Telecommunications and networking are complicated with very intricate design and structures built within them. Protocols are set in place to allow Ethernets, switches and gateways to achieve the abilities and capabilities of telecommunications and networking through data and voice transmissions of today and the future. Today’s society is set at such a high pace with such great demand for volumes of data and voice transmissions that telecommunications and networking need to stay the course to keep up with the demands of societal growth by way of new hardware, software and technological advances.
a) What is a policy? A policy is verbiage that consists of words and statements that gives internal and external structural requirements whereby employees, personnel and others can follow. Specifications within the said policy are set to form and guide internal and external functions. This policy paves the way for integrity within the business and/or corporation’s foundational structure. “Policy: A broad statement that specifies what should be accomplished”. (Panko, R., & Panko, J. (2011).
b) Distinguish between policy and implementation. Implementations are a more specified set of instructions whereby policies are less specified but yet each has a set verbiage that applies to the structural integrity of the company’s bi-laws and laws. “Implementation Guidance: Instructions that is more specific than policies but less specific than implementation.” (Panko, R., & Panko, J. (2011).
c) Why is it important to separate policies from implementation? The separation between policies and implementation is important so that a set of rules, bi-laws and/or laws that govern the business or company is set in a way that is most important to the least important of rules, bi-laws and laws within that business structure. Structural integrity based upon policies and the implementation of those policies is essential to the internal and external growth that applies to that corporate business structure.
d) Why is oversight important? Oversight is a tool that guides management that should be required to be used in “every” aspect within the business and/or corporation. Management has an obligation to implement the oversight protocols throughout the business structure whereby it sets the guidance protocols within those structures foundational rules of guidance and policy. “Oversight: A collection of methods to ensure that policies have been implemented properly”. (Panko, R., & Panko, J. (2011). e) Compare the specificity of policies, implementation guidance, and implementation. Policies would be a set of more formal verbiage where implementation guidance would be the guidance within that set of policies and this would then be followed by the implementation of both the policies and the implementations guidance’s. All three of these categories are molded into one that would become the set policies of the business or corporate guidance structure.
f) Distinguish between standards and guidelines. The standards and guidelines distinguish between one another in a way that they each set separate rules within themselves whereby each arrives at context and messages. The separation of standards and guidelines is such that standards “allows hardware and software to work together and guidelines is a directive that can be followed but is not necessarily followed unless implementation is required. “Guidelines: A directive that should be followed but need not be followed, depending on the context.” (Panko, R., & Panko, J. (2011). “Standards: A rule of operation that allows hardware or software processes to work together. Standards normally govern the exchange of messages between two entities.” (Panko, R., & Panko, J. (2011).
g) Must guidelines be considered? The consideration of “guidelines” is dependent on the “need” and sometimes is not necessarily followed nor is it a necessary requirement. The required consideration of “guidelines” is such that management and/or the implementation of the “guideline” can become a necessary requirement. Remembering that the necessity meets the requirement within the aforementioned guidelines. Guidelines are considered where the need meets that requirement and this can be an essential or non-essential requirement of a specified guideline. h) List the three types of oversight listed in the text. Audit is one form of oversight followed by reading log files and the third oversight is vulnerability testing. Each of these is a part of a policy that is set into place and followed by internal and external personnel. Management sets the pace and implements the oversight whereby each individual mangers proceeds with oversight protocols to meet oversight rules. I) what is vulnerability testing, and why is it done?
Vulnerability testing is an internal mechanism that is performed to prevent the intrusion of internal and external sources. The vulnerability testing is a test that allows for the intrusive behavior to begin “within” the company’s own system that shows visible signs of degradation and exploitations within the system. “Vulnerability Testing: is attacking your own systems before attackers do, so that you can identify weaknesses and fix them before they are exploited by attackers” (Panko, R., & Panko, J. (2011). j) Why is it important for policy to drive both implementation and oversight? Policy is the final product that drives the internal mechanisms of the business and/or corporate structure from the hardware, to software, to personnel then up to management.
Policy is for example “like gasoline is to the automobile without the gasoline the automobile will not run”. Implementation would be for example “like not having the oil that lubricates the engine within the automobile” and then oversight would be for example “like the brake fluid that allows the brakes of the automobile to function and stop the automobile”. Requiring each of these mechanisms to be included in the structure of the business and/or corporation is essential to building focal points that lead and pave the way to present and future growth from within that business and corporations foundational structure. Policy is a core driving force that is essential to day to day operations as well as to future implementations of guidelines.
Conclusion Telecommunications and networking are the business and/or corporate structures essential tools that require policies, guidelines, oversight and implementation. The management within that business structure is and should be required to follow each and every policy and guideline whereby each manger gives instructions to employees and personnel to follow these sets of guidelines and polices. Implementation of all governed rules should be set at the management level to include hardware, software and security protocols. Society demands telecommunications and networking with data, voice and video capabilities and management is essential to meet these societal demands whereby management needs the policies and guidelines to implement and address all of these demands.
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