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Therapy Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Gestalt and Cognitive Perspectives

Gestalt therapy and cognitive therapy seem like vastly different approaches to psychotherapy; and they are. It is interesting to note, however, that they do have a few aspects in common. Both approaches focus on the client’s present state or the here-and-now. Gestalt and cognitive theories do not avoid the past but only view it as it relates to the present. Both approaches also emphasize self-awareness as a means of therapeutic change (Beck & Emery, 1985; Perls, 1973). Another shared aspect is the use of imagery and psychodrama. Gestalt therapy’s empty chair technique and cognitive therapy’s use of goal rehearsal are both good examples of this (Beck & Emery, 1985; Perls, 1969). That being said, there are a number of important…

Principles of Feminist Therapy

Feminist theory, especially as it applies to feminist therapy is broad and complex. Yet, several common threads could be recognizable. Chapter 1 of the book helps feminist counselors and therapists in identifying the differences and the similarities of various threads of feminist theory and therapy. In spite of the differences, it would be more important to look at the common threads and ideas uniting these principles and theory. This way, therapists would be able to apply the best of what feminist therapy has to offer. The following issues are some of the highlights of the common threads in the field. With feminist therapy, unequal power and victimization is one of the leading issues. If these are not addressed properly, anger…

Carl Rodgers

Carl Rodgers was born in Illinois, Chicago On January 8th 1902. The fourth of six children he was educated in a strict religious environment. His early career choices included agriculture, history and religion, giving serious thought into joining the Ministry until the age of 20 when he began to re-evaluate his life and beliefs and went into teaching. Whilst earning his MA and latterly a PhD he embarked on the field of child study, especially that of cruelty to children and trying to help with prevention of cruelty to children. In later life while a professor of psychology at the University of Chicago he set up a counselling centre in which he carried out research and went onto put into…

35 months after the therapy

This proposed study will determine the effectiveness of PTSD treatments on selected samples. In studying the effectiveness of selected PTSD treatments on trait- and trauma-related anger and guilt, the research will investigate whether or not the effect of the interventions differed from pre-treatment severity of anger or guilt. Research Questions The study is designed to ascertain the effectiveness of PTSD treatments. In order to do this, the following will be the specific objectives. What is the psychosocial profile of the survivors in terms of age, civil status, highest educational attainment, employment, and history of violence? 2. What are the pre- and post-treatment trait- and trauma-related anger and guilt among the rape survivors? 3. Is there a significant difference in both…

A Personalised Induction Will Always Be More Effective?

The main parts of a hypnosis screed are induction, deepener and the hipnotic suggestions. It depends of the therapists whether they personalise one or more parts of the screed or not. Both decision have their own benefit, while personalisation is suspecious at building a good relationship with a patient and may enchance the successe of the session, a non-personalised screed quicklier, more categorical and like this may save a lot of time for therapist and patient. The conselling and therapeutic approach must be suitable not only for the patient but the therapist as well, otherwise the whole screed going to be strained, unnatural and most likely unsuccessful. There are many different approaches and everyone of them have advantage, so anyone…

The Validity of Recovered Memories

The sudden recovery of repressed memories from a traumatic event such as childhood sexual abuse can be both validating and confusing for clients that are seeking help with various problems. These new memories might be able to help client identify the cause of their feelings and issues that are affecting their life. However for others it can be a very difficult time because of the conflicting emotions about the abuser. Worst of all when dealing with the recovery of repressed memories they may be all together false. The accuracy of recovered memories in regards to sexual abuse is low and can come with significant consequences. These false memories can be very harmful to the client as well as anyone falsely…

Theories and Models in Case Management Worksheet

Reality Therapy Emphases on treating inappropriate behavior by improving relationships with world around them. The client is to form a plan and practice actions that offer a solution to their behavioral issues for present and future references. Created by William Glosser who alleged that inappropriate behavior is something that needs to be address rather than excused because of past occurrences. Behavior Therapy Focuses solely on how a person’s emotions effect their behavior. It is the process of identifying and bring awareness to the client in effort to change the way they react to emotions thus altering their behavior. The client has to be willing to participate and set goals to improve behavior. A leading advocat of Behavior Therapy is Joseph…

