A Theoretical Framework are theories that is formulated to explain, predict, and understand phenomena and, in many cases, to challenge and extend existing knowledge, within the limits of the critical bounding assumptions. The theoretical framework is the structure that can hold or support a theory of a research study. The theoretical framework introduces and describes the theory which explains why the research problem under study exists. There are three topics that will be discussed: (a) the background on domestic violence and the different reasons why women stay, (b) the criminal justice system and how the laws need to be reformed in order to protect individuals against this type of violence, (c) the health risks that are associated with domestic violence, and (d) how domestic violence affect the children and family.
Domestic Violence is a physical, or emotional, sexual abuse that is performed on a spouse or a child. Domestic violence is a sense of controlling the other person in the relationship. Most people don’t understand that most of the time violent attacks against women are committed by someone they know. According to the FBI there are about 1,500 women killed each year by husbands or boyfriends. Laws on domestic violence vary by country. Domestic violence is generally outlawed in the Western World, this not the case in many developing countries. To begin with, let’s talk about the background on domestic violence and the different reasons why women stay. Well, most women have a hard time leaving an abusive relationship no matter how drastic it is. Some women who leave their homes have difficulties with living in poverty and other sorts of dilemmas in that nature. Often, violence can be from the man and the women.
In addition, some women admire the person who’s abusing, or at least love them initially. Some men who are abusive aren’t 100% percent hateful, but they can also be loving and passionate. Women who are abused can sometimes be left with emotional or physically bruises. Women are at the highest risk of injury or violence when they are separating from or dividing from a partner. The partner could be intimidated by the women leaving and the consequences of her leaving. Studies show that it takes individuals a long time to give up all hope in a relationship, and eventually realize that the knowledgeable idea is to leave. Next, the criminal justice system and how the laws need to be reformed in order to protect individuals against this type of violence. Honestly, there isn’t enough support from the higher power to create laws against abuse. Does millions have to die from this in order for officials to take charge? Everyday a person is abused so some there should be a law put in place to take care of the individuals. They have created the bully law where it states that bullying is prohibited. Subsequently, bullying is in the same concept as abusing and so is domestic violence.
They all share the same consequences and reasons most of the time. It is only recently that domestic violence has been considered a violation of the law. Although men have battered, abused and mistreated their wives or intimate partners for a long time, historically, wife or partner abuse has been viewed as a “normal” part of marriage or intimate relationships. Only towards the end of the twentieth century, in the 1970’s, has domestic violence been defined a crime, justifying intervention by the criminal justice system. Thirdly, what are the health risks that are associated with domestic violence? The health risk of domestic violence on a victim’s health is severe. In addition, the immediate injuries from the assault can be drastic. Battered women may suffer from chronic pain, gastrointestinal disorders, psychosomatic symptoms, and eating problems. Although psychological abuse is often considered less severe than physical violence, health care providers and advocates around the world are increasingly identifying that all forms of domestic violence can have a devastating physical and emotional health effects.
Domestic violence is also associated with other mental health problems such as anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, and depression. Women who are abused suffer an increased risk of unplanned or early pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV/AIDS. As trauma victims, they are also at an increased risk of substance abuse. According to a U.S. study, women who experience intimate partner abuse are three times more likely to have gynecological problems than non-abused women. From Violence against Women: Effects on Reproductive Health, Outlook, vol. 20, no. 1 (September 2002). Other evaluations have shown that there are significant obstetric risk factors associated with domestic violence. Abused women are more likely to have a history of sexually transmitted disease infections, vaginal and cervical infections, kidney infections, and bleeding during pregnancy. These can also be all of which are risk factors for pregnant women.
Abused women are more likely to delay prenatal care and are less likely to receive antenatal care. Finally, how does domestic violence affect the children and family? Close your eyes and think as if you’re coming home with your kids from a long day and you walk in to an upset husband or spouse. He’s so angry that he doesn’t have a stalwart state of mind. Your spouse then abuses your kids and you can’t control the situation. He then later on attacks you. How would you as a whole, meaning you and your kids, feel emotionally and physically about the situation? How would this affect the family? Family violence is typically the most popular violence crime in America. According to Physical Violence in American Families, “just over 16%, or one in six, American couples experienced an incident involving physical assault during 1985” (Straus & Gelles, 1992). Children who has witnessed this behavior or who has even been in it have issues. Many issues range from low self-esteem, depression, stress disorders, poor impulse control, and feelings of being powerless.
Women also have these similar issues when it comes to domestic violence. So in cessation, the effects of domestic violence on our society are obviously enormous, but are impossible to measure. Our entire nation suffers. You can see the effects at bus stations, fast-food restaurants, and schools. You can see it on television and in jails. You can see it in people’s faces on the street – hopelessness, pessimism, hard-headedness, meanness. A person’s spirit is priceless, and a broken spirit costs more than can be measured in dollars. Still, think about the cost of domestic violence in terms of just dollars and cents, and it’s devastating. Abuse victims need medical care. Up to 54% of women are seeking emergency services, up to 66% of women are seeking general medical care, and up to 20% of women are seeking prenatal care report experiencing domestic violence.
17 Victims of abuse also require mental health care. There is an enormous cost to the state in the form of time spent by law enforcement officers, courts, lawyers, public health workers and more. There is cost to social welfare organizations in the form of money and donated time to staff and run shelters, counseling services, hotlines, and more. The educational system is required to provide specialized services to children suffering from attention and behavioral problems resulting from domestic violence.
Now think about the fact that children growing up in a house with domestic violence will grow up and require medical care for stress-related illnesses, mental health care for anxiety, depression, panic, and shock. They will likely end up costing the state money in the legal system, they will earn less than their peers because of their academic difficulties as children, and they may have also lost the optimistic and risk-taking qualities necessary to become successful. Unfortunately the kids that this has happened to will likely raise kids that will continue their cycle. It’s sad to say, but is disastrously true.
Adverse Health Conditions and Health Risk Behaviors Associated with Intimate Partner Violence — United States, 2005. (n.d.). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5705a1.htm Domestic Violence and the Criminal Justice System: An Overview. (n.d.). American Nurses Association. Retrieved from http://www.nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/ANAMarketplace/ANAPeriodicals/OJIN/TableofContents/Volume72002/No1Jan2002/DomesticViolenceandCriminalJustice.html Domestic Violence. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://vantageproed.com/viol/viol.htm Retrieved from http://www.stopvaw.org/health_effects_of_domestic_violence