Audience Hook: In the early 50’s polio paralyzed thousands, in the early 40’s Pertussis (whooping cough) caused 8000 deaths and there were millions of reported cases of measles before 1963. Thanks to immunization, the numbers of cases reported have declined tremendously and in some diseases, there are zero cases to report. b. Thesis Statement: Research shows that the benefits of vaccination outweigh the risks because vaccines can prevent serious illness and disease in individuals, vaccinations can also prevent widespread outbreaks of diseases in populations and the side effect of vaccinations, though occasionally serious, are vary rare. c.Preview of Main Points:
The benefits of vaccinations far outweigh the risks and vaccines do and have eradicated many diseases. ii.The side effects of vaccines are occasionally serious, but are so rare that parents should follow the vaccination schedule to prevent widespread outbreaks. II.Vaccinating children have reduced death rates significantly and the risk of not vaccinating far outweighs the risk of being vaccinated. a.A study by the Centers for Disease and Prevention (CDC) show death rates for 12 diseases are at an all-time low. (McNeil, 2008) b.Vaccines have reduced or eliminated infectious diseases that at one time killed or harmed many from infants to adults. (Centers for Disease Control and prevention, 2013) c.Vaccines-preventable diseases still exist and become common and deadly again if vaccination is not continued. (Centers for Disease Control and prevention, 2013) III.Vaccines are preventing diseases and death.
Children are 35 times more likely to catch measles that are not vaccinated versus children that have been immunized. (National Network for Immunization Information, 2010) i.Without vaccines thousands of children will become sick, possibly have long term health problems or die. (National Network for Immunization Information, 2010) ii.In 1963, approximately 500,000 cases of measles and 500 deaths due to measles were reported and only 44 were reported in 2002. (National Network for Immunization Information, 2010) b.Side effects of vaccines, though occasionally serious, are very rare. i.Vaccine side effects are almost always mild and last only a few days. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012) ii.U.S. immunization program is one of the safest in the world. (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2013) IV.Conclusion
Restatement of thesis: Research shows that the benefits of vaccination outweigh the risks because vaccines can prevent serious illness and disease in individuals, vaccinations can also prevent widespread outbreaks of diseases in populations and the side effect of vaccinations, though occasionally serious, are very rare. b.Summary of main points:
The benefits of vaccinations far outweigh the risks
Vaccines are eradicating diseases and illness.
The side effects of vaccines are occasionally serious, but are so rare that parents should follow the immunization schedule to prevent widespread outbreaks. c.Closing comments:
Vaccines are and have been very effective in preventing and eradicating widespread disease and illness. ii.The side effects from vaccines are low and vaccines are among the safest in the world. iii.Not vaccinating could cause the return of many diseases.
Visual Aid Rationale
When trying to decide the best way to show the importance of vaccines on a visual aid, I choose to use the SmartArt styles instead of any type of graph. When trying to use any type of graph, (bar, line, column etc.) the early years were very easy to see with the numbers being so high, but the latter years are so low they could not be seen on the graph. I wanted my audience to be able to clearly see and understand the effects vaccines have had over the years in preventing diseases and illness. With a growing number of parents questioning vaccines today because of side effects or just simply believing their child will not get a disease because of the rarity of the disease today, my visual aid lets them see what can happen without vaccines. According to the National Network for Immunization Information (NNii), “Before vaccines became widely used, infectious diseases killed thousands of children and adults each year in the United States.” (National Network for Immunization Information, 2010) I believe that this visual aid shows my main point in that vaccine do prevent illness, death and have eradicated some diseases.
Visual Aid Script
This visual aid is about the effects of vaccines. Vaccinations are one of the greatest achievements of medicine. Over the years, vaccines have helped prevent many diseases, illness, and death. I have taken data from the National Network for Immunization Information (NNii) and listed six diseases that show the number of cases reported before vaccines became widely used and the number of cases reported after years of vaccine use. Today many question the use of vaccines since we no longer see huge outbreaks of measles for example. My presentation shows the effects of pre-vaccinations. If parents stop vaccinating because we no longer see outbreaks in diseases, the numbers will start to climb in reported cases. According to Dr. Jenkins, “Many parents never saw diseases or heard of someone who had polio or diphtheria, so they don’t have a sense of that life is like without immunity.” (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2013) Vaccines are given as a preventative measure, we would very likely see reported outbreaks of many diseases that are at this time rarely seen any longer.
Scripted Audience Questions
Questions: If vaccines have eradicated some disease, polio for example, why should that particular vaccine still be given? Answer: As we can see on my chart, in 1952 there were more than 12,000 cases of polio reported. If we were to stop giving the polio vaccine, many people will become susceptible to the infectious disease, which would cause a resurgence of this disease that causes paralysis and even death. (Centers for Disease Control and prevention, 2013) Question: Do the viruses still exist that cause the diseases such as measles or diphtheria?
Answer: Yes, they do still exist. Although vaccines have reduced or eliminated many diseases, without the protection of vaccines the virus can be passed on to those not protected by vaccines. Question: I am concerned about side effects. With the reported numbers being so low why take the risk of my child developing side effects and becoming ill from the vaccine? Answer: With any medication, there are side effects. Vaccines are no different. The side effects are almost always mild (redness or selling at injection site) and go away in a few days. Serious side effects are very rare, but your physician is trained to deal with them. Just remember, the benefits far outweigh the risk and vaccines have been very effective in preventing and eradicating widespread disease’s and illnesses.
American Academy of Pediatrics. (2013, May 11). Safety & Prevention. Retrieved from Healthy Children Magazine: http://www.healthychildren.org/English/safety-prevention/immunizations/pages/Vaccination-Is-The-Best-Protection.aspx?nfstatus=401&nftoken=00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000&nfstatusdescription=ERROR%3a+No+local+token&nfstatus=401&nftoken=00000000-0000-0 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012, March 8). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from Vaccines for Your Children: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/parents/vaccine-decision/side-effects.html Centers for Disease Control and prevention. (2013, September 18). What would happen if we stopped vaccinations? Retrieved from CDC: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vac-gen/whatifstop.htm McNeil, D. G. (2008, March 29). A Multitude of Vaccine Benefits, Yet Controversy Persists. Retrieved from The New York Times: http://www.nytimes.com/ref/health/healthguide/esn-vaccinations-ess.html National Network for Immunization Information. (2010). NNII. Retrieved from Vaccine Effectiveness: http://www.immunizationinfo.org/parents/why-immunize