Cognitive Behavioral Intervention Approach

Designed for students diagnosed with emotional and behavioral disabilities (EBD) there are a numerous amount of intervention strategies and methods that can be used to implement and help students build their self-management skills. These intervention strategies are used with the intention of students ultimately learning how to control their behaviors in and out of school. Consequently, self-sufficient intervention approaches are a supported and efficient method of delivering pertinent and significant supports to students with EBD. Advocates of cognitive behavioral intervention (CBI) substantiate the communal correlation amid views and behaviors as a central credence of their method. Students engross in self-management methods when utilizing CBIs. Strategies included in CBIs are self-instruction, self-monitoring, self-reinforcement, self-control, and self-evaluation (Yell, Meadows, Drasgow, & Shriner,…

The Bowenian Approach to Family Therapy

Abstract This paper will summarize the theory of family systems developed by Murray Bowen. It will describe the eight key components to Bowenian therapy and the techniques used during practice. Strengths and limitations will be exposed, followed by a summary of the importance of integration between psychology and family systems theory. Keywords: Bowen, integration, family systems theory Part I Introduction Bowen family systems theory is based on the view that the family is an emotional unit. The theory uses systems thinking to describe the interactions and relationships within the family. Given families are deeply emotionally connected, family members can influence each other’s thoughts, feelings, emotions and actions. The connectedness of the members of a family provides for each person to…

Support Clients

Answer the following questions in your own words. Answer each question briefly but fully – using bullet points or lists in place of continuous sentences if you prefer. You may refer to your textbook or learning materials if necessary but must not copy from them. Do not work with, or share answers with, other students in this course when completing this assignment task. 1. List the common aspects of effective counselling therapies. 2. Identify five common counselling therapies and briefly explain the principles of each. 3. Identify the key techniques used in each of the five common counselling therapies listed in question 2 and briefly explain their impact on the client. 4. Identify the benefits of each of the five…

Creative Arts Therapy

A study was performed in the United Kingdom in 2012 to evaluate the usefulness of creative therapy for dementia patients. Creative therapy can include art, dance, and music, and movement. There is a wide range of pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic interventions that can be used with dementia. The use of arts or creative therapy has been proven to be useful with dementia patients. This would be useful in routine health care to help patients with agitation and affected verbal expression also. It has positive effects on mental health, specifically self-esteem, well-being, recovery, and perception of pain. Reminiscence therapy is also effective in improving mood and cognition. This study was carried out in two community units that provided day treatment and inpatient…

History and Physical Examination

Admitting Diagnosis: Stomatitis possibly methotrexate related Chief Complaint: Swelling of lips causing difficulty swallowing History of Present Illness: This patient is a 57-year-old Cuban woman with a long history of rheumatoid arthritis. She has received methotrexate on a weekly basis as an outpatient for many years. Approximately two weeks ago she developed a respiratory infection for which she received antibiotics and completed that course of antibiotics. She developed some ulceration of her mouth and was instructed to discontinue the methotrexate approximately 10 days ago. She showed some initial improvement but over the last 3-5 days has had malaise, a low-grade fever and severe oral alterations with difficulty in swallowing although she can drink liquids with less difficulty. Patient denies any…

Provide support to continue recommend therapies

Outcome 1 understand the importance of supporting individuals to continue recommended therapies 1.1 Analyse the potential of recommended therapies to an individual`s health and wellbeing. All of our students have a disability, this could be physical, mental and medical and therefore will need some kind of support during their time with Treloars. Treloars provide a variety of support for example:- they have teams of physiotherapist, occupational therapist, hydro therapist, nursing team, counselling team and specialist carers that are trained in all aspects of therapies so that they are able to carry out the therapy’s that required by the individuals. It’s important that Treloars provide this support because it’s supporting the student’s health and well-being and as most of our students…

Persuasive Speech

When signing up to be an organ donor you usually think only your major organs will be used; however, something as small as a ligament of yours is used in popular surgeries such as anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions. When someone tears their ACL they usually have a choice to have an autograft, or use one of their own ligaments, but they can also choose to have an allograft, or take a cadaver’s ligament to repair it. Each has it’s advantages and disadvantages, but I personally think that the better option is the allograft because I think the advantages are better than using your own ligament from another part of your body. The advantages consist of faster operative time, less…

Ethics In Group Counseling

Abstract This essay provides information about ethics, as defined and regulated in the practice of counseling or therapy sessions. Furthermore, this essay looks closely at the intricacies of ethical issues in counseling and group therapies and how these compare to the ethical issues in individual therapies. It also touches on the importance of co-leadership in group therapies and the dynamics of the relationship between the leader and the co-leader. This essay also covers in great detail, the reasons why therapists prefer to conduct group therapies over individual therapies and vice versa. Ethics in Group Counseling Ethics – Defined Ethics has various meanings. Many counselors see ethics as a code of conduct or a set of moral values. Some counselors emphasize…

