Also known for its legal term: “The Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors Act.” This act basically gives an opportunity to undocumented alien students to keep their educational progress. According to “Bill Summary and Status,” a summary of the DREAM ACT published online by the Library of Congress declares that to qualify for the benefits of the bill the beneficiaries must “Not have entered the United States on a non-immigrant Visa. Have proof of having arrived in the United States before age 16. Have proof of residence in the United States for at least five consecutive years since their date of arrival. If male he must had registered with the Selective Service. The beneficiaries must be between the ages of 12 and 35 at the time of bill enactment. Have graduated from an American high school, obtained a GED, or been admitted to an institution of higher education and also be a citizen of good moral character.” If the beneficiaries meet all the requirements, the benefits of the bill are “a temporal residency for six years, in which years the beneficiary may continue with his or her education in an U.S. if they are already admitted and also opens a path for their legal residency and furthermore their citizenship. According to “Bill Summary and Status” a summary of the DREAM ACT published online by the Library of Congress “This bill was presented to the senate on AUGUST/ 01/2001 by democrat Senator from Illinois Dick Durbin and the republican Senator of Utah Orrin Hatch.” Data recollected by the New York Times states that “As of November 2013, 15 states have their own versions of the DREAM Act, which dealed with tuition prices and financial aid for state universities.
These states are Texas, California, Illinois, Utah, Nebraska, Kansas, New Mexico, New Jersey, New York, Washington, Wisconsin, Massachusetts, Maryland, Minnesota, and Oregon”, according to Michael Olivas’s declaration of this research to the New York Times “Arizona, Colorado, Georgia, Indiana, Ohio and South Carolina have adopted laws explicitly barring illegal immigrants from qualifying for in-state tuition. But regarding of the period of time of this information we can infer that in one year the possibilities that more states have included the DREAM act in their proposals extends the opportunities for more undocumented aliens.” Just like when any plan is made it must have some pros and cons for some people’s point of view. According to a report submitted online by Juan Carlos Guzmán and Raul C. Jara, to “Center for American Progress” an independent nonpartisan educational institute dedicated to improving the lives of Americans through progressive ideas and action, “If the DREAM ACT is approved the passage of this bill will improve our economy by $329 billion to and by 2030 create 1.4 million new jobs”, meaning a significant increase in our economy therefore its and improvement for the nation as well.
The Center for Immigration Studies (CIS) has released a report indicating that “The DREAM ACT will be a nightmare for local tax payers and the states because, the cost of this amnesty bill will cost have an annually cost of $6.2 billion, cannot be calculated in the same rate as congressional budgets are calculated, because state universities and local community colleges will be forced, by law, to grant illegal aliens in-state tuition discounts, meaning that U.S. citizens will be forced to pay higher taxes and tuition rates because the DREAM ACT does not provide federal funding to cover the costs.“ These opponents also state that the act is encouraging the illegal immigration and it’s verified as well in the Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics & Public Policy, 26, 459-472. Retrieved from http://heinonline.org in a report published in 2014, the Office of Customs and Border Protection “there has been an effective doubling in apprehensions of unaccompanied minors in the border since the proposal of this act.” In conclusion just as any plan in progress it still needs improvements in various ways to properly satisfy the petitions of all sides, benefitted individuals and opponents to the act, in order to reach an agreement that could be well approved by both sides and without jeopardizing one point of view from the other.