The “Five Themes of Geography” are location, human / environmental interactions, regions, place, and movement. The 5 themes of geography helps student answer the question “What is geography.” No study into the field of human geography can truly begin without an understanding of these overlapping themes. Several definitions and ideas will be introduced in the following paragraphs.
Location refers to the position of something on the Earth’s surface. Maps are the best way to show location. Just as no study of mathematics could occur without numbers – no study of geography could occur without maps. All maps cannot perfectly represent a three-dimensional object (globe) on a two-dimensional surface (map). The scale of a map shows how much the real world has been reduced to fit on the map. It is the ratio between an actual distance on the ground and the length given to that distance on the map, using the same measurement.
There are two types of location. There is Absolute location witch is the exact location that something is located. You can find this location be finding the latitude and longitude of a place, for example, the absolute location of Egypt is 26.0000° N, 30.0000° E.
The other kind of location is Relative location. This is how a certain place is related to another place. Egypt’s relative location is that its is located in North Eastern Africa, bordered by Mediterranean Sea to the North, Libya to the West, Sudan to the South, Red Sea and Israel to the East. You can figure this out by what it has in common with other locations.
There are also two types of places. The first type is Human characteristics. You can figure out the type of place it is by the types of buildings, if there’s pollution, the population, etc. The other kind of place is physical. You can determine the physical traits by looking at the rivers, mountains, animal life, etc., around this area.
The third theme under “The 5 Themes of Geography” deals with the relationship between the environment and the population. There are three ways you can classify Human-Environmental Interaction. The first is if humans adapt to their environment. An example of this is when people use rivers to transport themselves and goods.
Another way you can classify Human-Environmental Interaction is if Humans modify the Environment. This can be done by making roads, or runways for planes. The third way you can classify this is if Human’s depend on the environment. You can observe this by seeing if they take food from an area to feed their family and friends around them.
There are many ways Human’s use movement in their daily lives. If you ride a bus to school that is movement.
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