Ethan Frome Dialectic Journal

“The village lay under two feet of snow… in a sky of iron the points of the Dipper hung like icicles and Orion flashed his cold fires…the white house-fronts between elms looked gray against the snow, clumps of bushes made black stains on it…” (Wharton, 26). The very beginning or initial description of the setting of the story already gives it a feeling of isolation. Especially with it being presumably in the winter as the village is buried beneath snow and everything just seems and appears so cold and lonely. It reminds me of those movies or stories in which the world has ended and there are no people left, although there are people still inhabiting this village it still…

Audience Analysis Memo

Per the week one assignment, I have reviewed and compared two Websites offering information on the same subject. My chosen subject is kidney disease and hemodialysis and the source Websites are: The National Kidney Foundation (http://www.kidney.org) and The Merck Manual-Professional (http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional). When reviewing the National Kidney Foundation site, I initially had difficulty determining who the intended audience actually was. You can’t help but notice, a significant goal of the page is to generate donations. The donations tab is highlighted with a blue border against an orange background. The information tabs are simply white print against the same orange background. That being said, there is also well prepared information regarding kidney disease and hemodialysis intended for the general public. The Website…

Dreams In Group Therapy

Dreams have been employed in psychotherapeutics and psychoanalysis because these mental activities are considered to provide information on the unconscious activities of an individual’s mind. However, several researchers have expressed that the interpretation of dreams has lost some of its more meaningful significance, mostly due to the appearance of other psychoanalytical topics such as transference and countertransference. Dream therapy has been used to generate impressions on the personal level of psychoanalysis. Dreams have also been actively employed in group therapy, although such application to a specific size of group has major differences (Friedman, 2002). Firstly, there is a functional distinction between the interactions that occur between an individual and a therapist and the interactions between a group of individuals with…

Bowen Family Systems, Structural, and Strategic Models

Bowen Family Systems, Structural, and Strategic Models Theory Application The case study of Ana will be analyzed using the Bowen Family Systems Theory Approach. Bowen Family Systems Theory is a theory of human behavior that views the family as an emotional unit and uses systems thinking to describe the complex interactions in the unit (Kerr, 2000). This paper will discuss the concepts of the theory that is appropriate for this case study; the reason this theory was chosen over the other ones; counseling goals and intervention strategies in accomplishing those goals; and designation of short or long term counseling. This paper will also discuss the counselor’s role with Ana; the client’s role in counseling; the population this theory is most…

Couples Therapy

In any marriage relationship, it is usual or rather natural to have some adjustments in its early stage. This is so because there is a high degree of expectations in both parties; and so, because these expectations are mostly “unrealistic,” to modify or adjust them are somewhat difficult to both sides. It is a fact that when two individuals come into a marriage union, they bring with them two different perspectives in almost all respects. Marriage and the fruit of the union – the family – is the basic unit of society and regarded as one of the most principal institutions of the social order. When marriages fail and families disintegrate, there is without a doubt a “ripple” effect on…

Emotionally Focused Therapy

To love and be loved in return is essential for an individual’s happiness. In accordance with many other aspects of life, marital status as been linked to influencing ones life in a positive way; making it happier (Stack, Eshleman, 527). The problem with this is that not all marriages stay healthy and good. With divorce rates raging from 40%-50% in the United States, there ends up being a gap in the happiness of many (Marriage and Divorce, 1). One path that some pairs choose is couples therapy. Unfortunately, generalized couples therapy can be tricky in the way that there is not enough empirical data and it proves difficult for a therapist to know what to do, when to do it,…

The Calgary Family Assessment Model

The purpose of this paper is to incorporate one family’s experience of living with multiple chronic illnesses into the Calgary Family Assessment Model (CFAM) and Rolland’s Chronic Health Challenge Framework. CFAM was developed by Dr. Lorraine M. Wright, a professor Emeritus of nursing and by Dr. Maureen Leahey, a manager of a mental health outpatient program both have over 25 years experience while still managing to supervise, teach, consult, write, and maintain a part-time clinical practice in individual, couple, and family therapy (Moxie, 2007). CFAM allows nurses to assess families during interviews. CFAM is a multidimensional framework consisting of three major categories: structural, dimensional and functional. (Wright & Leahey, 2005) Each category has its own subcategories, with the ability to…

