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tragedy Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Greek Influence on Western Literature

Slide One: The plays performed at the Festival of Dionysus represented a completely new performance genre: drama. Plays like Oedipus Rex, Medea, and Antigone laid the groundwork for the great plays to make up the western canon, from Shakespeare’s Hamlet to Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman. Slide Two: This era also saw the birth and development of a new literary genre: tragedy. In plays like Oedipus Rex, the basic tragic structure in which a character experiences a change from happiness to suffering was codified and refined. In the hands of writers like Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides, it became a vehicle for the exploration of some of humanity’s fundamental fears and questions about existence. You can see the same questions…

Lan-Based Computerized Office Equipment Borrowing System

INTRODUCTION: Now a day, local area networking particularly computer jobs makes differences which are essential in our daily lives. Computer helps such an online marketing, online gaming as well as online reporting news updates to be specific. Local area networking also helps to do things in a short period of time. In fact computer change the lifetime state of the people in partnership himself and make it more essentials. LAN makes the industry more productivity in a way that some of the most companies used this to communicate more easier in terms of trading. As a result trading of products and equipments organized well and manageable. In reality, local area networking (LAN) is now part of our culture and industry,…

King Lear: A Tragedy

In Shakespeare’s, “King Lear” the structure and elements of tragedy help develop the theme of greed throughout the play. In the first act of the play the reader is introduced to a proble, King Lear is getting old and when he passes away he doesn’t want his three daughters fighting for his kingdom. King Lear decided to play a game with them asking them “Tell me, my daughters, which of you loves us most, that we may place. Our largest bounty with the largest merit.” The King is playing a very selfish game with his daughters he wants them to tell him how much they love him. Goneril and Regan go along with his game because they both are power…

Clarification Theory

“Aristotle’s statement about the final end of tragedy— Purgation or Catharsis—has been so endlessly misunderstood, so uncritically assumed to be true.” Discuss. ‘Katharsis’ or ‘Catharsis’ is a word of Greek origin. In the Greek language it has three meanings—”Purgation,” “Purification,” “Clarifica¬tion.” Aristotle uses this word in the Poetics only once. While dealing with the function of tragedy, Aristotle says only this much :— ‘’..……….through pity and fear effecting the proper Katharsis or purgation of these emotions.” But he himself does not give any meaning of the term ‘Catharsis.’ These are the later critics who have interpreted this word in various ways. And this has given birth to various theories. Let us, therefore, discuss some major theories of Catharsis. 1. The…

The Spanish Tragedy

The Spanish Tragedy stands among the first group of Elizabethan plays now known as the Tragedies of Revenge. To present his theme Kyd has structured the play masterfully. Not only are the ironies brilliantly cultivated but also the episodes are contrived with striking skill to reflect and balance each other. Mingling the themes of love, conspiracy, murder and revenge, Kyd found a way of adapting some of the main elements of Senecan tragedy to roaring melodrama. Kyd showed a singular genius in combining the popular with the academic tradition, with knowledge of the limitations and possibilities of the theatre of the day. The Spanish Tragedy is the first, and in its own melodramatic way the most powerful of the revenge…

Elements of Tragedy

Aristotle’s views regarding tragedy are mainly based upon the excellencies which “Oedipus Rex” possesses as a tragedy. The play presents an imitation of an action or piece of life, which is serious, complete in itself and also having a certain magnitude. The means employed by Sophocles is language beautified by all available devices. The story is told in a dramatic form with incidents arousing pity and whereby to accomplish the catharsis of such emotions. So we discuss the major traits which erect “Oedipus Rex”head and shoulder above other plays. Aristotle singled out the plot of “Oedipus Rex” for the highest praise and since his time the greatest superlatives have been used for the plot of this tragedy. Coleridge considers that…

Aristotle Response Paper

Aristotle presents the element of tragedy as more then the textbook definition; an event resulting in great loss and misfortune, but describes how it is an art that can enhance all types of poetry. He defines tragedy as being an imitation of an action that is a whole and complete in itself and of a certain extent. Aristotle shows how tragedy is actually more important than the history itself because it brings out people’s emotions, instead of simply presenting the facts. It is clearly stated throughout the essay that plot is key to good poetry and outweighs every other element. Step by step, Aristotle explains the importance of 6 main necessary elements of plot, character, verbal expression, thought, visual, and…

Reaction Paper: Oedipus the King

Prophecies, it is a presumption from extraordinary being, maybe from the prophets, gods or goddesses about the destiny of somebody. In the classical story of Oedipus the King, the story revolves about the prophecy made by the god about the destiny of Oedipus. It is a classic literature from the Greek mythology. It is a story about the young boy that was destined to kill his father and will commit incest by being the husband of his mother. Dramatic unities: unity of actions, unity of time, unity of place. Unity of actions, it is the casual connections of events and incidents; unity of time, it is a concept that the tragedy should confine itself as far as possible, to a…

