* Background of the Study – includes purpose and reason behind the conduct of the study. (What made you conduct the study?) Also serves as the introduction.• Statement of the Problem – the main problem that the research is trying to solve. It follows the formulation of the title and should be faithful to it. It specifically points the important questions that the study needs to answer. It also serves as the bases of the questionnaire.
* • Significance of the Study – (Why conduct the study?) You have to identify who will benefit from the research and how they will be benefitted. This should match with the Recommendations.• Assumptions of the Study – the expected outcome of the research. * • Scope and Limitations of the Study – determines the coverage of the study and all the things that it will not cover in order to be specific.• Definition of Terms – defines technical terms based on how they are used in the study, specifically in the title. This aims to provide the readers or future researches with the basic terminologies that are important to understand the paper.
PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF TECHNOLOGY ADDICTION
Technology is taking over all aspects of life. Education, work and leisure are all becoming increasingly dependent on being able to interact with technology. But what of the academic or career prospects of those who do not want to interact with this technology? Before taking this English 305 class, I tried to avoid computers as much as possible. I didnt have any interest in cyberspace such as chatting, email, and gender swapping. Through this class, I had a chance to contact others through cyberspace. However, I still have a fear of computers. I decided that I want to know more about computers and cyberspace. I will first discuss cyberspace, then I will discuss about technophobia. Its well known that people say and do things in cyberspace that they wouldnt ordinarily say or do in the face-to-face world. The virtual world is quite different from the real world. People cant see a person in cyberspace. People cant see a persons facial expressions and body language.
The sensory experience of encountering others in cyberspace-seeing, hearing, and combining seeing and hearing is limited. For the most part, people communicate through typed language. In cyberspace, people will probably never be able to physically interact with each other. There are no handshakes, pats on the back, hugs, or kisses. The limited sensory experiences of cyberspace have some significant disadvantages- as well as some unique advantages – as compared to in-person encounters. Since communicating only with typed text, people have the option of being themselves, expressing only parts of their identity, assuming imaginative identities, or remaining completely anonymous. Anonymity has a disinhibiting effect that cuts two ways. Sometimes people use it to act out some unpleasant need or emotion, often by abusing other people.
Everywhere I look outside my home I see people busy on their high tech devices, while driving, while walking, while shopping, while in groups of friends, while in restaurants, while waiting in doctor offices and hospitals, while sitting in toilets – everywhere. While connected electronically, they are inattentive to and disconnected from physical reality. People have been steadily manipulated to become technology addicted. Technology is the opiate of the masses. This results in technology servitude. I am referring to a loss of personal freedom and independence because of uncontrolled consumption of many kinds of devices that eat up time and money. Most people do not use independent, critical thinking to question whether their quality of life is actually improved by the incessant use of technology products that are marketed more aggressively than just about anything else. I for one have worked successfully to greatly limit my use of technological innovations, to keep myself as unconnected as possible and to maximize my privacy and independence.
I do not have a smart phone; I do not participate in social networking; I do not have any Apple product, nothing like an IPod, IPad and similar devices. I have never used Twitter or anything similar, or sent a text message. I do use the Internet judiciously on an old laptop. Email is good and more than enough for me. I very rarely use an old cell phone. So what have I gained? Time, privacy and no obsession to constantly be in touch, connected, available, informed about others. Call me old fashioned, but I feel a lot more in control of my life than most people that I see conspicuously using their many modern devices. They have lost freedom and do not seem to care about that. When I take my daily long walks I have no device turned on, no desire to communicate, nor to listen to music; I want to be in the moment, only sensing the world around me, unfiltered and uninterrupted by any technology. I am not hooked by advancing technology, not tethered to constantly improved devices, not curious about the next generation of highly priced but really unnecessary products, not logged on and online all the time.
I have no apps or games. Those who think interactions with people through technology devices are the real thing have lost their sanity. Technology limits and distorts human, social interactions. Worse yet, people have lost ability and talent for actually conversing to people face to face, responding to nonverbal nuances, or through intimate writing with more than just a few words. Consider these findings: “Researchers from the University of Glasgow found that half of the study participants reported checking their email once an hour, while some individuals check up to 30 to 40 times an hour. An AOL study revealed that 59 percent of PDA users check every single time an email arrives and 83 percent check email every day on vacation.” A 2010 survey found that 61 percent of Americans (even higher among young people) say they are addicted to the Internet. Another survey reported that “addicted” was the word most commonly used by people to describe their relationship to technology.
One study found that people had a harder time resisting the allure of social media than they did for sex, sleep, cigarettes, and alcohol. A recent study by the Pew Research Center ’s Internet and American Life Project found that 44 percent of cellphone owners had slept with their phone next to their bed. Worse, 67 percent had experienced “phantom rings,” checking their phone even when it was not ringing or vibrating. A little good news: the proportion of cellphone owners who said they “could live without it” increased to 37 percent from 29 percent in 2006. The main goal of technology companies is to get you to spend more money and time on their products, not to actually improve your quality of life. They have successfully created a cultural disease that has gone viral.
Consumers willingly surrender their freedom, money and time in pursuit of what exactly? To keep pace with their peers? To appear modern and sophisticated? To not miss out on the latest information? To stay plugged in? I do not get it. I see people as trapped in a pathological relationship with time-sucking technology, where they serve technology more than technology serves them. I call this technology servitude. Richard Fernandez, an executive coach at Google acknowledged that “we can be swept away by our technologies.” Welcome to virtual living. To break the grand digital delusion people must consider how lives long ago could be terrific without all the technology regalia pushed today. What is a healthy use of technology devices? That is the crucial question.
