There has been urbanization problems in caused by the fact that the economy has grown in urban areas as a result of increasing population dramatically. The problems create several issues in urban areas. On the other hand, the concept of sustainable development means that the economy continues to grow while preserving the environment. In this essay I would like to discuss why the current urbanization problems can be solved by the policy of sustainable development.
Firstly, there is a limitation of space in urban areas, because some people immigrate to the area to find a job and to study at school. The area grows after the population is concentrated in one area, and more buildings and living places are needed. Therefore, there is a lack of playground for children, park, and nature. In my opinion, some facilities such as playground and park can be constructed on the buildings to use the space effectively.
Secondly, increasing the private car dramatically in the city affects to human health and the environment negatively. Because, the car emits not only too much carbon dioxide, but also toxic gas. I reckon that the government should construct public transportation which produces less pollution and is more convenient for the people. Furthermore, they need to make rules to pay a fine if people use a petrol car in the city.
On the other hand, some countries in Africa do not have sufficient infrastructure, for example providing enough resources to the local people. Improving their economy dramatically in Africa is difficult, because they cannot produce their products stably with influence in the lack of power. Therefore, some companies and buildings own private power generators which give off too much gas and smoke. Unfortunately, in case the situation continues, their economy may not only grow, but the environment also will be damaged. In my view, the government should build the public power plants using wind or solar power by investment from other developed countries. If they can appeal their growth economy for the future, some developed countries will invest them by choice.
In conclusion, the policy of sustainable development which uses the space effectively, takes green public transportation without petro car, and uses solar or wind power may solve the current urbanization problems. The policy does not only need at present, but it is also important for next generations.