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Tourism in Vietnam Essay

Tourism is promoted by the governments of many developing countries because it offers the potential for creating jobs, thus generating income for the country and revenue for the gorvement. With its well-preserved cultural diversity and intact natural habitats, Vietnam has become a popular tourist destination among outdoor enthusiasts. There are several types of tourism available in Vietnam. We will analyze Vietnamese tourism and the impact of it to the national economics as below:

I. Overview of Vietnam tourism

II. Some types of tourism in Vietnam

1. Culinary tour
Overview of the Vietnam Food Culture
The role and how to exploit the value of food culture to attract tourists

2. Advanture and activities
3. Vietnam cruise
4. Culture and history
5. Luxury holiday

III. The impact of tourism to Vietnam economics
1. Positive effect
2. Negative effect
IV. Solution

I. Overview of Vietnamese tourism
Despite the fact that Vietnam faced many difficulties because of the economic downturn, in recent years, the country’s tourism industry continued to grow quite healthily. One of the main factors that supported this growth was intensive promotional activities of industry players, especially travel agencies, travel accommodation players and airlines. Indeed, many of these players used discounts and sweepstakes programmes as their key method to attract consumer attention. Tourism in Vietnam is a significant component of the modern Vietnamese economy. In 2012, Vietnam received more than 6.8 million international arrivals, up from 2.1 million in the year 2000. The annual increase represented a strong rebound from a slight decline in 2008 Great Recession. The Vietnam National Administration of Tourism is following a long-term plan to diversify the tourism industry, which brings needed foreign exchange into the country. Tourism is increasingly important in Vietnam. For backpackers, culture and nature lovers, beach-lovers and veterans touring the country for a long time, Vietnam has emerged itself as a new tourist destination in Southeast Asia and on is now on lists in magazines worldwide.

Hotel investors especially the potential of the 3000-kilometer-long coast line and the big cities. The tourism offer has been increasingly diversified. Local and international tour operators offer tours to ethnic minority groups, walking and bicycle tours, kayak trips and multi-country trips in particular in connection with neighboring Cambodia, Laos and Thailand. Vietnam government has taken many measures for promotion of tourism. Ministry of tourism provided incentives for converting normal hotels in luxury. Also an aggressive promotion of Vietnam tourism run on magazines and TV channels. As of 2013, the Vietnam government has intended to invest no less than $94.2 billion towards its tourism infrastructure. Vietnam’s tourism sector predicts 7.2 million international tourists and revenue of up to $9.1 billion for 2013. In 2013,according to Hayes & Jarvis, Vietnam was ranked top 7 most popular British long-haul destinations, outperforming Thailand.

II. Some types of tourism in Vietnam

1. Culinary tour
Along with exploring new cultures, one of the great joys of travel is the discovery of new cuisines. Those unfamiliar with Vietnamese food are in for a treat, as the national cuisine is flavorful, colorful and extremely healthy.

a. Overview of the vietnam food culture

Vietnam cuisine brings its own culture with North, Central and South. Each region has dishes with both local, influenced the practices of population and abundant natural conditions, creating a diverse culinary culture of the country. North: Northern Vietnam has long been influenced by its proximity to China. As the only part of the country that experiences four seasons, many dishes are only available on a seasonal basis. Overall, the food tends to be milder and lighter than that found in the rest of Vietnam. Central: The pundits claim that central Vietnamese cuisine is the most culturally authentic food in the country.

Heavily influenced by the imperial court cuisine of Hue, the food is generally spicy and well-seasoned. South: Southern cuisine is the most varied of the three. Rich in vegetables, rice and seafood, it has incorporated French, Cambodian and Thai influences into a style that is distinctively its own. It is generally more heavily seasoned, tropical and spicier yet sweeter than northern food.

b. Hue – the unique cuisine

The cuisine of Huế forms the heart of Central Vietnamese cuisine, but one of the most striking differences is the prominence of vegetarianism in the city. Several all-vegetarian restaurants are scattered in various corners of the city to serve the locals who have a strong tradition of eating vegetarian twice a month, as part of their Buddhist beliefs. Another feature of Huế dishes that sets them apart from other regional cuisines in Vietnam is the relatively small serving size with refined presentation, a vestige of its royal cuisine.

