Training refers to importing of specific skills, abilities and knowledge to an employee or it is any attempt to improve present or future, employee performance by increasing an employee ability to perform, through learning, usually by changing the attitude or increasing his/her skills and knowledge.
Training is needed not only for technicians who work in the shop floor but also for supervisors, managers and executives. After training, candidates will be placed on the jobs to perform the tasks given to them effectively.
Development refers to those learning opportunities designed to help employees grow. Development is, less skill oriented and stresses on knowledge. Knowledge about business environment, management, principles and techniques, human relations, specific industry analysis and like.
Any training & development program must contain inputs, which enable the participants to gain skills, learn theoretical concepts and help acquire vision to look in to the distant future. Training is an investment in HR with a promise of better returns in future.
NEED FOR TRAINING:
After employees have been selected for various positions in an organization, training them for the specific tasks to which they have been assigned assumes great importance. It is true in many organizations that before an employee is fitted into a harmonious working relationship with other employees, he is given adequate training. Training is the act of increasing the knowledge and skills of an employee for performing a particular job. The major outcome of training is learning. A trainee learns new habits, refined skills and useful knowledge during the training that helps him improve performance. Training enables an employee to do his present job more efficiently and prepare himself for a higher-level job.
The essential features of training may be stated thus:
Increases knowledge and skills for doing a particular job; it bridges the gap between job needs and employee skills, knowledge and behaviors Focuses attention on the current job; it is job specific and addresses particular performance deficits or problems Concentrates on individual employees; changing what employees know, how they work, their attitudes toward their work or their interactions with their co-workers or supervisors Tends to be more narrowly focused and oriented toward short-term performance concerns.
IMPORTANCE OF TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT:
Optimum Utilization of Human Resources – Training and Development helps in optimizing the utilization of human resource that further helps the employee to achieve the organizational goals as well as their individual goals.
Development of Human Resources – Training and Development helps to provide an opportunity and broad structure for the development of human resources’ technical and behavioral skills in an organization. It also helps the employees in attaining personal growth.
Development of skills of employees – Training and Development helps in increasing the job knowledge and skills of employees at each level. It helps to expand the horizons of human intellect and an overall personality of the employees.
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The primary objective of my study at BHEL is to lay down the foundation of Training and development.
The objective of my study about employees training and development to improve the current process of employees training and development at BHEL.
My another objective is to apply my learning in the area of Human Resources so that I gain significant practical and Understand the nature and importance of training and development and identify the various inputs that should go into any program. Delineate the different stages in a training and development program and describe each step. Understand the need for and the ways of training for international assignments.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This research provides me with an opportunity to explore in the field of Human Resources. This research also provides the feedback of people involved in the Training and development process Apart from that it would provide me a great deal of exposure to interact with the high profile managers of the company
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The first & foremost step in any research work is to identify the problems or objectives on which the researcher has to work on. There are two types of objectives met in this study, as explained
To analyze the existing training practices, its effectiveness and recommend measures to improve the training practices in BHEL.
To study the frequency of training, training methods and their effects on the trainees and recommend certain measures for improvement. To understand the present practices enforced in respect of training at the personnel department and recommend any changes if necessary. To take feedback and analyze the level of satisfaction amongst the employees in respect of training activities and suggest alternatives.
Every project work is based on certain methodology, which is a way to systematically solve the problem or attain its objectives. It is a very important guideline and lead to completion of any project work through observation, data collection and data analysis. According to Clifford Woody, “Research Methodology comprises of defining & redefining problems, collecting, organizing &evaluating data, making deductions &researching to conclusions.” Accordingly, the methodology used in the project is as follows: – Defining the objectives of the study
Framing of questionnaire keeping objectives in mind (considering the objectives) Feedback from the employees
Analysis of feedback
Conclusion, findings and suggestions.