Oedipus Rex Character Analysis

Oedipus, in Sophocles’ play Oedipus Rex, is by definition, a tragic hero. King Laios of Thebes was given a prophecy from the oracle that he would be murdered by his son’s hand, and that his son would marry his wife, Queen Iocaste. When Oedipus was born, King Laios had him taken to Mt. Cithaeron to die, however, the servant who was instructed to take him to the mountain felt pity for the baby and turned him over to a shepherd from Corinth. Once in Corinth, he was raised by King Polybus and Queen Merope, and the prophecy slowly became a reality. Oedipus grew up, believing that he was indeed the son of Polybus and Merope, when a drunken man informed…

The Strength of Jacob: A Tragedy

Characters Jacob: an African-American preacher and civil rights activist Susan: Jacob’s only daughter Mary: Jacob’s wife Billy: Susan’s boyfriend, who is white Setting Alexandria, VA in the 1950s. The action takes places in and around Jacob’s church, as well as in the family home. PROLOGUE Susan: To wrestle with God is always to win, even if what you win is death. Our fate, like the children of Exodus, is to struggle through this world and be delivered from inequality. We must be ready to sacrifice ourselves, but remain humble in our strength. Beware the pride that says ‘I do not need help’. These are the words of my father. CHORUS (Parodos) Jacob, son of light and son of enslaving chains…

Is Troy Maxson a tragic hero?

Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) was a famous Greek philosopher who outlined the unique and powerful qualities of tragedy. For Aristotle, tragedy was the most refined version of poetry dealing with grand matters. Oedipus Rex and Antigone are just two examples of famous Greek tragedies. Fences by August Wilson is a contemporary play, and is certainly not considered a classic Greek tragedy, yet the main character has been called a modern-day tragic hero. After analyzing Troy Maxson’s conflicts and his character, decide how well he fits the definition of a tragic hero. ————————————————- ————————————————- To what extend could Troy Maxson be considered a tragic hero? ————————————————- Guidelines: 1. Include an introduction in which you accomplish the following goals: * Engage the reader….

Plot vs Character in Tragedy

Q. PLOT Vs CHARACTER In Tragedy In his immortal creation Poetics Aristotle mentions six formative elements of tragedy — ‘Plot’, ‘Character’, ‘Thought’, ‘Diction’, ‘Spectacle’ and ‘Song’. And among them ‘plot’ gets the prior attention and importance. Aristotle claims ‘plot’ to be the soul of tragedy. In his view character as secondary to the plot. He in his book Poetics opines “Plot is the fundamental thing, the soul of tragedy, whereas character is secondary.” [Chap—7]. It is only in the context of describing ideal plot that Aristotle refers to character. Aristotle categorically states that there can be a tragedy without character, but there can never be a tragedy without plot. According to Aristotle, there are two kinds of plot—simple plot and…

Greek Tragedy

Tragedies are a common genre of literature which began during the ancient. Many narratives or stories found its way to libraries and household shelves in this form. Like other genre’s of literature, tragedies also have standards with which the power of it being an effective tragedy is measured. According to Felski (2008), tragedy is a form of literature that tells of suffering as well as aspects of society which are typically discussed as a social norm. Tragedies present life differently and its effectiveness as a piece of literature relies on its ability to show conflicts which are already existing or yet to exist in society. Thus, a tragedy may never be considered such if it has no capacity to arouse…

Juliet And Her Romeo

“For never was there a story of more woe than this of Juliet and her Romeo”. Romeo and Juliet is a tragic love story. Whose tragedy is it? Through the metrical composition of the closing lines of the play, Shakespeare informs the audience on whose tragedy Romeo and Juliet is about. By addressing the last verse of the play to us in pyrrhic pentameter, he is suggesting a victory which has come about at too great a cost. The pace of time amplifies the tragic quality of the play. Time is used to set things in a motion that they spiral out of control. Instead of logical decisions, everything is controlled by emotions, which ultimately leads Romeo and Juliet to…

Tragedy in Comedy

Tragedy in Comedy is only a bad dream. This statement ironically captures the fable created by Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream. While in the play, the night spent by the three couples and the performers in the woods outside Athens is felt by them to be a wild dream, for the audience viewing this comedy, the tragic elements at the beginning of the play seem less like the reality in Shakespeare’s make-believe world. This world has gods and lovers, half-man half-donkey, and goblins spreading love potions. The play captures many elements from the English mythological tradition, and uses them with poise and reserve. As one of the most popular adaptations for film and theatre in modern times, the play survives…