2. Advanture and activities

Adventure tourism is a type of niche tourism involving exploration or travel to remote areas, where the traveler should expect the unexpected. Adventure tourism is rapidly growing in popularity as tourists seek unusual holidays, different from the typical beach vacation. Mountaineering expeditions, trekking, bungee jumping, rafting and rock climbing are frequently cited as an example of adventure tourism.

Below is some famous adventure tours in Viet Nam: Sapa, Viet Nam: A great place for trekking tours:

Sapa is one of the most famous places for tours and holidays in Vietnam. Has been well-known as a great destination for trekking tours, it is a small town in maintain area in Lao Cai province. Located in a height of 1500 meters compared to sea level, Sapa is the hometown of five different ethnic groups: H’mong, Red Dao, Xa Pho, Tay and Giay. There is a great and wonderful mountain range called Hoang Lien Son which consists of Fanxipan Mountain, 3,143 meters height , the highest one in Vietnam. Sapa has been famous for trekking tours and holidays in Vietnam. Sapa privilege is a great choice for adventure and trekking tours because of perfect weather and climate. Travellers come to Sapa have wide ranges of choices for their trekking tours from 1 day to 9 days. With its stunning mountains, villages and beautiful Valley which is called Muong Hoa, Sapa provides some thing for everyone.

Mai Chau Puluong:

The most beautiful area in north west Vietnam, the moutaineus Pu Luong Nature Reserve presents a challenge to those who are fit enough to explore it. This is an area of outstanding beauty, an exciting mix of cultures, and rich biodiversity stretching from Mai Chau in the northwest to Cuc Phuong National Park in the southeast. The region is blessed with lush forest, vast limestone panoramas, magnificent rice terraces and breathtaking scenery. This is a challenging trek.

3. Vietnam cruise

As we knew, Vietnam tourism is more and more developing. And one of hot branches of tourism is cruise. Although Vietnam is a developing country, there are a lot of beautiful places, wonders in the world. Visiting Vietnam, tourist will enjoy and relax. In a long time, the proportion of tourists from the cruise incomes than the national tourism no significant changes, although coastal areas is territory has many advantages over the other territories of tourism resources … Vietnam sea tourism has yet to make a special appeal to tourists. Sea tourism potential- island Vietnam.

Marine tourism is becoming a strategic development of the tourism industry to take advantage of the landscape and ecology of coastal areas for economic development, increased income for farmers as well as increase the central budget and local . In a recent workshop on the management and development of marine tourism, the island of Vietnam, experts assert travel and tourism economy Sea Island is one of 5 breakthrough in the maritime economy and areas. With a coastline of over 3,000 kilometers, thousands of large and small islands, a series of white sandy beaches, blue water coastline are favorable conditions for Vietnam’s sea tourism development. Beaches, bays of Vietnam travelers worldwide known as Ha long Bay, Nha Trang or Da Nang beach was voted by Forbes Magazine as one of the most charming beaches 6 planets … are saying the pull of the sea to Vietnam for domestic and foreign tourists. Along the coast of Vietnam has about 125 beaches favorable for the development of tourism, the beach was over 30 investment and exploitation.

In particular, the maritime sector has great potential for development investment as Ha long Bay – Haiphong – Cat Ba; Hue – Da Nang – Quang Nam; Van Phong – Dai Lanh – Nha Trang; Vung Tau – Long Hai – Con Dao; Ha Tien – Phu Quoc; Phan Thiet – Mui Ne. With the terrain in between cruise tourism hub in the region are Hong Kong and Singapore, a country with a stable political economy of development, especially with the advantage of coastline with many monuments Nature and culture … a UNESCO Vietnam has a lot of advantages to develop cruise tourism. The seas, islands and coastal areas currently attracting a lot of tourists, has great potential for development should from now until 2020, the state agency will have to invest heavily in infrastructure, products, promotions … to 2020 marine tourism income reached 10 billion US dollars. Been blessed over 3.600km of coastline, Vietnam has many advantages for the development of cruise tourism. With the number of tourists to increase in recent years, tourism coastal areas have strong growth in revenue.

