In October 1962, the United States spied nuclear missile sites built by the Soviet Union in Cuba, some 90 miles off the coast of Florida, an event that led to what is now known to be the Cuban Missile Crisis. Leaders of both countries have corresponded to peaceful solution the crisis until Nikita Krushchev agreed to withdraw the Soviet nuclear warheads in exchange for the U. S. promise not to invade Cuba and to withdraw its missiles that was set in Turkey and Italy.
The Cuban Missile Crisis was the closest to sparking the cold war into a full-blown war between the United States of America and the Soviet Union, and it would be an understatement to say that it would have led to the outbreak of a third World War. Although the crisis primarily involved three countries, it was however a product of the Cold War, a conflict with the originating issue on the ideals of government that certainly involves more countries.
Furthermore, there exist alliances among the leading countries involved in the Cold War, which no doubt will become involved had the crisis developed into a full-blown war. Adlai Stevenson stated “that there has been no threat to the vision of peace so profound” than the events during the crisis (Halsall, 1998). He also held that “if the United States and the other nations of the Western Hemisphere should accept this new phase of aggression, we would be delinquent in our obligations to world peace,” speaking about appropriate actions by the United Nations in response to the crisis (Halsall, 1998).
Robert Kennedy also held that the crisis had involved not only of the people of Cuba, or the United States or the Soviet Union, but “people all over the world” (Hershberg, 1995).
Halsall, P. (1998) “United Nations: Cuban Missile Crisis Debate, 1962. ” Retrieved November 7, 2008 from http://www. fordham. edu/halsall/mod/1962-cuba-un1. html. Hershberg, J. (1995). “Anatomy of a controversy. ” Retrieved November 7, 2008 from http://www. gwu. edu/~nsarchiv/nsa/cuba_mis_cri/moment. htm.