In what ways is coca central to Quechua identity? How is this centrality enacted through rituals and other means? How do the runakuna use and think about coca?
Religious and social purposes that demonstrate their cultural lifestyle
Universal (Spiritual) = despacho being a ritual sacrifice
Communication to the earth
Regulations are dominate because of the sense its ritual
Relations + focus
Metabolism provides hallpay = coca chewing
Blowing the phutuy and kintu
COCA IS A MEDIUM FOR CONNECTING = EARTH, SCARED PLACES, ANCESTORS + SOCIETY
Distinctive marker of their cultural identity
Provides ritual work
How would you characterize the worldview of the runakuna (people) of Sonqo? What are its key elements? What are examples that Allen uses to describe the place of complementary opposition in the lives of people in Sonqo? How does their worldview differ from your world view?
Their world view sustains a natural influence believing that most of
Inanimate objects that are messed with sustain consequences
Men and women have similar relationships through the use of work.
Widower are destroyed and wont be able to maintain a working mind
Married individuals sustain a well worked relationships
Pachamama is alive = recognition is required when earth is harmed
SAMI (UNDERPINS THE ENTIRE NOVEL)
– Animating essence or energy and ALL ANDEAN RITUALS are aimed at holding, controlling and directing the flow of sami.
– Great circulatory system = water, light, living, dead and interaction with others.
– Abstract idea – materially manifested but what’s different? People don’t posses sami rather something that passes through. Fundamental to their worldview
– controlling, holding and directing the flow = rituals
KEY DIMENSIONS OF THE QUECHA WORLDVIEW
Both are needed to become a unity
Qhari = men
Warmi = women
_EMBEDDEDNESS_ = male and female component that are used to become a whole
God became a distant figure due to the lack of power and proximity.
_SUN + MOON are more VALUABLE_
What kinds of forces are threatening the cultural identity of the Quechua people and, in particular, the significance of coca in their world view?
Regulations and governmental influence corrupt their perspective worldview
Coca is transmitting into money therefore forcing the people into labor
How do the people in Sonqo conceptualize space, time and history?
Time is discontinuous = series of stages punctuated by apocalyptical interruptions
Describe the organization and purposes of two rituals that take place in Sonqo. What are rites of passage? Give one example of a rite of passage in which the Sonqeños participate?
Force ritual: they have a feast celebrating the lives of the dead by allowing an individual to eat meals.
When they get full the poop that comes out goes back to earth becoming the fertile land they walk on
Describe three examples of reciprocity in action in Sonqo.
Earth and people: giving back to the earth and in return they get good
Man and woman: Men provide the hard work, labor and sources of food whereas the woman take care of the household + provide nurturing atmosphere
Ayn: equality between work and labor force (Chapter 6)
Regarding family values – when you protect someone in return they get honor and prestige
Think about the way that Catherine Allen wrote this book. Did it make you care about the individuals portrayed in it? Why or why not?
Provides an insight perspective towards the people regarding:
Work + labor
The audience gains an understanding of what nature represents and the value towards the theme of “reciprocity”
The first hair cutting ceremony = godparents become the support system
Exchange of cocas
Triangle: collaboration with parents
Despachos = special meal 3 times a year that represents a sacrifice to earth
Gain good luck and prosperity
Demonstrate the value and recognition of Gods
Force Feeding = eats for the dead soul and prays
The title = Bronislaw Malinowski
“Get off the marianda”
Interacting with people
Study man and concentrate the values
She chose not to concentrate on the political, economical and social issues of the Peruvian people
Coca and coca chewing holds the people together
Expresses the their worldview
Powerful medium for divining and dividers