Clinical Psychology OCD treatment and approaches

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) has a cognitive-behavioral component that includes a distortion of an individual’s environment. OCD has similar components to many anxiety disorders. Anxiety is a result of a disrupted and dysfunctional thought patterns. Anxiety produces adverse reactions affecting the nervous system and an overload of stimulation. Research suggests a genetic predisposition and hormonal malfunction can contribute to an individual’s suffering from OCD. The obsessions of OCD are impulses an individual cannot control. The individual affected by OCD feels the only relief from the compulsions is to complete the rituals to relieve the anxiety. The behavioral components associated with obsessive thoughts and impulses produce ritualistic practices. The emotional components from a psychodynamic perspective have possible implications from early childhood with…

Evaluate the claim that Person-centred

Evaluate the claim that Person-centred Therapy offers the therapist all that he/she will need to treat clients. In this essay I am going to look at whether person-centred therapy offers the therapist all they will need to treat a client. I am firstly going to focus on a brief history of person-centred therapy, then look at the characteristics and key elements of person-centred therapy. Once I have done this I shall look at criticisms of person-centred therapy from other writers and then go on to form a personal evaluation to whether it is effective or not. In the field of counselling and psychotherapy there are many different theories which are used to help in the treatment of the client, one…

Clinical vs Counseling Psychology

Abstract The purpose of this paper is to compare and contrast the primary goals of a clinical psychologist and a counseling psychologist, explain perspectives on treatment similar and how are they different, and discuss the educational requirements for each. This paper will also discuss what type of setting are we likely to find each, identify which professional association each would be affiliated with as well as which Code of Ethics regulates each professional and explain the advantages and disadvantages to each of these professions. Primary Goals of Clinical Psychologist Assessment – This includes interviewing, observation and testing; all clinical psychologists need to be thoroughly trained in this area and should be able to choose the correct type of testing/method when…

Person Centered Therapy

Abstract As a challenge to the incumbent directive and interpretive approaches of behaviourism and psychoanalysis therapies, person-centered therapy has revolutionised the direction of counselling theory and practice. As the name implies, person-centered approach views clients as the ultimate agents for self-change. It assumes that humans are essentially positively motivated and can be trusted to make their own decisions to shape, direct and take responsibility for the way they live their lives. Since its conceptualization by Carl Rogers, person-centered therapy has yield successful treatment outcomes across the world. However, as with all therapies, there are inherent strengths and weaknesses. The obvious strength of this therapy is the emphasis of centrality on the client, who is able to find his solutions to…

Family Therapy

Family Therapy is very important in many families and homes for several reasons. Family therapy helps many families with communication issues and it helps to resolve major family conflicts. Family therapy also assists family members become able to relate to one another in a positive way. Family therapy also helps families going through traumatic events such deaths, divorces, and major illnesses. Family therapy can involve certain members of the family or the entire immediate family. Family therapy services are offered in several different settings. Introduction into Family Therapy After studying psychology for a semester, I’ve learned that there are many different types of psychology that physiologist use to diagnose, evaluate, and understand their patients. Family Therapy is a form of…

Signs and symptoms of schizophrenia.

Most people go about their day without worrying about how difficult seemingly simple tasks can be. However, some people in this world can’t do things like watch television, talk on the phone, or converse with co-workers without professional help. Approximately 54 million Americans suffer from some sort of mental illness per year and a very few of those suffer from a chronic, severe disorder called schizophrenia. Experts are not sure on the exact causes of schizophrenia. Many say it is a mixture of genes and environment. What is known for sure are the signs and symptoms of schizophrenia. The most common positive symptoms are hallucinations, delusions, dysfunctional thinking, and some movement disorders. Hallucinations are things a person sees, feels, smells,…

Why is the initial consultation so important

In this essay I will be discussing why an initial consultation in hypnotherapy is so important. I will be talking about the questions a hypnotherapist should ask their client and the ethical factors and contraindications the therapist should be looking out for. Whether a person is aiming to improve their self-esteem or reduce their anxiety the hypnotherapist will need to understand the client before proceeding with the therapy. I will show that an initial consultation is always a huge must before carrying out proceeding sessions on a client but there are also cons on regards to the factors that the therapist may face. The initial consultation begins from the very first time you have contact with a client from either…

Why is the initial consultation so important

In this essay I am going to look at the importance and purpose of the initial consultation between the client and the therapist and what happens during this preliminary session. I will also cover the ethical definitions that will need to be explored and established, to ensure the safety and wellbeing of both the client and therapist. Hypnotherapy refers to an “interaction between two people, one of whom is identified as the hypnotist, the other as the subject” (Heap and Naish) The relationship between these two is paramount in ensuring the success of the follow on hypnotic sessions and the hypnotist and subject have to develop a good rapport and feelings of mutual trust, respect and warmth for the sessions…