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Thyroid gland Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism

Hyperthyroidism is a condition where the thyroid gland produces and releases excess thyroid hormones into circulation. On the other hand, hypothyroidism refers to a condition where the thyroid gland produces and releases inadequate amounts of thyroid hormones. Since thyroid hormones are important in the regulation of metabolism, too much hormone or too little thyroid hormones affects body tissues. The bodily functions affected by malfunction of thyroid gland are those that are regulated by thyroid hormones and they include body temperature, body fat metabolism, heart rate, oxygen use, and menstrual cycles among others (Rosenthal, 2000). Since these two conditions are the opposite of each other, there are several differences in the clinical and diagnostic findings that are observed in people with…