There are many tourist attractions in Europe and has had a very long history. Many countries such as France, England, Germany, Switzerland, Spain, Italy, and Amsterdam all have these very popular attractions.
There is a vast history of tourism around the world, especially in Europe. There are writings of Herodotus, a historian who lived in the fifth century BC. He traveled by sea to Egypt, Persia, Sicily, and Babylon Travel writing is thus an activity with a history that stretches over two thousand years. (Swarbrooke and Horner 12)
The steady march of tourism development in Europe was halted by the Dark Ages. With the end of the Roman empire came the end of most tourism for they were the people who introduced tourism for pleasure. However, one form of tourism that was to become the earliest form of mass tourism reached it’s peak during the middle ages and the numbers traveling were large given the population of Europe at the time. This was “The Pilgrimage”. 1300 to 3000 people visited Rome at that time. Other major Destinations for pilgrimages were to Jeruselum and Santiago de Compostella. The English went to Canterbury. (Swarbrooke and Horner 13)
In the 19th century, the real foundations were laid for the development of modern tourism
due to the introduction of Railways. This created the Conditions for the growth of larger scale forms of tourism. The seaside resort was the main beneficiary of this change, mostly in Britain where the Industrial Revolution 1st occurred. In Britain, a new demand was met by resorts which largely served regional markets. It was the Britons who in the late 19th century stimulated the growth of resorts such as Nice and Biarritz. These resorts were also frequented by royalty from other European countries, they thus became fashionable places. Their image as glamourous risque` playgrounds for the rich were enhanced by opening casinos and the growth of gambling. (Swarbrooke and Horner 17)
The rapid growth of mass tourism in Europe since the late 1940s has been well documented. It has been explained by the coincidence of a number of inter-related factors occurring at the same time: increases in disposable income, advances in aircraft technology, the greater availability of motor cars, and further increases in leisure time. The first wave of mass tourism in Europe, consisted of annual migrations to the mediterranean. Another recent trend in the European tourism market, namely the increasing role of governments as attraction developers and destination marketers. The final trend in the historical development of tourism in Europe is the fact that Britain is no longer on the forefront of developments. Tourism is increasingly a global market but it is a market in which Europe is losing it’s dominant position.
(Swarbrooke and Horner 19)
France has always been a major destination for foreign tourists, because of the range of scenery and the attractions. Also France has a great climate for tourism ranging from the mediterranean to the French Alps. (Swarbrooke and Horner 342)
Roquefort-sur-Soulzon is in the south of France between the regions of Languedoc and Auvergne. The village is perched about two thousand feet above the town of Millall near the beautiful Gorges de turn River. Roquefort is world renowned for the “King of Cheeses” which is made from Ewe’s milk. This town produces two thousand tons per year. Societe` has developed a visitor attraction in the village of Roquefort which allows visitors to gain insight into this very special cheese production. This attraction is called “Visite de caves- les plus belles caves de Roquefort. (Swarbrooke and Horner 342)
Another tourist attraction in France is the Jean Bernard Cave. This cave is in the foothills of the Alps, south of Lake Geneva. It is the deepest known cave in the world. It was discovered in 1963 and named after it’s finder. Exploration in 1969 revealed many new tunnels, chambers, shafts, galleries, and underground rivers. Then, it’s maximum depth was estimated at 2,044 feet; it is now known to be 5,256 feet deep. (Devine 402) Another cave in France is the Armand Cave. In 1897, a french potholer, Louis Armand, exploring in the Limestone Hills of the Ce`vennes fifty miles northwest of Montpellier, discovered the deep cavern later named after him. After making his way down a vertical shaft 246 feet deep, he entered a vast chamber, now known as La Grande Salle which measures 330 feet by 180 feet. The floor is covered with what has been described as a “forest” of stalagmites, formed from the percolation of water through the roof of the cave. The tallest of these is 100 feet high. (Devine 398)
One of the most popular places in France is the Eiffel Tower. People come from all over the world just to see this huge tower. It is placed in the middle of Paris. Tourists climb or take an elevator to the top. Another attraction in Paris is Jim Morrison’s grave. Many people come to pay tribute to this very influential poet and rock star.
