Ethics is a set of beliefs about right and wrong behaviour. Ethical behaviour conforms to generally accept social norms. Ethics is a philosophical study of the moral value of human conduct and of the rules and principles that ought to govern it. A social, religious, or civil code of behaviour considered correct, esp. that of a particular group, profession, or individual. Under this is: * A virtue is a Habit that inclines people to do what is acceptable. * Vices are Habits of unacceptable behavior. * Value system is a Scheme of moral values.
Values are a belief, a mission, or a philosophy that is meaningful. Whether we are consciously aware of them or not, every individual has a core set of personal values. Values can range from the commonplace, such as the belief in hard work and punctuality, to the more psychological, such as self-reliance, concern for others, and harmony of purpose. Attitudes can be defined as a positive or negative evaluation of people, objects, event, activities, ideas, or just about anything in your environment, but there is debate about precise definitions.
2. ETHICS FOR I. T WORKERS AND I. T USERS 3. 1 I. T PROFESSIONALS Profession is a calling that requires Specialized knowledge and Long and intensive academic preparation. Partial list of IT specialists are Programmers, Systems analysts, Software engineers, Database administrators, Local area network (LAN) administrators, and Chief information officers (CIOs). 3. 2 I. T USERS IT user is a person for whom a hardware or software product is designed. IT
professionals’ duty is to Understand users’ needs and capabilities, Deliver products and services that best meet those needs, and Establish an environment that supports ethical behaviour by users. 3. ETHICAL DILEMMA/ISSUES IN THE CYBER-WORLD 4. 3 PRIVACY INVASION The legal term “invasion of privacy” refers primarily to a person’s right to keep his or her life private and free from the intrusion of others. It is often associated with a public figure’s right to be left alone by the media, although many public aspects of a celebrity’s life are not protected.
Invasion of privacy charges are usually presented in a civil lawsuit against an organization that has crossed a perceived line into a celebrity or other person’s private life, or have used his or her likeness or name in an unauthorized public manner. It would be more likely that a national tabloid would face an invasion of privacy lawsuit than a private citizen. 4. 4 SECURITY As a condition is the degree of resistance to, or protection from, harm. It applies to any vulnerable and valuable asset, such as a person, dwelling, community, nation, or organization.
Establishing or maintaining a sufficient degree of security is the aim of the work, structures, and processes called “security. ” 4. 5 THEFT Theft is the taking of another person’s property without that person’s permission or consent with the intent to deprive the rightful owner of it. Some crimes against property, such as burglary, embezzlement, larceny, looting, robbery, shoplifting and fraud. In some jurisdictions, theft is considered to be synonymous with larceny; in others, theft has replaced larceny.
Someone who carries out an act of or makes a career of theft is known as a thief. The act of theft is known by terms such as stealing, thieving, and filching. 4. 6 COPYRIGHT INFRIGEMENT Copyright Infringement is the unauthorized use of works under copyright, infringing the copyright holder’s “exclusive rights”, such as the right to reproduce, distribute, display or perform the copyrighted work, spread the information contained within copyrighted works, or to make derivative works.
It often refers to copying “intellectual property” without written permission from the copyright holder, which is typically a publisher or other business representing or assigned by the work’s creator. 4. 7 UNFAIR COMPETITION Unfair competition in a sense means that the competitors compete on unequal terms, because favourable or disadvantageous conditions are applied to some competitors but not to others; or that the actions of some competitors actively harm the position of others with respect to their ability to compete on equal and fair terms.
It contrasts with fair competition, in which the same rules and conditions are applied to all participants, and the competitive action of some does not harm the ability of others to compete. Often, unfair competition means that the gains of some participants are conditional on the losses of others, when the gains are made in ways which are illegitimate or unjust.