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The Foundations of Human Development Essay

Human development is the biological, psychological, and social process that a human being must go through to reach full maturity. It defines who we are and how we interact with and view the environment around us. Understanding human development and how it affects an individual is an essential theme in human services. Understanding the bio-psycho-social dimensions of human development, having cultural competency, and comprehending the general systems theory and how it works are all important parts of being an effective human service professional. Section I. )

The Interactions between the Bio-Psycho-Social Dimensions of Human Development

Human development consists of three dimensions: biological, psychological, and social development. These three aspects of human development interact together to create an individual’s identity and personality. The biological dimensions of an individual affect their ability to interact with the world physically. If an individual has a genetic disability like a birth defect that affects their mobility, for example, it is a challenge to interact with their environment on a personal level unless the individual has help from another or from tools of aid for mobility.

The psychological dimensions of an individual affect an individual’s perception of the world around them. An individual’s psychological state determines how a person can function within society and how they view their environment. The social dimensions of an individual affect how that individual interacts with other individuals in their environment. These three aspects work together to influence who an individual is and who that individual will become. Section II. ) The Concept of Human Diversity and Cultural Competence Human diversity is a major theme in human development and human services.

The world is a very diverse place and as human service professionals we must be prepared to interact with and understand many people from different backgrounds, beliefs, and cultures. The job of human service professionals is to help a client reach their full potential of success within society, but in order to do that we must first understand the client. Differences race, nationality, language, religion, sexuality, and even those with disabilities all count as human diversity and are people who human service professionals will encounter every day.

These differences can determine one’s identity and influence how the view and interact with the social world. A human service professional who is prepared for these differences can meet a client at their level, communicate with them in a way they will understand, and provide for their needs accordingly. However, a human service professional who encounters these people without prior knowledge of their needs will be unable to help them at all.

If a human service professional with no cultural competency attempted to help a client different from them, this could offend, prevent a client from seeking help, or ultimately even hurt the client further. Another result of cultural lack of understanding could be no progress at all. It is very important for the human service professional to understand diversity and have cultural competency in order to effectively help a client reach their full potential. Section III. )

The Connection between the General Systems Theory and Social Order

The general systems theory is a theory of order. It defines the general order of the world and how it functions. Social order is the order in which the social world is structured. Social order is a subset in the general systems theory in that it defines the order of social interaction. The general systems theory states that there is a set way in how we interact with one another and how we function in society as a whole. Conclusion) Human development, the process that all humans must go through in life, defines who we are as people and how we function within society.

As human service professionals, it is our responsibility to understand how human development works and how it can affect our clients. We can achieve this through understanding how the bio-psycho-social dimensions of human development affect an individual, the concept of diversity and cultural competency, and how the social world is ordered through the general systems theory. If we, as human service professionals, prioritize comprehending human development and how it affects each person in life, we will become far more effective in helping our clients reach their full potential in society.


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