England is also a popular place for tourists to go. Buckingham Palace is one of the most famous places in Great Britain. The Queen of England resides here, along with her other royal blood relatives. The Guards are perhaps the most famous at Buckingham Palace, for they never move. Tourists will go up to them, but the guards never even blink.
Ragdale Hall was established in the 1970s as a business which offers customers the opportunity to experience health, beauty, and fitness treatments. It has had many alterations made in the last twenty years. Ragdale Hall is located between within easy reach Loughborough and Melton Mowbray in the heart of Leicestershire countryside. It is set in it’s own extensive landscaped gardens and combines the charm of traditional Victorian architecture with the most modern facilities, to create one of the most relaxing health resorts in the United Kingdom. (Swarbrooke and Horner 372)
Germany has not always been a great place to go, but now it has many attractions that people go to. Bayerischer World National Park is one of these places. This park occupies forty six square miles of mountainous terrain on the German border with the Czech Republic, where the granite mountains range in altitude from 2,400 to 4,800 feet. Spruce trees dominate on the higher slopes; with mixed forest, including pine, maple and beach, lower down. Within the park, there is a small reserve where boars, wild cats, buffalo, lynx, grey wolves, and other animals that once roamed the wild now live in protected areas. (Devine 398-399)
A popular event in Germany is the Hanseboot Hamburg. This will present tourists with the many facets of aquatic sports ranging from more than 1,200 yachts and boats to surfing and diving, as well as equipment and accessories. The “Auer Dult” in Munich, which is a huge fair, spreads over 20, 000 square meters. It becomes and island in the heart of the city alive with conversation and congeniality. A fascinating place in Germany is Luneburg, the 1,000 year-old salt town. Luneburg intrigues the tourist with it’s historical gabled roofs and the lively charm of a modern university town. People like to experience the romantic alleyways of the Old Town with it’s pavement cafes. (Http://www.germany-tourism.de/)
Spain is a beautiful country to visit all year round. From the bullfights in Madrid to Ibiza Island. Ruta Del Califato(from Cordoba to Granada) is an impressive journey into the heart of Andalusia, between the two great cities of the Andalusia legacy. A marvelous route during which people will not only be able to enjoy a history adventure, but will moreover discover fascinating landscapes, fiestas, handicrafts…and a wealth of “Al Andalus” cuisine. Tourists also go to spas all over Spain. There are more than one hundred spas located throughout the country that receive visitors from all over the world seeking rest, relief, from their ailments, or simply the enjoyment of new sensations. (Http://www.tourspain.es/Portal/EN/Default.htm)
Amsterdam has a broad spectrum of recreational and cultural sights that range from sublime buildings, such as Oude Kerk, to oddities like the Hash Marijuana Museum. Museums in Amsterdam are the main tourist attraction. This country has over fifty museums which attract many millions of visitors each year. The Oude Kerk is an old church with little houses clinging to it’s sides. It remains a calm heaven at the heart of the freneric Red Light District. It’s buildings, especially the Gothic-renaissance style octagonal bell tower, was used by sailors to get their bearings. (http://www.amsterdam.info/entertainment/)
The Red Light District is a rough part of Amsterdam, but also popular. There are no cameras allowed in this part. This is a serious breach of etiquette. One of the district’s security crew may remind someone, ask them to leave, or maybe even break their arms. There are coffee shops where soft drugs such as marijuana and hash are available. It is illegal to buy them on the streets, however. If someone is caught doing this, they will make a trip to the police station. The Hash Marijuana Hemp Museum is owned by the sensi-seed bank. It is fairly small and goes through the history of the cannabis plant. There are also some plants growing on show as well as explantions of hash production, etc. Next to the museum is a seed bank where the visitor can buy quality cannabis seeds(for medical purposes of course.) (Http://www.amsterdam.info/entertainment/)
Europe has so many more great places to go, but to go over all of them would seem endless. Tourism has always had a huge part in society, and Europe may or may not always have as big of a part as it has had in the past. France being one of the reasons because of their conflict with America. Maybe in the future it will be better.