Who is really in charge of my life? That is what people need to ask themselves if they are to have any chance of breaking up delusions about their use of technology. When they can live happily without using so much technology for a day or a week, then they can regain control and personal freedom and become the master of technology. Discover what there is to enjoy in life that is free of technology. Mae West is famous for proclaiming the wisdom that “too much of a good thing is wonderful.” Time to discover that it does not work for technology. As to globalization of technology servitude: Is this worldwide progress what is best for humanity? Is downloaded global dehumanization being sucked up? Time for global digital dieting.
Technological Device Addiction
Technology has become a great benefit to us but many people have taken it too far. According to researcher and surveys taken all over the world shows that a large number of people may have become addicted to their technological devices and are not able to make it through a day without their cell phones or other technological devices. Many have concerns that people would rather use these devices than to have a face to face conversation. The addictions of technological devices are on the rise. Although these devices were meant to make our lives easier there have been many problems to arise ranging from health risk, relationship problems, classroom, church, and work interferences. Statistics show that cell phones and GPS systems related accidents are at an all-time high. In today’s society cell phones have made it dangerous to drive.
Nine times out of ten when someone drifting into another lane while driving they are either analyzing their GPS, texting or talking on their cell phone. The advancement and use of technological devices has become an addiction and brought forth unhealthy changes in health and interpersonal relationships. Is there such a thing as “Technology Addiction?” Some experts say that constant use of Technological Devices has not been diagnosed as an addiction yet.
Others however, aren’t convinced and researchers argue that Technology Addition does exist as an addiction or even detrimental to most people’s quality of life and continues to rise (Tanaka & Terry, 2008). In a few short years technology has changed the way we interact, especially young teenagers. Television watching and going to the movies are at an all time low. Teenagers would rather be playing video games, talking or texting on their cell phone, or on the computer social networking on my space or face book. According to a study, about three-fourth of American Teens have cell phone or computers
Signs for Computer Addiction
* preoccupation with the computer either online or offline * feeling a burning desire to go online or to use the computer to play a game or to socialize. * spending time on the computer despite family functions taking place, special events or other activities that you were once happy to be a part of * performing actions on the computer that are outside the realm of what your original plans were such as shopping online when you should be working or playing a game when you should be doing homework * telling lies to your family about the activities that you perform while on the computer, such as saying that you are working on homework when you are actually playing a game * having anxious feelings when you want to use the computer, know you will be able to use the computer or know that your use of the computer will be limited * mood swings or irritability when you are not allowed to spend as much time on the computer as you would like to or if your computer time is interrupted * telling yourself that you will get off the computer at a certain time and then spending more time than you committed * any use of the computer as an escape from your feelings ————————————————-
Excessive computer use may result in, or occur with:
* Lack of face to face social interaction.
Signs for Computer Addiction
* preoccupation with the computer either online or offline * feeling a burning desire to go online or to use the computer to play a game or to socialize. * spending time on the computer despite family functions taking place, special events or other activities that you were once happy to be a part of * performing actions on the computer that are outside the realm of what your original plans were such as shopping online when you should be working or playing a game when you should be doing homework * telling lies to your family about the activities that you perform while on the computer, such as saying that you are working on homework when you are actually playing a game
* having anxious feelings when you want to use the computer, know you will be able to use the computer or know that your use of the computer will be limited * mood swings or irritability when you are not allowed to spend as much time on the computer as you would like to or if your computer time is interrupted * telling yourself that you will get off the computer at a certain time and then spending more time than you committed * any use of the computer as an escape from your feelings ————————————————-
Excessive computer use may result in, or occur with:
* Lack of face to face social interaction. * Using the computer for pleasure, gratification, or relief from stress. * Feeling irritable and out of control or depressed when not using it. * Spending increasing amounts of time and money on hardware, software, magazines, and computer-related activities. * Neglecting work, school, or family obligations.
* Lying about the amount of time spent on computer activities. * Failing at repeated efforts to control computer use.
Most Common Causes for Computer Addiction
* anxiety caused by stress at work, relationships, financial problems or other sources * depression that leads to computer use to escape reality * inactivity and using the computer instead of working out or otherwise being active * physical illness that prevents an individual from leaving the home * boredom and feeling like there is nothing else to do 
The most Common Types of Computer Addiction
* General Computer addictions – this the result of an individual’s desire to play games such as solitaire or other games on the computer and does not generally include internet usage * Internet Addiction – internet addiction is the result of an individual’s desire to spend time online performing any one of a number of tasks in excessive. Internet addiction has sub-categories that include: * Internet compulsions – these may include compulsive shopping online, compulsive gaming online, compulsive gambling online or compulsive stock trading online * Cybersex – this is a compulsive use of the internet to participate in internet sex through chat rooms, adult websites, fantasy role playing online or watching pornography * Social Networking addictions – this is the addiction that results when an individual spends more time socializing online than they do socializing with people in real life. These addicts will often find online relationships to be more meaningful than offline relationships.  ————————————————-
Treatments for Computer Addiction
* Counseling and therapy – this may entail behavioral therapy such as CBT which will retrain the mind to perform different actions when it has certain thoughts. Counseling or therapy can also focus on treating underlying mental health conditions that caused the addiction such as anxiety, depression, social trauma or other conditions * Group Support – many different options for group or community support are available to assist those who are addicted to computers. Just getting out and interacting with others can be very rewarding to the computer addict.
* Changing Interests –one method of getting past a computer addiction is to focus on new interests. For instance, you might take part in a new gym membership, spend time at the movies with friends or go out for a walk. * If you do feel that you must go onto the computer, consider talking yourself out of the computer use unless it is absolutely necessary. If you do go on the computer, make a plan for what you will do when on the computer, how long it will take and what time you will be off of the computer. Placing these limitations on your computer usage when paired with therapy or counseling can lead to recovery from this difficult to cope with addiction. 
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