Skinner box is a chamber that contains a bar that an animal can compress in order to obtain food or water as a type of reinforcement. In addition it contained a device that recorded each response provided by the animal. The propose of the box was by using the device researchers could carefully study behavior in a very controlled environment.
Skinner Air Crib
In an effort to help his wife cope with the day to day tasks of child rearing, Skinner thought he might be able to improve upon the standard crib. It was one of his most controversial inventions, and was popularly mischaracterized as cruel and experimental. The crib was often compared to his operant conditioning chamber, crudely known as the “Skinner Box.” This association with a system of experimentation and pellet rewards quashed any success. It was designed to make early childcare simpler. For example to greatly reduce laundry, diaper rash, cradle cap, etc. In addition to encourage the baby to be more confident, mobile, comfortable, healthy.
Classical conditioning is a learning process that occurs through associations between an environmental stimulus and a naturally occurring stimulus. In Pavlov’s classic experiment, the neutral signal was the sound of a tone and the naturally occurring reflex was salivating in response to food.
1. The Unconditioned Stimulus
The unconditioned stimulus is one that unconditionally, in nature, and automatically triggers a response. For example, when you smell one of your favorite foods, you may immediately feel very hungry.
2. The Unconditioned Response
The unconditioned response is the unlearned response that occurs naturally in response to the unconditioned stimulus. In our example, the feeling of hunger in response to the smell of food is the unconditioned response.
3. The Conditioned Stimulus
The conditioned stimulus is previously neutral stimulus that, after becoming associated with the unconditioned stimulus, eventually comes to trigger a conditioned reaction.
4. The Conditioned Response
The conditioned response is the learned reaction to the earlier neutral stimulus. For example, the conditioned response would be feeling hungry when you heard the sound of the whistle.