The history of education is dated way back during the industrial revolution. There was need for individuals to be taught on new modes of production and skills so as to improve their production skills and capacities. In the modern society, an increased used of technology has enabled the world to change industrially, economically, socially and culturally. The 21st century students in the education institutions have benefited the most in terms of the advancement of new technologies in the classrooms (Bruce 1999).
For example, the word internet was unheard of in the ancient times but today many people including the teachers have been exposed and have access at the classroom and home setup of this facility. This paper takes a critical look at the history of education and the impact of new technologies in the classroom today.
The education history dates back to the industrial revolution. According to Dewey (1916), “Democracy and Education and history of education”, were introduced due to the fact that people were to be prepared for the factory jobs in the agricultural sector.
Schools were built to carter for the mass production outlook. The education system was quantifiable and efficient enough for the students to face the economical demands. In the ancient times, the scholarly men who by default became teachers, they taught their children the skills to take up their roles as leaders and businessmen. Canfucious (561B. C. ) was the first private teacher in history; people sought him to teach their sons. He taught the students who were eager o learn how to develop responsibility and moral character through discipline.
In the ancient Greece, Canfucious held the seat of philosophy and wisdom. Men who were learned continued to convey knowledge using the scribes of the Bible, they taught law. The 1st AD Roman families had educated slaves, some from other countries to teach their children. In the modern world, it tended to hit and miss its main objectives until the middle ages the Roman Catholic Church taught their sons special education at designated learning centers. They eventually became most distinguished learning institutions including the Cambridge University 1284 ST.
Peters. The greatest growth of education was seen in the 17th and the 18th century especially for the most privileged in the society. There was also an increased number of the training of teachers and propounding of educational theories. In another case study carried out by Dewey (2001), he explained that the American education started after the landing of pilgrims in 1600s. 1n 1635, the first public school was established in Boston. They were then followed by invention school of dame and Latin grammar school for higher education.
Law was enacted in 1642 by Massachusetts on education restructuring that all children who were not educated properly were to be apprenticed to trade where Virginia took the same law in 1646. All the towns were required to follow the law act enacted in 1647”old delude Satan act” stipulating that all families with more than 50 families to hire tutors for reading and writing and those with more than 100 families hah to form grammar schools which acted as college preparation. Latin grammar school concentrated on Greek, memorization and moral up bring where they taught by ministers and transient masters.
Students were thrashed canned and punished in whipping posts which were situated out side the school compounds. Women were taught to read and write at the dame school as this was all they were not expected to be at same educational level with the men. They took their lessons in their work places as they were expected to continue with their house cores. Higher education was established in early 1700s where the curriculum college preparatory and the university institutes were broadly expanded.
However there was inequality in classes. In 1749, Ben Franklin formed the concept of an academy for English and classical books. High school were originally formulated in 1821 where terminal school was one of then for the male over the age of 12 years and above the law of “education fray” was enacted stipulating that families with constituent members of 500 people were to create high school with prescription on curriculum and those with over 4000 members to teach Latin, Greek and other subjects.
In 1820s and 30s agriculture boarding schools were formed and established to fulfill the necessities of idle and enhance marl in students in the cities. At the beginning of the 20th century, parents and the community would begin to exact more practical and practical curriculums, and in so doing, may have helped promote teaching to a reputable career. More and more systems of education were developed globally to carter for the industrialization, social welfare and the economy.
Dr. Bruce D attributed technology as the use of modern facilities such as computers, tape reorders, use of cameras in the classroom. The use of technology today has resulted into innovative, efficient system of learning in schools. A question exists, is the use of technology justified in classroom today? The answer to this question can be related to our educational history and its’ evolution. The early man lived in a hunting and gathering groups of people whose brain developed special capabilities for social affiliation, symbolic representation and basic communication.
Our way of life developed through interactions in the society without written language. With the development of written language, the cultures of human beings changed influencing the brain development to innovative technologies. Technologies effects has enabled, just as the brain, individuals to process symbolic representations, store and process information. This was not experienced hundreds of generations ago. Classroom should be retrofitted with the internet, laptops to create a portable classroom.
His can be integrated if research is continually used hence the students are exposed to a wealth of information in getting obscure topics, school libraries, books and magazines (Bruce 1999). According to Alan (2001), the modern technologies are very effective, reliable and powerful with respect to the educational institutions today. For example the use of television, videos, movies, computers attract and maintain the attention of the young students in the classrooms.