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The American period Of Colonization Essay

Flora;Aguinaldo’s Forces continued its attempts to capture Manila from the Spaniards. Throughout this time, American Leaders Forged an agreement with the Spaniards that the Americans latter will surrender to the Americans .

The two conspired that a mock battle of Manila Bay will be staged to save the honor of the Spanish crown.

This plan was aided by Aguinaldo’s permission to the American request to clear the pasay and Baclaran trenches to avoid any casualty in case of a fight

On August 13, 1898, the American started to attack the Spanish fleet. American troops started occupying Intramuros .Though the Filipino soldiers still thought of the Americans as their ally, With the capture of Manila by the Americans, the Filipinos came to realize that the Americans were not their ally. Instead, they were the new enemies.

Jascha:The Treaty of Paris

On Dec. 10, 1898 the treaty of Paris was signed between Spain and the United States. Under this Treaty, Spain ceded the formally ceded the Phil. To the United States. The ff. were among its important provisions .

1. Spain will cede the Phil. Puerto Rico and Guam to the United states 2. Spain will cease its governace of the Phil. And Cuba. 3. The United States will pa Spain a sum of $20,000,000. 4. The United States will decide on civil and political rights of the territories won from Spain.

Philippine–American War

known as the Philippine War of Independence was an armed military conflict between the Philippines and the United States, which is formed on Jan. 23, 1899 at Malolos, Bulacan.

The war was a continuation of the Philippine struggle for independence, following the Philippine Revolution, led by Emilio Aguinaldo and the Spanish-American War.

Jasteen:The Filipinos realized the true motive of the Americans in coming to the Phil., to annex the Phil. To United States.

The conflict began on the night of February 4, 1899 when a Filipino soldier was shot by an American soldier, William W. Grayson (an English immigrant who acquired U.S. citizenship in ).

San Juan Bridge in modern San Juan City, Metro Manila was considered the site of the event.

When Aguinaldo, who was in Malolos then, heard about this, he asked for the cessation of hostilities. According to him, the attacks were not ordered from him .Aguinaldo also ordered and investigation of the incident.

Flora:Despite Aguinaldo’s attempt evade a full-scale war, the Americans went ahead with the hostilities. Aguinaldo, and has no other choice but to declare war against the Americans. The encounters between the Filipinos and the Americans spread in the different parts of the country. Battles began however the Filipinos failed.

On march 31, 1899 the capital of the first republic ,fell into the hands of the Americans. Aguinaldo was forced to leave Malolos. He went to San Fernando, Pampanga where he was transferred the country,s capital.

Although the Filipinos lack of arms and weapons, the Filipinos continued the fight however failed and provinces and cities fell into American hands.

Jascha:Military Leaders of the Republic of the Phil. Were forced to surrender. Felipe Buencamino ,Sr. General Fernando Canor of Nueva Ecija and Colonel Tirona of Cagayan surrendered in Dec. 1899 they were soon followed by Pedro Paterno the president of the Malolos Congress, Paciano rizal ,Maximo Hizon and Others were among those who were exiled in Guam.

Lyquel:The escape of Aguinaldo

Aguinaldo managed to elude the Americans. And later moved to Palanan ,Isabela where Aguinaldo established his main headquarters.

It was General Gregorio del Pilar who volunteered to block the Americans’ pursuit of General Aguinaldo ,General Gregorio del Pilar waited for the

Americans on Dec 2, 1899 at Tirad Pass in Ilocos Sur with 60 filipino soldiers.

When they saw the Americans Aproaching they began to shoot An exchange of shots took place. At the stat American soldiers encountered difficulty since they don’t know where the is the location of the Filipino soldiers .

Jasteen:Unfortuneately, Jaunario Galut, a Christian Igorot, revealed to the Americans a secret passage that would enable the latter to surround the Filipino soldiers .General del Pilar and the Filipinos fought valiantly but were defeated because of Jaunario Galut’s treachery. Most of them died including del Pilar ,the very few who escaped brought the sad news to Aguinaldo.

Flora:Aguinaldo’s Arrest

On January 8,1901 Cecilio Seguismundo, Aguinaldo’s messenger, was arrested by Gen. Frederick Funston in Nueva ecija. With Sequismundo was document contaning orders from Aguinaldo to send troops to Palanan.

General Funston and his scout companions left Manila Bay on March 6, 1901. with them were and English and Taglaog interpreter and four taglaogs.

Jascha:March 23 they reached Panlanan. The Taglogs pretended to be filipno soldiers . Funston and his men entered Aguinaldo’s camp and fired ate the guards they then arrested aguinaldo in the name of the American government.

President Aguinaldo was brought to Manila and was made to take his oath of alleagiance to the United States.

Questions

1.Jaunario Galut a Christian Igorot, revealed to the Americans a secret passage that would enable the latter to surround the Filipino soldiers

1. January 8,1901 Cecilio Seguismundo, Aguinaldo’s messenger, was arrested by Gen. Frederick Funston in Nueva ecija

2. General Gregorio del Pilar who volunteered to block the Americans’ pursuit of General Aguinaldo

3. The conflict began on the night of February 4, 1899 when a Filipino soldier was shot by an American soldier, William W. Grayson

4. August 13, 1898, the American started to attack the Spanish fleet

5. march 31, 1899 the capital of the first republic ,fell into the hands of the Americans

6. Dec. 10, 1898 the treaty of Paris was signed between Spain and the United States

7.Americans on Dec 2, 1899 at Tirad Pass in Ilocos Sur with 60 filipino soldiers.

8.General Funston and his scout companions left Manila Bay on March 6, 1901

9. William W. Grayson an English immigrant who acquired U.S. citizenship in .


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