Julius Caesar 10th Grade Essay

“Might makes right,” a vacillating quote signifying power, strength and ability, a vast amount of power which may surely lead to ones reign or contrary their own destruction. Is it possible that those with the most power always live a victorious life, and those who don’t have a grueling idea of what they are capable of live within a lie, residing under the casted shadows of those who were capable of exercising it to its full potential. The quote can be easily traced back to Plato, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s “The Social Contract” although hundreds of historians have found proof that leaders such as Abraham Lincoln, Martin Luther King, and the Nazi Party had been greatly influenced by the idea of…

Assessment For Learning

Although Hamlet and Agamemnon both follow Aristotle’s definition of tragedy, I believe Hamlet is a more tragic play. Many more innocent lives were taken in Hamlet than Agamemnon. Hamlet, Gertrude, Ophelia, Polonius and Laertes were all killed due to Claudius’ deceptive and cheating ways. In Agamemnon, Cassandra and Iphigenia were the only innocent lives taken, both caused by Agamemnon’s lack of morals. The sheer number of deaths in Hamlet that were caused by unjust means and intentions brings a great amount of unrest to the audience. It holds even greater unrest for the audience when compared to Agamemnon. The level of understanding I had with all the characters was far greater in Hamlet than in Agamemnon. Hamlet, the tragic hero…

The Role of Tragedy in Early Greek Legacy

Tragedies have been a big and important part of Greek culture and history. Greek tragedies are dramas performed before a large audience, usually during festivities of gods, that narrate the story of a hero and all the unusual challenges and sufferings that he has to go through in order to achieve something or learn an important lesson. Tragedies usually have complex plots wherein disasters happen one after the other and their resolutions reveal important lessons or realizations. These dramas have apparently started around the 5th century BCE, a pivotal time in Greek history that also marked a lot of their other contributions like democracy. Thespis, known as the father of drama, introduced the idea of one actor acting on stage…

Tragic Hero

According to Aristotle, “A tragic hero is a character who is not eminently good and just, yet whose misfortune is brought about not by vice and depravity, but by some error or frailty…” The tragic hero has a weakness that causes them to have an inner struggle. The literature piece goes on to narrate the inner struggle the tragic hero has as well as how they overcome it. The hero goes through a cycle that helps them conquer their struggle and become a better person. Therefore, through an examination of departure, test/trials and transformation of the protagonist in the written work The Stone Angel by Margaret Laurence, Hagar Shipley and Tuesday’s with Morrie by Mitch Albom, Mitch Album, it is…

Romeo and Mercutio

‘Explore the ways in which Romeo and Mercutio are presented in Act 1 Scene 4 and elsewhere in Shakespeare’s play and in the performed version. In act 1 scene 4 of Romeo and Juliet, characters Romeo and Mercutio express different feelings that draw the reader in and shows how important the relationship between them is. In the scene everybody is wearing masks and Mercutio and Romeo have attended the Capulet’s party. Romeo states that he will not dance at the Capulet’s feast as he loves someone who does not love him so he is not in the mood to dance and be happy but Mercutio (a close friend of Romeo) tries to convince him to dance. Mercutio then goes on…

Dramatic Iron In Tragedy

Dramatic irony is endemic in the experience of the tragedy; people get shocked when tragedy strikes but they will murmur underneath that they had seen it coming though the victims did realize it. Neighbors and friends read signs of death, they are afraid to it directly or try to tell it indirectly and the victims can not believe or just cannot understand. Tragedy sometimes strikes when least expected, Lindsay a beautiful young Woman of two, separated from her husband because he abused her physically, her estranged her husband did not accept the separation though it was authorized by a local judge. He visited her house often and without notifying her in advance, he claimed that house was still his home…

Death, Tragedy and Community at Wartime

Dying in War: Implications for the family, the community and the social worker Death is a phenomenon that evokes mixed reactions and views from a community. For some, it a blessed release from the trials and problems of life. To others, it may very well be the end of the world when they lose a loved one. What remains constant however is the grief, bereavement and loneliness experienced by those left behind. Even more so when death was sudden and unexpected as like what happens in times of war, disaster, and terrorist attacks. Grief goes through many stages, each stage more difficult that the last. While most people generally manage to cope with time, some experience more difficulties and tend…

The Death of Socrates Questions

1. Plato and his friends consider the death of Socrates a great personal calamity because they were not heartbroken for Socrates, but for their own calamity in losing such a great friend. Plato and his friends considered Socrates like a figure of their father and losing him impacted them very much. 2. Socrates chose not to delay drinking the poison because he felt that he would gain nothing as he delayed them. He felt that he should die in a frame of mind and that it would be ridiculous to cling to life and hug it when it has no more to offer. 3 the death of socrates is similar to a Greek tragedy because in Greek tragedy, the good…