4. Culture and history

The history of Vietnam may be unfamiliar for most visitors, with the exception of Vietnam war period. Vietnamese people, however, have a lot of reasons to be proud of their historical heritage. Vietnamese are, in fact, one of the most ancient civilizations in Asia. Did you know that the first Vietnamese kingdom was founded nearly five thousand years before Vietnam war happened? It is obvious that if you want to understand the country, its people, traditions and the national character of the Vietnamese, you have to start your exploration with the knowledge of history of Vietnam. Visiting Tan Trao Historic Site to learn the August 1945 Revolution Tan Trao used to be the revolutionary base of Vietnam before the August 1945 Revolution. Today, Tan Trao is not only a historical area but is an attractive destination of Tuyen Quang for tourists in Vietnam travel as well. Tan Trao Historical Site is an ideal destination for those who like to discover historic sites as well as learn more about history of Vietnam.

Ao dai – the traditional costume of Vietnam

Áo Dài was once worn by both genders but today it is worn mainly by females, except for certain important traditional culture-related occasions where some men do wear it. Áo Dài consists of a long gown with a slit on both sides, worn over cotton or silk trousers.

5. Luxury holiday

What do you know about luxury tours? The definition of luxury travel keeps growing and changing. So what is a luxury vacation? It depends on whom you ask. But I can say that something that is an indulgence rather than necessity, sumptuous or expensive, abundance or great ease and comfort – these are all definitions of luxury.

The general situation of luxury tourism in Vietnam

Vietnam now has universe difficulty hotels and resorts, beachs and cuisine, in further to a healthy beauty, abounding story and normal culture. Today, luxury tours of Vietnam offer a lot of services to their customers such as: + Preferring rooms in Vietnam’s best luxury hotels and resorts. + Highly personalized itinerary planning.

+ Private guide and driver for in depth cultural touring based on customer’s interests. + Upon request, restaurant reservations, meetings with artists, cooking instructors and designers, shopping recommendations, spa reservations, tours with special-interest lecturers and exclusive access to local activities and cultural events. So luxury tourism is developing very quickly. On the other hand, the price of luxury tours is very expensive and only the richs can use that services. Some destination of luxury tours: Ba Na hill and Vinpearl Land are two of destinations of luxury tours in Vietnam. III. The impact of tourism to Vietnam economics

1. Positive effect

Although the tourism industry in Vietnam is still developing, it plays a key economic role in the country. Tourism attracts foreign investment and creates jobs. It also provides investment opportunities for small business owners. Shifting the Vietnamese workforce from agriculture to the services industry created by tourism growth presents the potential for higher disposable incomes and reduced poverty. Tourism in Vietnam benefits the hotel, construction and retail sectors as well as other service-oriented industries. A service-based economy requires higher education levels than a subsistence agricultural economy, since tourism sector jobs include receptionists, clerks and tour guides who must interact with the public and keep precise business documents. Seeking locally owned and operated businesses directs the most money to local economies.

2. Negative effect

Successful tourism relies on establishing a basic infrastructure, such as roads, visitor centers and hotels. The cost of this usually falls on the government, so it has to come out of tax revenues. Jobs created by tourism are often seasonal and poorly paid, yet tourism can push up local property prices and the cost of goods and services. Money generated by tourism does not always benefit the local community, as some of it leaks out to huge international companies, such as hotel chains. Destinations dependent on tourism can be adversely affected by events such as terrorism, natural disasters and economic recession

IV. Some possible solution

In the next phase, Travel Vietnam continues to maintain a sustainable development perspective with the aim of developing tourism actually become a spearhead economic sector, making Vietnam become an attractive destination and class of area. To achieve that goal, the tourism industry should focus on developing tourism quality, branded, highly professional and modern on the basis of optimal exploitation of resources and national advantages, to promote interdisciplinary, inter-regional and socialization, and the role of business dynamics. Identify target market segments for the purpose of travel and ability to pay;priority to attract tourists affordability high, purely for tourism, long stays.Development of the domestic market focused resort hotel, entertainment, festivals, shopping.

