The Industrial Revolution (1870 to 1920) led to various improvements in the social and economic conditions of the Canadians. The Industrial Revolution basically brought in a lot of positive changes for the people and after this only, progress in various fields such as agricultural and manufacturing, etc. became visible that in turn brought an overall improvement in the lives of the people by improving their social and economic conditions. However, it was not just Canada that benefited the impact of the Industrial Revolution but the entire world was able to reap the benefits.
The most important and prevalent feature of the Industrial Revolution was the generation of wealth that led to modernization of the living style of the people. However, in the case of Canada the people who had more capital than the others became wealthier while the other population remained the same. The reason behind this was that the people who have capital made a different social class in the society while the working force (the labor force) of Canada did not get many benefits and only the people from the business class were in the position to survive well.
The school going children were taught to be more obedient and to be punctual i. e. the mannerism that must be adopted at work was inculcated in the students. This therefore proves that the most emphasis that was given during this era was on how to generate more profits for the employers and the ways in which productivity could be increased. The employer mostly regarded their employees as machines and made them do work like machines as they wanted the best of their effacing at work.
However, the workers who worked hard for the employers’ whole day were not even compensated fairly. It was however true that some of the provinces in Canada greatly benefitted from the Industrial Revolution that took place from 1870 to 1920, however some of the provinces such as Maritime Provinces of Canada suffered heavily and this was mainly because this was the hub for ship building but now after this Revolution the ships were mostly built with steel and not with wood.
However, not enough equipment was available to the workers in this area in terms of technology due to which it lost its importance economically. Other than this, there were many other provinces such as Nova Scotia and New Brunswick where the technology for not available for the progress of the people but in the areas where technology was available, they progressed heavily. British Columbia was one such place in Canada that progressed economically after the Industrial Revolution.
Mining, forestry and agriculture were the three main areas that made the most revenue for the economy of Canada and it was when Canada began to import these especially timber to the rest of the places in Canada further improved the transportation system in Canada as the introduction of trains further enhanced the conditions in the country. Later in 1911 when the hydro electricity was introduced, it further aided in making the economy more strong and as Ontario and Quebec were the hub of the powerhouses during 1980’s, these two places progressed rapidly and also resulted in a very rapid growth in the population.
This was because the people who used to work in the farms previously moved onto the cities in order work as they could see large opportunities of work in the cities especially in the factories. However, due to this the rent of the houses became higher due to which the people had to share houses with the others and due to this the working class also began to send their children for work in order to fulfill their needs and this led to the exploitation of the children until a law was passed by the Factory Act that banned the employers to hire boys and girls below twelve and fourteen years of age.
The progress in Canada made the classes of people more evident especially the high class and the working class. The people in Canada who were oppressed the most were basically the people who were from the working class and this is because previously their main source of income was from the farms they worked. Moreover, they were most dependent on the pigs they owned so that they could sell them and make their living especially in the winter season when work is not available readily. However, it was the wealthier group in Canada that banned the ownership of the livestock that enforced the people to buy commodities.
I would therefore conclude by saying that the impact of the Industrial Revolution (1870 to 1920) on the social and economic conditions Canadians was both favorable and unfavorable but the classes that were affected by the former or the latter were actually the ones who had to face the outcomes. The business class was the one that benefitted the most but the working class was actually exploited. (Francis, Jones & Smith, 2006). Reference Francis,D. R. , Jones, R. & Smith, D. B. (2006). Journeys: A History of Canada. Thomson.