Tourism is a composite of activities, services, and industry that deliver a travel experience, it is important to identify and categorized its supply components. The quality and quantity of these determine tourism’s success in any area. The components and supply element of tourism that has in the article that I read are three components which are accessibility, accommodation and attraction. Accessibility means reachability to the place of destination through various means of transportation.
Transportation should be regular, comfortable and safe. Example like airlines, train, and water transportation. The post World War II rise in automobile travel and the most recent increase in air transportation have heavily affected the patterns of tourism flows as well as destinations planning and development. Accommodation is a place where tourist can find food and shelter provided in a fit position to pay for it. There are various type of accommodation from a seven star hotel to a normal budget class hotel.
Pearce (1981) classified accommodations in three major components. First, the commercial sector, which is mostly represented by hotels, motels, and vacation villages. There is also the private sector, which includes second homes, time-sharing properties, and residential buildings used to host family members and friends. Last, there is a hybrid classification, defined by camping and caravanning activities, where private tents and campers or caravans are situated in areas—campsites— managed by business firms.
Attractions. This is an indispensable ingredient of tourism supply. In fact, all the other components of supply depend upon major tourist attractions. Attractions may be classified by ownership: nonprofit organizations, private businesses, and government agencies. Another classification is defined by the tourists’ length of stay: the Blue Ridge Parkway, a zoo, or an historic site are touring attractions whereas convention centers, beach resorts, or “Club Med” vacation villages are destination attractions.
The most widely used classification related to tourism attractions is based on the resource foundation criteria. This separates natural features—wildlife nature—from manmade structures— historical bridges, casinos, and amusement parks. Many intangible socio- cultural elements should be considered in classifying attractions, such as language, music, traditional cuisine, etc There is also the linkage between the supply and components of tourism that will determine the success of tourism.
While the demand aspect of publicly provided recreation and tourism-related have long held the spotlight of research, the supply or production side remains inexact and relatively unexplored. Example we focus on supply components of recreational resources and their link with tourism incidence in Wisconsin. The supply of recreation and tourism is a complex combination of natural amenities, recreational sites, access, and private sector business activity which is influenced by an array of factors that acts to provide opportunities that satisfy leisure-based travel demands.
Measures of recreational site density that account for both physical/geographic size and population, or social capacity are used as key explanatory variables in models of tourism dependence. Results suggest that tourism dependence in Wisconsin involve both recreational sites and natural amenities. Assessing tourism production without incorporation of these non-price latent inputs provides an incomplete characterization of the tourism phenomenon. From a theoretical perspective this study developed and tested a conceptual model for the measurement of destination attractiveness.
It added to the current body of knowledge by providing empirical evidence of meaningful correlations between supply and demand measures. Additionally, it proved that market segments perceive attraction dimensions differently. Prior research studies have used a number of measurements for assessing the overall attractiveness of a place or destination (Ferrario, 1979; Gearing etal. , 1974; Hu and Ritchie, 1978), but no attempt has been made to empirically evaluate the interplay between demand and supply attractiveness measures.
Based on my opinion I think that the tourism components and supply have an important role in determining the success of the tourism industry. This is prove by the relation they made together in building the tourism industry from the beginning of the tourism era long time ago. The tourism components cannot work alone without the supply of tourism in the tourism industry. This is because both of them need each other to run the tourism industry