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Three barriers that influence your thinking Essay

Identify three barriers that influence your thinking and write at least 100 words for each, describing how you can overcome them.

1. Enculturation

Is the process by which people learn the requirements of their surrounding culture and acquire values and behaviors appropriate or necessary in that culture? As part of this process, the influences that limit, direct, or shape the individual include parents, other adults, and peers. If successful, enculturation results in competence in the language, values and rituals of the cultural Enculturation is the process where the culture that is currently established teaches an individual the accepted norms and values of the culture or society where the individual lives. To be able to look through a cultural lens (like “walking in someone else’s shoes”) from the emic (inside)perspective, rather than the etic (outside) perspective, is KEY to overcoming bias, prejudice, and critically evaluating our own perspectives and enculturation.

2. Ego Defenses

In psychoanalytic theory, when an individual is unable to integrate difficult feelings, specific defenses are mobilized to overcome what the individual perceives as an unbearable situation. The defense that helps in this process is called splitting. Splitting is the tendency to view events or people as either all bad or all good.[1] When viewing people as all good, the individual is said to be using the defense mechanism idealization: a mental mechanism in which the person attributes exaggeratedly positive qualities to the self or others. When viewing people as all bad, the individual employs devaluation: attributing exaggeratedly negative qualities to the self or others.

3. Emotional Influences

While people may engage in critical thinking as they work through a problem, often the final decision is based largely upon emotion. When people engage in emotional thinking, they act according to how each option makes them feel, allowing their emotions to reign almost entirely over their decision-making. For an example , if a soon to be college student is trying to determine what university he or she should choose, the final decision would come down to how he or she feels about the university. That shows how emotion influences Critical thinking. To overcome emotional will be best if they were control.

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