Analysis on Pyramus and Thisbe

“Leaving the person I love in danger and continuing to live on is the same as being dead.” -Hyuga, Natsume. Pyramus and Thisbe were a couple that preferred dying instead of living life without each other or considering that his or her beloved was in danger. Pyramus and Thisbe were deeply in love with each other, but could not be together for their parents had prohibited them from being with each other. The young lovers wanted to be together so badly and so they decided to run away together ignoring the demands of their parents. All bad choices are followed by consequences and that´s what happened with these couple. As they were running away a horrible creature appeared to Thisbe…

The Gosport Tragedy

Stephanie Ledgin admiringly referred to bluegrass music as to an overwhelming musical tradition that united American people with various social backgrounds: Fiddles and banjos, high-speed instrumental duels, three- and four-part harmonies rendered a cappella that send shivers up your spine – American music that can quicken your pulse or melt your heart with emotion. More pervasive and present in our everyday lives than it has ever been, bluegrass is all around us. Bluegrass used to exist long before it was reported of in popular press. The goal of the present paper is to compare two sociomusical traditions of American bluegrass music and British ballad to prove their cultural and musical affinity. The essay will consist of four parts. The first…

A.C Bradley’s Definition of Tragic Hero

A famous Shakespearean scholar, Andrew Cecil Bradley, who was born in England, in 1851, wrote a book called The Shakespearean Tragedy (1904). This book is recognized as a classic Shakespearean criticism, which presents a psychological analysis of Shakespeare’s characters. The Article, The Shakespearean Tragic Hero (p.687-691) explains Bradley’s definition of tragedy and tragic hero. According to Bradley, the tragic hero must be of a person of high degree or of public importance with exceptional nature, which raises person, in some respect much above the average level of humanity. This trait will acts as double-edged sword as it is his greatness but also his fatality. The fatal trait, joining with hero’s tragic flaw or flawed act, brings catastrophe; that is, his…

Victor Frankenstein, to an extent, is a tragic hero

In Frankenstein also known as The Modern Prometheus, the protagonist, Victor Frankenstein, to an extent is a tragic hero. This is because it follows some of the many common traits of a typical Aristotelian tragic hero. These include how the Frankenstein is lead to his downfall due to his excessive pride. Other points include how Frankenstein, the hero discovered his fate by his own actions and also how he saw and understood his demise, and that his fate was because of his own actions. The last point is how he was physically and emotionally scarred of his experience. These points all point to the philosophy of Aristotle and his belief of what a typical tragic hero should have if it…

Bhopal Gas Tragedy

Bhopal Gas Tragedy is known to be a cataclysmic in the industrial world, an incident occurring at the Union Carbide plant located in Bhopal, India (Bhargava 1). The complex reverberations of such a prevalent disaster continued to send quivers through a company, an industry, political and bureaucratic leadership of a nation, and the lawful and policy instruments by which two countries India and the United States had previously sought to reimburse the victims of the tragedy (Jasanoff 1). This disaster had collosal consequences for India’s populace and has come to be known as the Hiroshima of the Chemical Industry. This paper presents detail incident of Bhopal gas tragedy, intense impact on victims suffered from a dreaded industrial disaster and analysis…

Is Macbeth a true tragic hero?

Amongst all of Shakespeare’s tragedies, Macbeth is the most inconsistent and fragmented. Like the mental state of the protagonist, the tragic structure of the play is in disarray from the very onset. According to Aristotle, all tragedies must follow a certain set of characteristics, and the most important of these is the presence of a tragic hero. This tragic hero must possess a tragic flaw, or hamartia, which is a good quality taken to such an extreme that it now exhibits immoral behaviour from the hero. He must also draw sympathy of his plight from the audience. Macbeth, although the protagonist, is not a tragic hero because he does not possess this hamartia. This significant absence of a flaw leads…

Comparison between Frankenstein and “The Birthmark”

The Industrial Revolution that was happening in the early twilight of the 19th centuries changed the world forever. The introduction of science as a possible cure for all became apparent. Many fascination inventions such as steamboat, cars and electricity were created and the outlook for the future was bright. However, because of this, many scientists turned a blind eye to the dangers of knowledge and unwittingly caused many sorrows in their process to become “god”. Such examples are introduced in the following two stories: Frankenstein and “The birthmark”. In both stories, the author created a character that was to symbolize the scientists of the early 19th centuries who believed that anything was possible with science. In “The Birthmark”, Hawthorne’s character…