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The Enhancement of the Quadruped Robot Essay

1. A TOY ROCK CLIMBING ROBOT
The goal of this thesis was to build a simple toy rock climbing robot, and to explore problems related to grasping, path planning, and robot control. The robot is capable of climbing a wall of pegs either under manual control through a host system and an infrared interface, or on the basis of a set of pre-recorded key frames. In addition, the robot can climb certain peg configurations using a cyclic gait. The robot climbs in an open-loop mode without sensor feedback. All communications are sent through the IR connection, and the tether to the robot consists only of two power wires.

2. MOBILE ROBOT CONTROL USING BLUETOOTH LOW ENERGY
This thesis gives a working example on how to design and implement a remotely controllable embedded system consisting of two subsystems who are communicating with each other using Bluetooth Low Energy. The subsystems are a movable peripheral based on the Parallax Sumobot development kit, and Atmel AVR Butterfly, the Texas Instruments CC2540 development kit and a user input interface using the Apple iPhone 4S.

3. NEURO-FUZZY CONTROL OF A ROBOTIC ARM
This thesis first outlines the theory, historical background, and application of neural networks and fuzzy logic. The review of neural networks and fuzzy logic is followed by a discussion of the combination of the two technologies — neuro-fuzzy techniques. The two tools have been successfully combined to maximize their individual strengths and compensate for shortcomings. A survey is given of previous work done in applying these technologies to control systems.

1. ROBOTIC ARM: A MOUSE CONTROLLED IN HUMAN MODE AND A SELF CONTROLLED IN A.I. MODE
The robotic arm is a PIC based prototype that can pick and drop objects from one side to the other side. The robotic arm has a complex mechanism that can carry and grips object. Mouse is used as a controller for it is widely use in the environment especially those who have PC at home. The robotic arm has a degree of freedom because it is composed of servo motors that makes the robotic arm rotates, bend and grips objects. We are also using here the concept of the real time operation, how fast the data being transmitted to the receiver. In every operation that we have done using the optical mouse corresponds a unique movement of the robotic arm. It has also an A.I mode which makes the robotic arm moves by itself.

3 Foreign Literature

1. COOPERATIVE ROBOTICS USING WIRELESS COMMUNICATION
On September 12, 2001, in the aftermath of the World Trade Center terrorist attacks, mobile robots made their first appearance in an actual human search-and-rescue mission. While fully autonomous robots are not yet practical, mobile robots assisted rescue workers in locating more than two percent of the victims that were discovered. These robots were sent into tiny crevices, used to explore buried rooms with camera vision, and were well accepted by the rescue community. While this was a landmark event for the multi-disciplinary field of robotic search-and-rescue, it also showed the great need for further research and development. Fully autonomous and cooperative robots remain an unrealized goal for researchers worldwide.

2. HUMAN-ROBOT COLLABORATION
NASA’s vision for space exploration stresses the cultivation of human‐robotic systems (NASA 2004). Fong and Nourbakhsh point out that to reduce human workload, costs, fatigue driven error and risk, intelligent robotic systems will have to be part of mission design. They also observe that scant attention has been paid to joint human‐robot teams, and making human‐robot collaboration natural and efficient is crucial to future space exploration.

3. A REVIEW OF THE APPLICABILITY OF ROBOTS IN EDUCATION
Robots are becoming an integral component of our society and have great potential in being utilized as an educational technology. To promote a deeper understanding of the area, we present a review of the field of robots in education. Several prior ventures in the area are discussed (post-2000) with the help of classification criteria. The dissecting criteria include domain of the learning activity, location of the activity, the role of the robot, types of robots and types of robotic behavior. Our overview shows that robots are primarily used to provide language, science or technology education and that a robot can take on the role of a tutor, tool or peer in the learning activity.

1. WIFI CONTROLLED MOBILE ROBOT
The tablet acts as the controller and video monitor, communicates thru wifi via a SMART phone on board (Galaxy Pocket). The smart phone serves as the camera thru IP Webcam and receives UDP packets via a python script running in the background, the received data is transferred to the motor controller via bluetooth so that a cheaper microcontroller can be used rather than using the ADK.

