Using specific examples, explain the role of the following in either the alleviation or the development of depression
The risk of developing major depressive disorder increases if a parent or sibling has the disorder.
If we interpret our stressful experiences through a negative explanatory style, we will end up creating an even more depressed state four ourselves. This results in behavioral and cognitive changes, which fuel more negative stressful experiences
Alcohol can be effective in treating depression for a couple of hours by helping you relax and forget about stress but it is only temporary. Alcohol can lead to other physical illnesses and dependency.
It can reduce stress in your life which may lead to alleviating depression. Cognitive and behavioral therapy will focus on how and why your thought and actions contribute to your depression which can therefore lead to how you treat it.
Most antidepressants work to elevate the levels of serotonin or norepinepherine in the brain. These neurotransmitters tend to be low in people suffering from depression.
Describe and discuss two advantages for each of the following psychotherapies
Gives insight into how early experiences or relationships can affect our adult personality. One of the examples of this is that fixations can be caused at the Oral Stage of psychosexual development such as being separated from the primary caregiver too early or having feeding difficulties. These fixations can then lead to psychological problems centered round eating or drinking. Brings repressed feelings into patients conscious awareness which helps patients to work through buried feelings and take responsibility for their own growth
Focuses on the persons conscious self-perceptions
The therapist listens without judging or interpreting and seeks to refrain
from directing the client towards certain insights
Therapists practice active listening
Pairs the trigger stimulus with a new response that is incompatible with fear
They are able to replace unwanted responses
It not only aims to alter the way people think but also to alter the way they act. It trains people to replace their irrational and catastrophic thinking with rational thinking. It tends to be very effective because it works to will equip you with strategies and techniques to deal with the issues these mental health disorders are causing you.
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