The city, which is a spiritual capital of Poland, is a destination for religious pilgrimages from many countries all over the world, mainly because of the majestic and outstanding central place, dominating over whole area, called: the Monastery on a Jasna Gora.
The place makes an enduring impression on all who visit it, since it is both mystical and delightful. One can not help but be impressed by architecture and a workmanship of the buildings as well as by the fascinating history. It has the enormous importance for all Polish people, since each individual person has visited or is going to visit it, having in mind thanking for all the goods that happened in their lives, or asking, or even begging for something particular to happen, but sometimes just to see the site where it is believed that miracles take place.
The monastery was founded by Prince W”adys”aw, in the year 1382. However, the most memorable date is 1855, which came to the history, as the place was defended against the Swedish invasion then. Furthermore, the monastery’s church was first raised as a gothic hall, and then, because of the needs of congregation, redeveloped to the basilica. The one hundred and six meters high, containing five hundred and nineteen steps tower, gives a possibility to see the breathtaking views from its top. The main central goal- the chapel of “Matka Boska Czestochowska” includes an early-baroque main alter.A fabulous, surrounded by common honor, painting of God’s Mother, known as “Czarna Madonna” is placed there. This outstanding, picturesque view unfold before people’s eyes , and it is long-drawn, majestic ritual of opening, taking place few times a day with the sounds of rataplans.
Unfortunately, the painting is not an original, since the one was destroyed by enemies, but it’s an exact copy.Moreover, when entering the chapel one must be struck by the grandeur of an iron grating. The Jasnogora’s Church is also very precious with its baroque alter, great Dankard’s frescoes and valued decorations. What is more, there is so great number of goods that viewing them all probably takes whole day. In the Knight’s Hall, there are located an eye-catching collections of paintings and banners. Moreover, they are supplemented by militaries and national relicts, like the royal crowns, or even by a Turkish tent captured by the king Jan III Sobieski.
To sum up, if one is keen on seeing an interesting place with a countless number of elaborate architectural features from different centuries, starting with walls remembering days of a martyrdom and unforgettable days of glory, as well as experiencing spiritual exultation, visiting Czestochowa with its Jasna Gora is a must.