ScienceDaily is an online website which operates like a magazine. The purpose of ScienceDaily is to provide an online free access to information concerning basic, complex, and current concepts or issues that cover science, medicine, and technology. Majority of the articles are current published discussing recent discoveries or breakthroughs in various fields of science, medicine, and technology, making ScienceDaily one of the top annual fifty online websites as awarded by the editors of Popular Science.
The articles published by ScienceDaily are carefully chosen from various reputable, reliable, and valid sources like academic institutions and research organizations here and around the globe. One of the fields or categories wherein various articles are slated includes biochemistry. (“About this Site,” 2009) The remainder of this text will review, analyze, and discuss the contents of one of the articles published by ScienceDaily on the 25th of March 2007. The title of the article is “Scientists Progress in Successful Tissue Engineering,” published by ScienceDaily.
However, it was based on an abstract written by W. Landis, et. al. with the title “Human Chondrocyte-Seeded Tissue-engineered Scaffolds and OP-1 Effects. ” The authors of the abstract were from the College of Medicine in Northeastern Ohio Universities, and it was a part of a scientific and educational presentation for one of the most prestigious annual assemblies in Dental Research – the 85th General Session of the International Association for Dental Research. ScienceDaily obtained the abstract with permission from the International & American Association for Dental Research.
(ScienceDaily, 2007) Section 2 The article is a general summary of an abstract that tackles the role of tissue engineering in restoring the condition of various types of cells through the use of healthy human cells from cartilage. ScienceDaily confirmed that tissue engineering was developed for this particular purpose, and to accomplish the process efficiently, there is a need to support polymer scaffolds in order to restore the original condition of damaged cells.
The abstract which is the basis for the summary discusses the role of human cells obtained from cartilages or chondrocytes in developing scaffolds. Section 3 According to ScienceDaily, tissue engineering, as aforementioned constitutes the construction or reconstruction of cells and tissues as a means of repairing ones that were damaged or destroyed affecting human bodily functions. This particular process of construction and reconstruction requires the application of various cell types on polymer scaffolds.
These polymer scaffolds are designed in order to resemble the shape of tissues wherein cells shall be placed and engineered to grow as healthy and undamaged tissues. Once new and healthy tissues develop, the scaffolds disappear allowing it to take the normal shape or tissues. ScienceDaily also reveals that the main product being used in the process over the years have been obtained from non-human animal cells, which has yielded successful and excellent results on the construction and reconstruction of tissues found on human skin, bladder, cartilage, and such.
From the abstract obtained by ScienceDaily from the International & American Association for Dental Research, ScienceDaily recapitulates the success of scientists in utilizing human animal cells, instead of non-human animal cells, in tissue engineering. Apparently, scientists have conducted an experiment on tissue engineering utilizing human animal cells obtained from chondrocytes or the human cartilage to fill in polymer scaffolds.
The purpose for the experiment was to determine whether using human animal cells is efficient in drawing out desirable results from the process, and to identify whether applying protein, specifically the osteogenic protein-1 or OP-1, will enhance the growth of the human animal cells placed within the polymer scaffolds. The consideration of the OP-1 was based on a research study that revealed how it speeds up the process of growth and increases the production of chondrocytes.
If the assumptions of the scientists were true and the experiment successful, then it must mean that in order to improve or develop tissue engineering, it is best to use human animal cells from the cartilage and apply OP-1 in the process to speed up and increase the growth and production of chondrocytes within the polymer scaffold respectively, consequently yielding desirable and timely results to the construction or reconstruction of human cells and tissues to improve human bodily functioning.
The actual experiment, utilizing cartilage from the ankle of a deceased adult and applying OP-1, yielded positive results which confirmed that the process applied during tissue engineering is successful, developing and improving how it will applied for therapeutic purposes. Overall, the experiment contributes tremendously to the field of medicine in terms of how the health and wellbeing of individuals will be improved by the incorporation of advanced tissue engineering.
Moreover, the recent discovery of how tissue engineering was developed and improved through the experimentation of human animal cells and the incorporation of OP-1 paves way to the design and establishment of new research studies and scientific experiments that might enhance current findings and conclusions – such as the utilization of new catalysts other than the OP-1 or other types of cells aside from the chondrocytes obtained from cartilage – that might surpass their benefits and contributions to health care and medicine. Section 4
Biochemistry is field of science which studies the chemical processes that occur within living things or organisms, in this case, the human organism. This means that it concerns all the processes or interactions that occur between chemical compositions, compounds, elements, and such within the human body. The article, which tackles tissue engineering, is partially related to biochemistry since the primary process applied during the actual experiment to conclude the research study relied on the interaction of two components made up of chemical matter within the human body – chondrocytes and OP-1.
In this case, the chemical interaction between chondrocytes obtained from human cartilage and OP-1 speeds up the construction of cells and tissues within the human body. Section 5 For the most part, I have learned how tissue engineering works basically. By reading the article, I learned how tissue engineering relies on the growth and development of cells within polymer scaffolds which are designed to take the shape of human tissues.
At this point, I was amused by how my knowledge of a simple concept – that is, cells make up tissues, tissues make up organs, and so forth – I learned in basic science courses is incorporated to a complex scientific process or concept such as tissue engineering; this is since the dynamics of tissue engineering is based on the growth of healthy and normal cells to healthy and normal tissues.
More importantly, I have learned how tissue engineering is important to human life and that its improvement or development is highly beneficial and contributory to the health and wellbeing of human beings. The information presented were convincing enough as it presented valuable information that is easy to understand and analyze and that it is useful for human beings to learn since it concerns the development of medicine for our benefit and advantage.
Moreover, since the article was drawn by ScienceDaily from reputable academic sources as released with permission by a professional and reputable dental research organization, I believe that the article has proven its reliability and validity. In addition, although the article did not utilize graphs, diagrams, data tables, and other visual or graphical information for effortless comprehension or understanding, the significant information were clear – that is, the chemical interaction between chondrocytes and OP-1 yielded positive results for the growth of tissues under the dynamics of tissue engineering.
For this particular reason, I would recommend this article to other scientists and medical professionals who are looking into the prospect of contributing to the field of tissue engineering as it may provide them with insight on the kinds of chemical compositions, compounds, elements, etc. that have been proven to be contributory to tissue engineering, and look for ways by which the process might be improved or determine other human chemical compositions, compounds, elements, etc.
that might surpass the results of the combination between chondrocytes and OP-1. References “About This Site. ” (2009). Retrieved January 14, 2009, from ScienceDaily LLC. Website: http://www. sciencedaily. com/about. htm ScienceDaily. (2007). Scientists Progress in Successful Tissue Engineering. ” Retrieved January 14, 2009, from ScienceDaily LLC. Website: http://www. sciencedaily. com/releases/2007/03/070323114012. htm