Villages are the backbone of a nation. The sky scrapers in cities and in metropolitans are having their root in villages and being strait and majestic because of the backbone, villages. Villages are the mirror of one Nation’s virgin culture, social life and natural beauty. Development of a nation is a complete one only with development of villages.
If you see the early history of India, villages are in a vital position in determining the economic condition of kingdoms. But after the invasion of British the condition changed. The village economy was crushed by the Whites for their own economical interests. The artisans, weavers and the workers of cottage industries were forced to give up their professions and to move away from the villages; because of the economic policy of the Whites. The only community which left out in villages, without any support, was the farming group. That too suffered with heavy taxation and brutal suppression. This led the wiping out of entire farming sector in the villages. Big industrial towns and cities were begun to grow at the cost of villages.
After the independence the Government gave much important to the villages and the rural economy, agriculture. First five year plan was formulated entirely for Agriculture. The condition of the rural side slowly improved. Green Revolution and other programmes were introduced with targeting agriculture and development of the villages.
The lives of scores of the people in India are intertwined inseparably with the rural life. The socio economic study of a village has been undertaken with the objective of understanding the various complexity and dynamics at work in an Indian village. The living condition of a village comprises of factors like social, economic, political, cultural, religious and environmental aspects which together influence the lives of rural people. The importance of study of village lies in the fact the village presents a microcosm which reflects the larger reality.
This study sensitizes towards problems faced by village people, their socio economic condition, and their cultural aspects, their perceptions about the present world and their health and educational condition. This study also looks into the questions, whether the Green Revolution and other major development programme has really positive impact in rural economy, whether the latest mantra “Globalization and Information & Technology” has pulled the villages to an elevated position.
Kottanathampatti is a village in the Melur taluk of Madurai District, I selected this village for my socio economic study based on many criteria, mainly it is an agrarian village and nearly 80% of the workers and marginal workers are employed in agricultural sector. The village is a compact one and having less than 2000 population, that too include all communities except Scheduled Tribe.
I have made a comprehensive survey and tried to analyse the infrastructure, demography, economic condition, education, health and other aspects of this village. I hereby submit the report based on the analysis.