2. ROBOCOP
In Manila They call it “Mac,” or the Mechanical Anti-Terrorist Concept, and it did the inventors and the Philippines proud when it was adjudged the winner in the first World Cup for Computer-Implemented Inventions held recently in China. And the victory is not to be taken for granted since Mac came out on top to win the gold medal among the inventions submitted by 50 countries in the global competition hosted by Suzhou in China. Mac has been placed on active duty at the police department of suburban Makati City in Metro Manila, considered the country’s financial centre as well as home to many of the big multinational companies as well as foreign embassies. Mac was also conferred the rank of police inspector, which is equivalent to a captain in the military.

As its name implies, Mac is one a one-armed, two-foot tall bomb disposal “Robocop” invented by a four-man team, led by Roel John Judilla, the former dean of the mechanical engineering department of the Mapua Institute of Technology (MIT), one of the country’s top engineering private schools. The other members include Virgilio Malang of the Filipino Inventors’ Society and MIT senior engineering students Jaylord Jaoud and Kit Mistosamente. After months of fine-tuning, the country’s first bomb disposal robot made its public “debut” in one of the shopping centres on October 14 as the latest member of the Makati police force. Made of aluminium, fiberglass and engineering plastic, Mac was ordered to examine and retrieve an explosive device that was brought to a bomb disruptor where it was safely detonated.

Its ability to approach, anything or anyone was also showcased when it was made to bring a mobile phone to a supposed hostage-taker in order to give the police and the suspect a way to communicate. According to Judilla, Mac is a 100 per cent Filipino invention made from spare parts bought from different electrical shops in Quiapo district in Manila. “With Mac around, families of members of the Makati police bomb disposal unit will be assured that their loved ones will come home alive,” said a confident Judilla. Senior Superintendent Gilbert Cruz, the Makati police chief, agreed as he emphasised: “Mac will make our job safer. He will take on assignments which could endanger the lives of our policemen.”

3. FARMER ROBOT
MANILA, Philippines — Robots that can take care of an entire rice field, go underwater to provide a view of the reefs and prevent ships from running aground. These robots, which were showcased during the finals of the 12th Philippine Robotics Olympiad, are all made by high school and elementary students in the Philippines. The Dr. Yangas Colleges Inc. (DYCI) high school team, which created an entire set of robots aimed at taking care of the Banaue Rice Terraces, won first place and is set to defend its championship in the 2013 World Robotics Olympiad in Jakarta, Indonesia on November 15. It also has a robotic arm that can take samples of plants and a weather vane to measure wind speed that sends an alert when it reaches dangerous levels that can adversely affect the plants.

USB Security Door Lock

3 Foreign Study

1. DESIGN OF A PC BASED WIRELESS DOOR SECURITY SYSTEM
This project is developed by using Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) System, ATMEGA-32 Microcontroller and relay switching circuit to design a PC based Time attendance and Wireless door access system. The main objective of this project is to implement a time attendance system along with a door lock system for secure and reliable applications. The system gives all types of information regarding student registration, in-out track record, attendance details which can be used for future reference.

2. DEVELOPMENT OF SECURITY SYSTEM USING FACIAL RECOGNITION
Security is generally a state or feeling of being saved and protected, an assurance that something of value will not be taken. This paper employs two of the emerging artificial intelligence technologies: Facial Recognition and Artificial Neural Networks for developing a secure keyless door where authentication of authorized faces arethe only guarantee for entry. This mechanically built door, with a camera, has an interface with the PC for capturing and processing images.

3. MICROCONTROLLER-BASED LOCK USING COLOUR SECURITY CODE
Nowadays, lock has evolved into the security device that embedded with the microcontroller which is usually named electronic lock. There are several authentication methods for the electronic lock and the password based electronic lock are the most ubiquitous and cheapest among them. However, there are some drawbacks for this type of lock. This color security code lock is designed to overcome those drawbacks. It is a microcontroller based lock which using the color sequence code as password to unlock the system.


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