SOURCES:
http://www.trails.com/list_39950_impacts-tourism-vietnam.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page
http://aut.researchgateway.ac.nz/bitstream/handle/10292/769/Bui_DT.pdf;jsessionid=B63C881EC44FD2E13604E2E295CDBA48?sequence=4

PREPARATION
I. Overview of Vietnam tourism
1. Economy go down while tourism grows healthily

Despite the fact that Vietnam faced many difficulties because of the economic downturn, in recent years, the country’s tourism industry continued to grow quite healthily. One of the main factors that supported this growth was intensive promotional activities of industry players, especially travel agencies, travel accommodation and airlines. Indeed, many of these players used discounts and sweepstakes programmes as their key method to attract consumer attention. Tourism in Vietnam is a significant component of the modern Vietnamese economy. In 2012, Vietnam received more than 6.8 million international arrivals, up from 2.1 million in the year 2000. The annual increase represented a strong rebound from a slight decline in 2008 Great Recession. National Administration of Tourism is following a long-term plan to diversify the tourism industry, which brings needed foreign exchange into the country.

2. The importance of tourism in Vietnam economic

For backpackers, culture and nature lovers, beach-lovers and veterans touring the country for a long time, Vietnam has emerged itself as a new tourist destination in Southeast Asia and on is now on lists in magazines worldwide. Hotel investors especially the potential of the 3000-kilometer-long coast line and the big cities. The tourism offer has been increasingly diversified. Local and international tour operators offer tours to ethnic minority groups, walking and bicycle tours, kayak trips and multi-country trips in particular in connection with neighboring Cambodia, Laos and Thailand.

3. Promoting tourism

Vietnam government has taken many measures for promotion of tourism. Ministry of tourism provided incentives for converting normal hotels in luxury. Also an aggressive promotion of Vietnam tourism run on magazines and TV channels. As of 2013, the Vietnam government has intended to invest no less than $94.2 billion towards its tourism infrastructure. Vietnam’s tourism sector predicts 7.2 million international tourists and revenue of up to $9.1 billion for 2013. In 2013,according to Hayes & Jarvis, Vietnam was ranked top 7 most popular British long-haul destinations, outperforming Thailand.

2.Gap – filling
Vietnam government has taken many measures for …..of tourism. Answer: Development

II. Some types of tourism in Vietnam
1. Culinary tour
Along with exploring new cultures, one of the great joys of travel is the discovery of new cuisines. Those unfamiliar with Vietnamese food are in for a treat, as the national cuisine is flavorful, colorful and extremely healthy.

a. Overview of the Vietnam food

Vietnam cuisine brings its own culture with North, Central and South. Each region has dishes with both local, influenced the practices of population and abundant natural conditions, creating a diverse culinary culture of the country. North: Northern Vietnam has long been influenced by its proximity to China. As the only part of the country that experiences four seasons, many dishes are only available on a seasonal basis. Overall, the food tends to be milder and lighter than that found in the rest of Vietnam. Central: The pundits claim that central Vietnamese cuisine is the most culturally authentic food in the country. Heavily influenced by the imperial court cuisine of Hue, the food is generally spicy and well-seasoned. South: Southern cuisine is the most varied of the three. Rich in vegetables, rice and seafood, it has incorporated French, Cambodian and Thai influences into a style that is distinctively its own. It is generally more heavily seasoned, tropical and spicier yet sweeter than northern food. b. Hue – the unique cuisine

The cuisine of Huế forms the heart of Central Vietnamese cuisine, but one of the most striking differences is the prominence of vegetarianism in the city. Several all-vegetarian restaurants are scattered in various corners of the city to serve the locals who have a strong tradition of eating vegetarian twice a month, as part of their Buddhist beliefs. Another feature of Huế dishes that sets them apart from other regional cuisines in Vietnam is the relatively small serving size with refined presentation, a vestige of its royal cuisine. Questions: Name some famous dishes in three regions of Vietnam. North: (Phở, cốm, bún đậu mắm tôm)

Central: (bánh tai vạt, bánh bèo, mì quảng)

