The prophet of Arabia, Muhammad, has accomplished for his subordinates a responsibility to be a distinguished prophet, a responsible statesman, a good author, and a reformer. Due to his good doings and accomplishments, Muhammad gained respect and veneration from innumerable people whether they are Muslims or not all over the world. Muhammad was born to be a prophet carrying a message for his people. This message was primarily of religious beliefs targeting the awareness of fundamental or basic social, economic, and political transformation.
He had founded a religion that was not hindered by any bickering faith or hindrance to a particular person’s relations with God or to his colleague. He was a true prophet and at the same time, a successful reformer. Muhammad’s beliefs encountered the Jewish and Christian religion. With this, he convicted himself that while Allah had already disclosed himself partly through Moses and Jesus. The decrees followed by Muslims are in Islam’s holy book called Qur’an. Muslims, like the Christians and Jews base their beliefs primarily from the Qur’an.
It is considered that Jewish people, Christians, and Muslims are ‘people of the Book’ whose faith is greatly influenced by their respective ‘scriptures’. While Muhammad was preaching the beliefs of one God, he was also active for social reform. Although Muhammad was preaching and advocating social reform at the same time no other message is so meticulously highlighted from the revelations Muhammad received from Allah with too much emphasis on equality and social justice. The Culture of Islam
Ever since its early days of founding, Islam has gone through geographical separation into several divisions at different times based on ethnic commitments and local or regional dynasty establishment. Islam is not considered to be the main force that unifies at all scales. Islam is considered to be more operable when implemented on national and super-national scale. The believers of the religion Islam form a community called ‘umma’. There are certain actions that are considered to be the ‘Pillars of Islam’.
These are: 1) Shahada or the testimony that there is no other god but Allah and Muhammad is the prophet of God; 2) the Salat or the daily ritual prayers; 3) the Zakat or the obligation for almsgiving; 4) the Sawim or fasting once a year during the month of Ramadan; and 5) the Hajj or the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a Muslim’s lifetime. Muslims also believed in Jihad or the fulfilment of the order given by Muhammad that Muslims should fight all men until they say the Shahada. Jihad is also done when there are dangers that threaten the umma.
Muslims consider Jihad as an obligation which is equal to one of the pillars of Islam. They see Jihad as a form of defense rather than a form of aggression. The Ka’aba The Ka’aba is a cuboidal architechture located at Mecca, Saudi Arabia which is regarded as the most sacred site by Islamic believers. According to the Islamic tradition, the Ka’aba is the first building at Mecca and was built by Abraham. All Islam believers face towards the Ka’aba each time they pray, regardless of their location on the world.
Ka’aba is also known as the “primordial house” or the “Sacred House”. The sacred infrastructure contains a black meteorite called the “Black Stone” which is believed by Muslims to exist during the time of Adam and Eve. Hajj pilgrims attempt to kiss the Black Stone because of the fact that Muhammad once did that particular action. Bibliography: Tignor, Robert, J. Adelman, et al. Worlds Together, Worlds Apart: A History of the Modern World from the Mongol Empire to the Present 2nd ed. New York: W. W. N
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