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The Roman Republic and Imperial Rome Matrix Essay

As the Romans traveled on many conquests they came in contact with some highly developed cultures, especially the Greek lifestyle, which encouraged the spread and development of their innovations in architecture, engineering, literature, and art. Gave those it conquered a stake in Roman victory

The Roman Republic was the period of the ancient Roman civilization when the government operated as a republic. The Romans established the Pax Romana for favorable trade. However, maritime trade was broader at the time of the empire than at any time before the nineteenth century. Imperial Rome

27 BCE–476 CE

As time progressed the romans became highly skilled and their cultural developments progressed more and more … Although they stuck to traditions they made things more tasteful to suit their lifestyles. The Imperial system changed the condition of the provincials. The volume of trade in the empire brought into being the most advanced financial system in the ancient world. Banking had been practiced in Rome since at least the days of the 2nd Punic War. During the imperial period, the financial industry was very active. They financed the grain fleets, large-scale mining and other major business operations.

Summary Questions

Write a 100- to 200-word response for each question.

What was life like for each social class?

Life for each social class was different. Roman society changed immensely over time as Rome expanded from small city-state to a huge empire. The senators were on top of the social class that included members of the council of state and their families. These people were probably all members of the class of Patricians, a group of hereditary aristocrats etc. The equites came after the senate class and they were originally those in the army who could afford to own a horse. They were the middle class of Rome. Then there were ordinary Roman citizens that were below all of the other classes that extended out all over. Compare the political structures of the Roman Republic and Imperial Rome, including the main figures of government.

Comparing the two political structures of the Roman Republic and Imperial Rome, it is clear that both governments were not that different, but the imperial system had times when it acted more in the favor of the common man than the Republic did. The Roman Republic was run by a collection of documents that collectively acted as a constitution while the Imperial system was ran by a strict dictatorship behind a quasi-constitutional framework. Both the Roman Republic and Imperial Rome created governments that were distinctly their own inventions that were very successful in their own ways. What was the most significant cause for the change from a republic to an emperor–state?

The most significant cause for the change from a republic to and emperor- state was solely due the functional system difference, the republic was unable to control the vast empire while the imperial system could. The problems raised by the Roman republic’s size were that it was not able to control the military, which was a problem that led to many Civil wars and murder. In contrast with the Imperial repressive powers vested in an emperor combined with a small personal army were enough to control the military. It is evident that much of the key expansion of the Roman Empire occurred while it was still a Republic and Rome was an empire long before it was imperial it is clear that change was somewhat necessary. What led to the fall of Imperial Rome?

Many things led to the fall of Imperial Rome. The invasions of the Visigoths, Huns and others on the east, served as an occurrence to the final collapse. There were also internal causes that led to the fall which had to do with the emperors being weak, the overly ambitious propaetors and their jealousy towards one another, and so many other factors contributed. Julius Caesar ignited the imperial period and Augustus shaped it. However, all that this history is telling us is that all empires at some period and time does decline and fall.

Which form of government was most successful? Why?

Both governments were successful at implementing change in their government systems. However, in my opinion, the Roman Republic was the most successful government because the Roman Republic established a form of government that was copied by several countries for many centuries. In fact, the government of the United States is based partly on Rome’s model. The Roman Republic developed some unique approaches as to how they ran things in their time. With their government being set up the way that it was made it easy for them to accomplish and conquer new citizens. The Roman Republic designed a system that not only worked but they made it inviting to those interested in becoming a part of their government.


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