The life span of adulthood continues and is not the endpoint of development. An individual continually change from birth to adolescence after adolescent a person will change about five or six years later, there is hardly any change in adulthood, and when they become older adult thing begin to change considerably. (Santrock, 2012) During the time of adulthood a person go through several changes which will include finances, romance, and residence.
When evaluating the changes that an adult went through during adulthood 200 individuals between the ages of 17 and 27 it showed when a change was made it effected changes in other domains in one’s life. When only two people were interviewed the assumption of independency of their life was different and did not compare to the 200 people that was interviewed and this was done on the bases of the dynamic system theory when they compared the different domains. Several different studies have been done when it comes to adulthood.
Once a person graduate from college they will take on a different responsibility as an adult such as they will focus on their careers and perhaps get married and start a family after they turn 30 years of age. (Arnett, 2000) People that do not complete college or constantly return home during their college years do not succeed well in finances, family, and relationships this is an imbalance within the process of adulthood this is a drastic change in domains.
Bothe of theses situation are separated but they do intertwine but the change that occur does bring about the regulatory function to ones identity in developing and maintaining a cohesive sense of self. (Berzonsky, 1990; Lerner et al, 2001, Sneed and Witbourne, 2003). Part 2: Passage to Adulthood A rite of passage is a ceremony or ritual that marks an individual’s transition from one status to another, into adulthood. It primitive cultures, rites of passage are often well defined.
In contemporary American, rites of passage to adulthood are ill-defined. Santrock, 2012) In different traditional cultures, rites of passage are the avenue through which adolescents gain access to sacred adult practices, to knowledge, and to sexuality. Rite of passage can mean the separation from immediate family members. (Santrock, 2012) This transformation can be some form of ritual death and rebirth, or the contact of the spiritual word where bonds are forged between the adolescent and the adult instructor share rituals, hazards, and secrets that are allow the adolescent to become an adult.
In Africa boy paint their face and undergo ceremonies for rite of passage to adulthood. This is beginning to fade out it is not as common anymore. In America the rite of passage can be an adolescent graduating from high school. The Jews have bat mitzvah. (Santrock, 2012) The changing of this is this brings a new situation especially in the Western part of the country, there are new challenges where parent have to balance work and their family to meet the needs they have and young adults are having a problem.
Younger adults do not finish school nor have jobs which will put them in the position of not to qualify for social security. This will cause them to fail as the transition into adulthood is limited for them and have limited association in the future of society. (Settersten, 2007) The passage to adulthood has changed over the years. Different cultures are no longer following the rituals they once did for the right of passage to adulthood. People are looking at the right of passage to adulthood as finishing high school, finishing college, getting married, having a family, and maintaining a career.
With people returning to college at an older age as well as the younger adult’s just entering college it shows that jobs are less permanent. (Settersten, 2007) Here in the United States parent are going out of their way to help young adults to try to become responsible adults while making the transition into adulthood. When making this passage into adulthood for those in their twenties and early thirties parents show on a large scale downward material and emotional support. (Schoeni & Ross, 2005) While taking this course Human Growth and Development my perspective have not changed much.
Perhaps it may be due to my age and knowing that perhaps I have reached my goals in life thus far, but I am still striving for more. When looking into Human Growth and Development we want to find out why each of us is the way we are, every individual is different. After infancy we become young adults and begin to form our independency. Adolescence is the physiological change that a person makes along with the cognitive and social change this is the process from childhood. Topic 2: Older Adulthood Principles of Longevity and Aging: Intervention to Enhance Older Adulthood
When it comes to the development of the life span a person is expect to grow and as they get older the declining process will begin due to aging. During a person life span the development perspective involves several different stages such as multidisciplinary, multidimensional, and multidirectional. (Santrock, 2012) The growth involves includes the process of going through biological and social cultural factors. The older adults are beginning to live longer due to medical breakthrough with medication, them exercising, they must have healthy diets. Older adults that are obese will probably not live long due to what they eat.
Physical exercise is highly important to living longer when it comes to older adults. When the research was done on over a thousand older adults over the age of seventy it showed that they had more accidents at home because of objects being in their path and with education of the situation to them concerning this there would be fewer accidents. Spirituality in Older Adulthood Existential Meaning Productivity and Live Events When individuals are at the end of life stage they become more spiritually in tune with God especially older adults it is important to them.
Some theorist from the disciplines of gerontology, psychology, and religion understand older adulthood to be a time of increased spiritually. (Neugarten, 1968, Jung, 1971) Knowing that they are at the end of life stage they must find peace within themselves. An older adult realizes that there is not a future for them thing were different when they were young adults and when they were in their middle adulthood. It is a time to come to the conclusion that being spiritually within them self will make death easier.
In conclusion the adult role in becoming adults can change and have different various depending on the domain that a person goes through. Early adulthood starts in individual early twenties and will continue into their thirties, in the individuals early forties and into their sixties they will be inter into middle adulthood, this is where their domain will change because it’s the time they have responsibilities, have social agenda with others and getting to know one self while maturing as an individual and establish a career.
When a person inters into their sixties and seventies they have interred into their late adulthood and has come to their end of life stage this process is the last of the domain change of their life span, a time of retirement, have social interactions and to enjoy the remaining of one’s life.