Introduction: Women Entrepreneurs may be defined as the women or group of women who initiate,organise and co-operate a business enterprise. Government of India has defined women entrepreneurs as an enterprise owned and controlled by a woman having a minimum financial interest of 51% of the capital and giving atleast 51% of employment generated in the enterprise to women. The Indian women are no longer treated as show pieces to be kept at home.They are also enjoying the impact of globalisation and making an influence not only on domestic but also on international sphere.Women are doing a wonderful job striking a balance between their house and career. Here are a few:
Dr. Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw, Chairman & Managing Director of Biocon Ltd., who became India’s richest woman in 2004, was educated at the Bishop Cotton Girls School and Mount Carmel College in Bangalore. She founded Biocon India with a capital of Rs.10,000 in her garage in 1978 – the initial operation was to extract an enzyme from papaya. Her application for loans were turned down by banks then – on three counts – biotechnology was then a new word, the company lacked assets, women entrepreneurs were still a rarity. Today, her company is the bigget biopharmaceutical firm in the country. kiran mazumdar-shaw completed her schooling from the city’s Bishop Cotton Girl’s High School (1968). She wanted to join medical school but instead took up biology and completed her BSc Zoology Honours course from Mount Carmel College, Bangalore University (1973). She later did her post-graduation as a brewmaster in Malting and Brewing from Ballarat College, Melbourne University (1975).
She worked as a trainee brewer in Carlton and United Breweries, Melbourne and as a trainee maltster at Barrett Brothers and Burston, Australia. She also worked for some time as a technical consultant at Jupiter Breweries Limited, Calcutta and as a technical manager at Standard Maltings Corporation, Baroda between 1975 and 1977. She started Biocon in 1978 and spearheaded its evolution from an industrial enzymes manufacturing company to a fully integrated bio-pharmaceutical company with a well-balanced business portfolio of products and a research focus on diabetes, oncology and auto-immune diseases. She also established two subsidiaries: Syngene (1994) to provide development support services as an outsourcing firm for discovery research and Clinigene (2000) to cater to clinical development services. Her pioneering work in the sector has earned her several awards, including the prestigious Padma Shri (1989) and the Padma Bhushan (2005) from the government of India. She was recently named among TIME magazine’s 100 most influential people in the world. She is on the Forbes list of the world’s 100 most powerful women and the Financial Times’ top 50 women in business list. She is also a member of the board of governors of the prestigious Indian School of Business and Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad.
Priya Paul (born 1967), is a prominent woman entrepreneur of India, and currently the Chairperson of Apeejay Surrendra Park Hotels The Park Hotelschain of boutique hotels. she has a bachelor’s degree specialising in Economics from Wellesley College, USA. She entered her family business and is currently the Chairperson of Park Hotels. She joined the company, after finishing her studies at the Wellesley College (US) working under her father, as Marketing Manager at the Park Hotel, Delhi, at the age of 22.After the death of Surrendra Paul, she succeeded him in 1990 as the Chairperson of the Hospitality Division of the Apeejay Surendra Group.
Her contributions to industry and commerce, particularly in the field of Hospitality Industry have been repeatedly recognized and she has received several awards and citations, including the following: The Federation of Hotels and Restaurants Association of India conferred on her Young Entrepreneur of the Year award (1999–2000),She was nominated for The Economic Times Awards as the Businessperson of the year (2002–2003), andTatler magazine rated The Park (Bangalore, India), a part of her Group, as one of the 101 Best Hotels Worldwide in 2003.Priya Paul has been conferred with Padma Sri award by Govt of India on eve of the Republic Day, January 2012.
Neelam Dhawan Neelam Dhawan, Managing Director, Microsoft India, leads Microsoft India. She is a graduate from St. Stephens College in 1980,and also passed out from Delhis Faculty Of Management studies in 1982. Then she was keen on joining FMCG majors like Hindustan Lever and Asian Paints, both companies rejected Dhawan, as they didnot wish to appoint women for marketing and sales. She has become a pioneering figure in the IT industry of India. Neelam Dhawan has been working in the Indian IT field for the last twenty two years. Before coming to Microsoft, she worked in all the top IT companies in India such as HP, IBM and HCL. At Microsoft India, she is responsible for growing Microsoft’s products and services businesses and plays a key role in driving the company’s partnerships and strategic alliances.
Preetha Reddy Preetha Reddy, managing director of Apollo Hospitals (Chennai), one of the largest healthcare conglomerates of India, is one of the pioneer businesswomen of India in the segment of healthcare industry. In September 2012, she was elected to the board as independent director of medical technology company Medtronic. She obtained her Bachelor of Science degree in Chemistry from Madras University and Master’s degree in Public Administration from Annamalai University.
Ekta Kapoor Ekta Kapoor is the daughter of actor Jeetendra and Shobha Kapoor. Her brother Tusshar Kapoor is also a Bollywood actor. She did her schooling at Bombay Scottish School, Mahim and attended college at Mithibai College. She ventured into Bollywood movie production in 2001 beginning with Kyo Kii… Main Jhuth Nahin Bolta . Kucch To Hai and Krishna Cottage based on supernatural themes followed in 2003 and 2004. Kyaa Kool Hai Hum starring her brother Tusshar Kapoor proved to be her breakout hit and went on to become one of the highest earners of 2005. She then went on to co-produce Shootout at Lokhandwala with Sanjay Gupta which became her profitable venture at the box office.
Mission Istanbul and EMI – Liya Hai Toh Chukana Parega in collaboration with Sunil Shetty followed. The years 2010 and 2011 proved to be important for her with critical and commercial successes such as Love Sex aur Dhokha, Once Upon a Time in Mumbaai, Shor in the City, Ragini MMS, Kyaa Super Kool Hai Hum and The Dirty Picture. Her upcoming productions include Ek Thi Daayan, Shootout at Wadala,Lootera, Once Upon a Time In Mumbaai Dobara, Kuku Mathur Ki Jhand Ho Gayi, Ragini MMS 2, Shaadi Ke Side Effects, Milan Talkies, Main Tera Hero, The Villian and Badtameez Dil Nita Ambani Nita Ambani (born November 1, 1964) is an Indian business woman and the Founder-Chairperson of the Dhirubhai Ambani International School. She is wife of industrialist Mukesh Ambani. She is actively involved in various philanthropic activities in the fields of education, human resources and disaster relief. Nita Ambani also is the co-owner of the Mumbai Indians cricket team and is actively involved in Project Drishti, a social initiative taken by Reliance Industries (RIL) and National Association for the Blind. Nita Ambani has been associated with Dhirubhai Ambani International School since its inception in June 2003. She is the chairperson of the school which is located in Mumbai.
The school is counted as one of the premium schools in Mumbai and is one of the 37 in India that offer theInternational Baccalaureate Program. She has been heading the Dhirubhai Ambani Foundation, which is a non-profit organization primarily devoted towards the promotion of education and health care services for the poor and under privileged in India. She also serves on the board for Oberoi Hotels & Resorts. She remains as a Non-Executive director for the same. This is also the first honorary position to her outside of Reliance Industries Limited.