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The social class structures of the Byzantine, Gupta, and the Caliphate Empires Essay

The Byzantine, the Gupta and the Caliphate empires had different social class structures. In the Byzantine Empire, the rule was strictly hierarchical (Meri & Bacharach 64). In the caliphate empire, the caliph was the head seconded by other administrators chosen as desired. The caliphate was more into religion than to administering power. The emperor also known as the ‘Grace of God’ was the leader of the empire. In the Gupta Empire, the rule was by royal families. The order of succession was determined by the age of the eldest son.

Only in the Byzantines there existed slavery. The upper class consisted senior military officers, state aristocrats and people with large pieces of land. In the Gupta Empire, the first class comprised of the head of gupta, scientists and scholars of literature and math’s (Meri & Bacharach 68). In the caliphate the first class consisted of the caliph and other religious leaders who assisted him in administering the rule. The middle class among the Byzantines consisted of the industrialists local traders while the lower class consisted of the salaried people.

The Gupta Empire was the most civilized among the three empires. The caliphate empires did not recognize women in the society like the gupta. In the gupta empire women were allowed to read and work as midwives. The role of women in the Byzantine was to bring up children and give pleasure to men. The faith among the Byzantines was strictly Christianity. The caliphates consisted of Muslim and later Chinese. In the gupta it was Hinduism and Buddhism. Works cited Meri, W. Joseph. , and Bacharach, L. Jere. Medieval Islamic civilization: an Encyclopedia. Routledge: New York, 1987


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