1. Explain what functions racial beliefs serve for the dominant group according to the functionalist perspective. Conversely, explain what dysfunctions to society are caused by prejudice and discrimination. The functionalist perspective emphasizes that parts of society are structured to maintain its stability. Racist ideologies believe they have a moral justification for maintaining a society that usually deprives certain groups of their rights and privileges. Some of the Racist beliefs or ideologies relieve the dominant group of the responsibility to problems faced by subordinate groups like education or any social problem such groups might have. There are lots of ways racism is dysfunctional to a society, racial prejudice and discrimination fail to use resources of other groups. It aggravates other groups because of poverty, which can lead to crime and delinquency. It undermines goodwill and diplomatic relations between countries. Mainly it undercuts peaceful resolution of disputes.
2. Describe a racist or sexist incident that you saw. You may have been personally involved or witnessed the event. Do not include events that you saw on television or heard about from someone else. Clearly state whether sexism or racism was involved. Describe why the incident was an example of racism or sexism rather than just bad manners. I have been in a racist incident that I was personally involved in. It was 2008 and I was traveling to Miami Florida from my hometown Columbus Ohio. Midway through my trip between flight connections I was in Greer South Carolina for about an hour and a half. I decided to go to one of the local bars in the airport; I choose the nearest one to me and order a beer and chips. It was a middle aged white male that took my order; he poured my beer and brought it to me then proceeded to ask for my ID.
I show him my ID and I could immediately see his facial expression change from welcoming to hostile, he throws my ID back to me and snatched the beer I ordered back and just walks away. His co-worker comes to me and told me that he owns the little bar and has the right to refuse service to anyone. At first I was confused because I was definitely old enough to drink and it couldn’t have been my skin color because he served me half way. Then it dawned on me. My ID has my full name, my middle name being Mohammed and last being Siad. The man did not like Muslims or Arabs as I was told by other people in nearby bars. I have put in a complaint against him and to my surprise, the complaints against him was a lot. That’s the only time I have been a victim of racism.
3. What is brain drain? What are its effects on the U.S.? On other countries? How does the U.S. benefit from illegal immigration? Brain drain is the migration of skilled workers and professionals to the United States or other countries in hopes of better pay, who are also desperately needed by their home countries. It leaves a temporary void of skilled workers in the countries they are from. In the United States, those skilled workers contribute to society and economy benefits from it. Illegal immigration can sometimes be benefitted because such people are willing to work for less or “under the table” which can help business owners prosper for a time being because their costs go down.
4. Often in research, religious groups are compared to one another on social and political attitudes and beliefs (e.g., Roman Catholics are compared to Protestants, Muslims, and Jews). Discuss why this might be problematic and produce misleading findings. It might be problematic and produce misleading information because in such comparisons, they tend to leave out the good in each religion and focus on the bad in order to justify why one religion is better or more righteous than the other. Discrimination could take effect when one is looking to a specific religion which he or she can mislead others because the research was done only to discredit the religion.
5. Explain the special challenges that refugees present to policy makers who are trying to solve the issues related to their plight. Some special challenges might be violence among each other, placement and transitions to their new living. Language barriers and ethnic diversity have different approaches when it comes to filling for programs to assist with living costs and housing placements. Some refugees hail from unfriendly countries which could have diplomatic problems and boundaries.