South: (bánh xèo, đuông dừa, thịt kho tàu)

2. Advanture and activities

Adventure tourism is a type of niche tourism involving exploration or travel to remote areas, where the traveler should expect the unexpected. Adventure tourism is rapidly growing in popularity as tourists seek unusual holidays, different from the typical beach vacation. Mountaineering expeditions, trekking, bungee jumping, rafting and rock climbing are frequently cited as an example of adventure tourism. Some famous adventure tours in Viet Nam: Sapa, Mai Chau Puluong Sapa, Viet Nam: A great place for trekking tours:

Sapa has been famous for trekking tours and holidays in Vietnam. Sapa privilege is a great choice for adventure and trekking tours because of perfect weather and climate. Travellers come to Sapa have wide ranges of choices for their trekking tours from 1 day to 9 days. With its stunning mountains, villages and beautiful Valley which is called Muong Hoa, Sapa provides some thing for everyone. Mai Chau: The most beautiful area in north west Vietnam, the moutaineus Pu Luong Nature Reserve presents a challenge to those who are fit enough to explore it. This is an area of outstanding beauty, an exciting mix of cultures, and rich biodiversity stretching from Mai Chau in the northwest to Cuc Phuong National Park in the southeast. The region is blessed with lush forest, vast limestone panoramas, magnificent rice terraces and breathtaking scenery. This is a challenging trek. Question:

Question 1: How many advanturing games do you know?
Answer: trekking, bungee jumping, rafting and rock climbing

3. Vietnam cruise

As we knew, Vietnam tourism is more and more developing. And one of hot branches of tourism is cruise. Although Vietnam is a developing country, there are a lot of beautiful places, wonders in the world. Visiting Vietnam, tourist will enjoy and relax. In a long time, the proportion of tourists from the cruise incomes than the national tourism no significant changes, although coastal areas is territory has many advantages over the other territories of tourism resources … Vietnam sea tourism has yet to make a special appeal to tourists. With the terrain in between cruise tourism hub in the region are Hong Kong and Singapore, a country with a stable political economy of development, especially with the advantage of coastline with many monuments Nature and culture … a UNESCO Vietnam has a lot of advantages to develop cruise tourism.

The seas, islands and coastal areas currently attracting a lot of tourists, has great potential for development should from now until 2020, the state agency will have to invest heavily in infrastructure, products, promotions … to 2020 marine tourism income reached 10 billion US dollars. Been blessed over 3.600km of coastline, Vietnam has many advantages for the development of cruise tourism. With the number of tourists to increase in recent years, tourism coastal areas have strong growth in revenue.

4. Culture and history

It is obvious that if you want to understand the country, its people, traditions and the national character of the Vietnamese, you have to start your exploration with the knowledge of culture and history of Vietnam. Visiting Tan Trao Historic Site to learn the August 1945 Revolution Tan Trao used to be the revolutionary base of Vietnam before the August 1945 Revolution. Today, Tan Trao is not only a historical area but is an attractive destination of Tuyen Quang for tourists in Vietnam travel as well. Tan Trao Historical Site is an ideal destination for those who like to discover historic sites as well as learn more about history of Vietnam.

Ao dai – the traditional costume of Vietnam

Áo Dài was once worn by both genders but today it is worn mainly by females, except for certain important traditional culture-related occasions where some men do wear it. Áo Dài consists of a long gown with a slit on both sides, worn over cotton or silk trousers.

Question:

Gap – filling:If you want to understand the country, its people, traditions and the national character of the Vietnamese, you have to start your exploration with the knowledge of……and……. Answer: culture/history

5. Luxury holiday

What do you know about luxury tours? The definition of luxury travel keeps growing and changing. So what is a luxury vacation? It depends on whom you ask. But I can say that something that is an indulgence rather than necessity, sumptuous or expensive, abundance or great ease and comfort – these are all definitions of luxury.

The general situation of luxury tourism in Vietnam

Vietnam now has universe difficulty hotels and resorts, beachs and cuisine, in further to a healthy beauty, abounding story and normal culture. Today, luxury tours of Vietnam offer a lot of services to their customers such as: + Preferring rooms in Vietnam’s best luxury hotels and resorts. + Highly personalized itinerary planning.

