Critical thinking is when exercising or involving careful judgment or judicious evaluation. (Version 3.0.3) This means you take all the facts to narrow down the decisions of a situation or problem. In critical thinking there are six types of thinking, as described by psychologist Benjamin Bloom. They are remembering, understanding, applying, analyzing, evaluating and creating. (Ellis, 2015, p. 205)
The process in which to use the six types of thinking is a three-step process of checking your attitude, checking for logic and checking the evidence. (Ellis, 2015, p. 205) This process will help you move through the six levels with more ease. Checking your attitude helps you in keeping an open mind and also being open to others point of views. While checking for logic, it can help you see assertions and assumptions in most situations. Checking for evidence requires you to find proof. To find the proof you must ask more in-depth questions, look in books and check other sources to find the evidence.
According to my Ethical Lens Inventory Report my preferred lens are rights-responsibility and results lens. This means I balance reasoning and intuition to determine how to full fill my duties while achieving the greatest good for each individual. My blind spot is that I believe that my motive justifies method or that my own good is good enough. This means that sometimes I fail to be accountable to those who are depending on me when I exercise my free will. This also means I may unintentionally cause people to be upset or in pain because I am so focused on my good motives, that I don’t see the problems with my methods.
I believe my personal ethics influence my decisions by valuing rationally and sensibility equally. I believe that while there are universal principles, each situation is unique, and not all exceptions can be categorized, which for me the best solution seems to be both, consistent and flexible. I seem to prioritize the value of autonomy over equality. My primary concern is protecting individual rights.
The applications of ethics in professional settings are usually detailed in employee handbooks. The company Code of Conduct is usually included in the handbook. Companies might also have a separate Code of Ethics that is tailored to their profession. While the topics are generally the same, the description of expected behavior is tailored to the specific industry. Thus, a handbook for a business might be slightly different than a handbook for a hospital or government agency because the situations the employee faces will be different. (Baird, 2014) The applications of ethics in a societal setting can be when you become a member of a community, such as a nation, state, or even a city or town, passes laws and ordinances that all people are expected to follow. Again, the topics are similar but may have slight differences based on the value commitments of the community. For example, one community may permit concealed weapons in certain situations while another community would never allow concealed weapons outside of a home. (Baird, 2014)
Anderson, L. W., & Krathwohl, D. R. (2001). _A Taxonomy For Learning, Teaching, and Assessing: A Revision Of Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives_. New York, NY: Addison Wesley Longman.
Baird, C. (2014, May). _Correspondence of Code of Conduct and Handbook-1_. .
Retrieved from http://myresource.phoenix.edu
Ellis, D. (2015). _Becoming A Master Student_ (15th ed.). Retrieved from The University of Phoenix eBook Collection database.
_Merriam-Webster Dictionary_ (Version 3.0.3) [Computer Software]. Retrieved from http://i.word.com