1)Jim is without a doubt, the noblest character in the book, due to his innocence, subtle intelligence and compassion. Jim, and to an extent, Huck are superstitious, so much so that it seems humorous. This is exactly what Mark Twain wanted, but he also wanted the reader to notice that Jim’s superstitions conceal a deeper knowledge, and symbolize a type of wisdom. Jim ran away from Miss Watson, but he ran away from that family and in order to his own, and unintentionally, his other family, being Huck. Although he was separated from his own family, he missed them, and always kept his hope that he would free them.
On the river, Jim looks after Huck, taking care of him without being a real father figure. He cooked for Huck, protected him, and just looked after Huck as a big brother, more than a father. That alone is probably his most noble trait. Jim also is the only long term character who sets a positive example for Huck to follow. 2)”Satire is a sort of glass, wherein beholders do generally discover everybody’s face but their own”–Johathan Swift Satire – Irony, sarcasm, or caustic wit used to attack or expose folly, vice, or stupidity.
-The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition, Copyright © 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company The humor used by Twain is meant to be funny, but it is also meant to make a point. Things like the vocabulary of Jim, superstitions, and the aspect that some people in the family feud don’t know what they are fighting over, and Huck’s lies are all funny, but they all represent something deeper. 3)With all of the adventures coming to an end, and Aunt Sally having offered to adopt Huck, a new problem arose for Huck.
Although Huck at that point liked Sally and Silas, he knew they are still a part of the society he despises, fears, and wants nothing to do with. He also knew Aunt Sally wanted his life to have the upbringing that that particular society at that time thought every boy needed. The key elements were a strong sense of religion, clean and “proper” clothes, a formal education, and a deeply rooted sense of morality, although what was thought to be right and wrong back then is nowhere near what it is now.
Huck realized that the first two examples were useless and the third, he thought he could provide a much better version for him than any society could. Huck saw the moderately unsettled western United States as an opportunity for him to just be himself in a community not yet completely civilized. Because he was clearly tired of his old life, Huck thought about ways to live with the same freedom he had on the raft. Huck’s break from society on that raft was absolute, and, he was already planning on how to detach himself again.
When Huck planned to head west at the end of the novel in order to escape further “sivilizing,” he was trying to avoid more than the elements of society mentioned before. The society that surrounded Huck was barely a collection of corrupted rules and guidelines that defy modern logic. One example is how the new judge in town allows Pap to keep custody of Huck. This is the same system that put a white man’s rights to his slaves over the welfare and freedom of them.
When you compare the dilemma of slaves to that of Huck at the hands of Pap, you can see that it is impossible for a society that owns slaves to be truly just, no matter how “civilized” that society is proclaimed itself to be. 4)In this story, the society most criticized is the upper class. They are portrayed as snooty, ignorant, illogical, and immoral. An example is the feuding family that Huck stayed with. They were high class, and considered “civilized”, but they used senseless violence to act on a problem that happened many years ago.
That does not sound civilized at all to me. 5)I’m not sure how to answer this question, simply because of how one may define reality. One point is that slavery was viewed as alright by the general public. For them, slavery being right was a reality, but in relativity to modern views, that thought was an illusion. Huck saw right from wrong in a totally bizarre way. It was purely based off of conventional thinking. Just because there is conformity with something doesn’t make it right. Jim saw this, and tried to explain it to Huck, but it didn’t really work.