+ Private guide and driver for in depth cultural touring based on customer’s interests. + Upon request, restaurant reservations, 5 – star dishes, shopping recommendations, spa reservations, exclusive access to local activities and cultural events. So luxury tourism is developing very quickly. On the other hand, the price of luxury tours is very expensive and only the richs can use that services. Some destination of luxury tours: Ba Na hill and Vinpearl Land are two of destinations of luxury tours in Vietnam.

Question:

Question 2: What have Luxury Tourt of Viet Nam offered to serve their customers?

Answer:
Best luxury hotels and resorts
Highly personalized itinerary planning
Private guide and driver for in depth cultural touring based on customer’s interests restaurant reservations, 5 – star dishes, shopping recommendations, spa reservations, exclusive access to local activities and cultural events Super Text Twist Game:

1. The site of Miss Universe 2008 and Miss Earth 2010
2. A so called Panduranga, famous heritage
3. Tourist destination in Binh Duong
4. A beautiful island famous fish sauce
5. A historic temple, built in 1601 on the order of the first Nguyễn lords
6. Temple of literature, built in 1070
7. The forth largest city in Vietnam
8. The capital of resort in Vietnam

Answer:
1. Nha trang
2. Tháp chàm
3. Đại Nam
4. Phú Quốc
5. Thiện Mụ
6. Quốc tử giám
7. Cần Thơ
8. Mũi Né
Vertical : Tháp Mười

III. The impact of tourism to Vietnam economics
1. Positive effect
Although the tourism industry in Vietnam is still developing, it plays a key economic role in the country. Tourism attracts foreign investment and creates jobs. It also provides investment opportunities for small business owners. Shifting the Vietnamese workforce from agriculture to the services industry created by tourism growth presents the potential for higher disposable incomes and reduced poverty. Tourism in Vietnam benefits the hotel, construction and retail sectors as well as other service-oriented industries. A service-based economy requires higher education levels than a subsistence agricultural economy, since tourism sector jobs include receptionists, clerks and tour guides who must interact with the public and keep precise business documents. Seeking locally owned and operated businesses directs the most money to local economies.

3. Negative effect

Successful tourism relies on establishing a basic infrastructure, such as roads, visitor centers and hotels. The cost of this usually falls on the government, so it has to come out of tax revenues. Jobs created by tourism are often seasonal and poorly paid, yet tourism can push up local property prices and the cost of goods and services. Money generated by tourism does not always benefit the local community, as some of it leaks out to huge international companies, such as hotel chains. Destinations dependent on tourism can be adversely affected by events such as terrorism, natural disasters and economic recession.

Questions:

Question 3: Can you tell me the positive effect of tourism to Vietnam economy?

Answer:
key economic role in the country
attracts foreign investment
creates jobs
provides investment opportunities for small business owners
Shifting the Vietnamese workforce from agriculture to the services industry higher disposable incomes and reduced poverty
benefits the hotel, construction and retail sectors as well as other service-oriented industries

Question 4: Can you tell me the negative effect
of tourism to Vietnam economy?

Answer:
relies on establishing a basic infrastructure => fall on the gorvernment => tax revenues Jobs created by tourism are often seasonal and poorly paid
push up local property prices and the cost of goods and services Money leaks out to huge international companies
Destinations dependent on tourism can be adversely affected by events such as terrorism, natural disasters and economic recession.

IV. Some possible solution
In the next phase, Travel Vietnam continues to maintain a sustainable development perspective with the aim of developing tourism actually become a spearhead economic sector, making Vietnam become an attractive destination and class of area. To achieve that goal, the tourism industry should focus on developing tourism quality, branded, highly professional and modern on the basis of optimal exploitation of resources and national advantages, to promote interdisciplinary, inter-regional and socialization, and the role of business dynamics. Identify target market segments for the purpose of travel and ability to pay;priority to attract tourists affordability high, purely for tourism, long stays.Development of the domestic market focused resort hotel, entertainment, festivals, shopping.


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