The Divine Command Theory (DCT) of ethics posits that an act is either moral or immoral solely because God either commands us to do it or prohibits us from doing it, respectively. According to DCT, the only thing that makes an act morally wrong is that God prohibits doing it. This makes DCT a kind of moral relativism. Morality does not depend on God. An old argument posits that if God commands us to do what is right, then either (a) the right actions are right because God commands them or (b) God commands them because they are right.
If we take option (a), it means God’s commands are arbitrary; moreover the doctrine of the goodness of God is rendered meaningless. If we take option (b), we have admitted that there is a standard of right and wrong that is independent of God’s will. Most religions point to their scriptures for answers, but it is possible to question whether these really state the will of God. This is because different religions have different interpretations of commandments from their deity. Some religions posit that God commands them to kill unbelievers and that killing unbelievers will grant them a place in heaven.
We all know that killing innocent people is not morally right. Few, if any religion claims to have texts detailing their deity’s will concerning every possible situation. Some atheists are very morally upright. Question 2. The “Ethical Contracts” cover five specific areas: 1) External Customers. This identifies the elements of our Ethical Contract relating to external customers (the people you serve) and it is almost always unwritten. They are the guidelines for good and efficient customer service. 2) Internal Customers. This identifies the elements of our Ethical Contract relating to
internal customers. Internal customers refers to the people we work with, our co-workers. Ethics. This contract is also almost always unwritten. They are the guidelines for good and efficient working relations with co-workers. 3) Leadership and Followership. This identifies the Ethical Contract we enter as leaders and followers. People can be leaders in one setting and followers in another. They are guidelines for behavior that is important for effective leadership and followership. 4) Professional Conduct. This refers to the Ethical Contract we make as regards our
professional conduct. These are the guidelines we must follow to exhibit professionalism at work. 5) Personal Commitment. This is the last of the Ethical Contracts but it’s not the least. It refers to, and is based on the commitment we make to ourselves. These guidelines define a special part of our character and make us review our work life periodically. For example, “only make promises that you can keep”. Question 3. Change is an ethical issue for the fire service because no one is perfect and workers should constantly strive to change for the better.
This will guarantee the fire department keeps moving forward. The guidelines for good working relations among workers stipulate that workers should participate in efforts to improve their relationship with co-workers. Question 4. We have to adhere to these principles because we believe they are right. Adhering to these principles make for better professional conduct and make us more effective at work. It will help us become better people and build a strong moral sense in us. It will help us identify the things we stand for and model the behaviors that we seek from other people.