定派出主力球員、最強陣容東來。 11. 吃公仔面是無益的。
12. 如果愛情堅定,怎樣的衝擊都不變;如果愛情不堅定,沒有衝擊都會變。 13. 2000年,一位聯文所員工「按錯掣」,把後備電源關掉,令電腦系統癱瘓,引致股票交易停了20分鐘。但聯交所行政總裁徐耀華堅稱這只是「人手意外」,不是「人為錯

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