Water is a basic need like the air on which the whole category of living beings depend whether they are human beings, animals, or plants. The bodily system of human beings demand several glasses of water each day for the purpose of digesting what we eat, maintain the flow of blood in our body, and keep us away from dehydration that might result due to lack of water drinking. Of course, water quality is highly interlinked with public health because when we drink water it directly goes into the digestive system where it is treated by many human organs.
Since, the inner human organs are quite sensitive; therefore, they would definitely get affected in a negative way if the water we drink is not pure and is contaminated. Drinking contaminated water that usually contains several pesticides, waste materials, sediments, and polluted minerals that are harmful for the health of human and as well as animals. Answer – 2 Talking about the comparison between the water quality and quantity in the United States and any developing country such as, India, the water quality is generally much better in United States as compared to that of India.
But still there are some concerns regarding the quality of water that contain few pollutants in the rural of backward areas of the United States. Nevertheless, the overall quality and quantity of water in the U. S is much better because the quality and quantity of water is regulated by certain rules and laws of state that do not allow the pollutants to increase a pre-defined level in the water. Moreover, the U. S has better means of water cleansing, water storage, and water supply as compared to that of India, where a number of people do not have access to drinkable water.
Answer – 3 Let’s discuss the concerns regarding water quality and quantity in India that has led many people deprived of clean drinkable water. The poor quality of water is not only affecting the health of people but is also damaging the environment and crops around them. Since, the demand for water to be used in agricultural and industrial sector is increasing, so water is mostly supplied to them by extracting ground waters. It is estimated that around 10% of the total population does not have access to clean, drinkable water (WHOIndia, n. d. ).
Certain contaminants such as, arsenic, lead, and fluoride are included in waters and around 80 million people are prone to be affected by such water. Over-extraction of water from grounds has led to mix the salty water in the normal one, which makes the water salty and undrinkable. Around 200 million people of whole population drink from polluted and contaminated streams of water, which result them in diseases such as, diarrhea, cholera, typhoid, and other stomach diseases.
These diseases are not usual, in fact, they lead to death since many of the children in India die because of chemical poisoning and lack of water to take bath or wash their faces (Brown, 2010). Water shortage is a common thing in India and the government has this thing in knowledge; but the problem is that the strategies and plans are not being designed to effectively overcome the issue. Whatever plans were proposed before, require huge amount of investment due to which the progress is quite slow.
Poor water quality and lack of access to clear water is resulting in high rates of mortality, especially of children, and as well as morbidity that causes several diseases mentioned earlier. People often experience to have certain spots or marks on their body that include nail shortening, swallowing of fingers, etc. This issue can be overcome by maintaining effective storage, cleansing, and supply system of water; moreover, making people and organizations aware about the problem so that pollution can be minimized and drinkable water is supplied to the deprived ones.
References Brown. K. (2010). Exploring the severe drinking water problems in India. Retrieved on August 11, 2010. From http://ezinearticles. com/? Exploring-the-Severe-Drinking-Water-Problems-in-India&id=4173982 WHOIndia. (n. d). Drinking water quality in India. Retrieved on August 11, 2010. From http://www. whoindia. org/LinkFiles/SDE-Workshop_Water_Quality_In_India_MOH. pdf